LIFELINE OF NATIONAL ECONOMY: LIFELINE OF NATIONAL ECONOMY COMMUNICATION, TRADE AND TOURISM COMMUNICATION: COMMUNICATION WHAT IS COMMUNICATION?: WHAT IS COMMUNICATION? Communication is the process through which messages are sent from one place to another. EXAMPLE: People sitting thousands of kilometers away talk with one another and even watch one another. WHAT ARE THE MEANS OF COMMUNICATION?: WHAT ARE THE MEANS OF COMMUNICATION? Various Means of communication- Postal Services Print Media. Telecommunication. Electronic Media Radio & Television. Teleprinters and Cables. WHICH ARE THE TWO MAJOR MEANS OF COMMUNICATION IN INDIA? : WHICH ARE THE TWO MAJOR MEANS OF COMMUNICATION IN INDIA? The two major means of communication in India: i. Personal communication which includes letter, email, telephone, etc. ii. Mass communication which includes television, radio, press, films, etc. PowerPoint Presentation: The First class mail: Cards and envelopes are airlifted between stations covering both land and air. The second–class mail includes book packets, registered newspapers and periodicals. They are carried by surface mail, covering land and water transport. NAME THE SIX MAIL CHANNELS INTRODUCED AND WHY WERE THEY INTRODUCED.: NAME THE SIX MAIL CHANNELS INTRODUCED AND WHY WERE THEY INTRODUCED. Six mail channels were introduced for quick delivery of mails in large towns and cities. They are : i. Rajdhani Channel, ii. Metro Channel, iii. Green Channel, iv. Business Channel, v. Bulk Mail Channel vi. Periodical Channel. WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF MASS COMMUNICATION?: WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF MASS COMMUNICATION? Importance of mass communication: Mass communication provides entertainment. They create awareness among people about various national programmes and policies. They provide variety of programmes in national, regional and local languages for various categories of people, spread over different parts of the country. They strengthen democracy in the country by providing news and information to the masses. They help in rural development which is suffering from illiteracy and superstitious social practices. It helps in agriculture sector by helping farmers by providing them information about new agricultural practices. Doordarshan is the national television channel of India. It is one of the largest terrestrial networks in the world. The largest numbers of newspapers published in the country are in Hindi, followed by English and Urdu. India is the largest producer of feature films in the world. Trade : Trade WHAT IS TRADE? WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF TRADE?: The exchange of goods among people ,states and countries is referred to as Trade. There are three types of trade:- International trade Local trade State trade WHAT IS TRADE? WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF TRADE? Define international trade. Why is it called economic barometer? : Define international trade. Why is it called economic barometer? International trade is defined as the exchange of goods and services between two or more countries. It is also considered as economic barometer because advancement of international trade of a country leads to economic prosperity. Income earned from international trade constitutes a major part in the net national income. Large international trade leads to revival of domestic economy. WHAT IS BALANCE OF TRADE?: WHAT IS BALANCE OF TRADE? T he balance of trade is the difference between export and import . Export- shipping of the goods and services out of the port of a country. Import- bringing of in the goods and services into the port of a country. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF BALANCE OF TRADE?: WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF BALANCE OF TRADE? When the value of exports exceeds the value of import is termed as Favorable balance trade. When the value of imports exceeds the value of exports is termed as Unfavorable balance trade. DEFINE BALANCE OF TRADE. DISTINGUISH BETWEEN FAVOURABLE AND UNFAOURABLE BALANCE OF TRADE. : DEFINE BALANCE OF TRADE. DISTINGUISH BETWEEN FAVOURABLE AND UNFAOURABLE BALANCE OF TRADE. The difference between export and import is known as balance of trade. Difference between favourable and unfavorable balance of trade: If the value of exports is more than the value of imports, it is called favourable balance of trade. And if the value of imports is greater than the value of exports it is known as unfavorable balance of trade. Favourable balance of trade is regarded good for the economic development where as unfavorable balance of trade is seen harmful for the domestic economy. NAME THE MAJOR COMMODITIES WHICH INDIA IMPORTS AND EXPORTS.: NAME THE MAJOR COMMODITIES WHICH INDIA IMPORTS AND EXPORTS . Major Exports: Manufactured goods such as gems and jewellery and ready made garments. Agriculture and allied products such as jute, spices, rubber. Petroleum products paints, synthetic fibres. Ores and Minerals such as iron ore, mica. Major Imports: Petroleum and petroleum products such as crude oil, natural gas, synthetic raw materials. Pearls and precious stone Inorganic chemicals coal, coke and briquettes Machinery TOURISM: TOURISM WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF TOURISM AS TRADE?: WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF TOURISM AS TRADE? Importance of tourism as a trade: Tourism in India earns huge Foreign exchange. Over 2.6 million foreign tourists visit India every year. More than 15 million people are directly engaged in the tourism industry. Tourism also promotes national integration, It provides support to local handicrafts and cultural pursuits. It also helps in the development of international understanding about our culture and heritage. Foreign tourists visit India for heritage tourism, eco tourism, adventure tourism, cultural tourism, medical tourism and business tourism. Rajasthan, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir and temple towns of south India are important destinations of foreign tourists in India. There is vast potential of tourism development in the north-eastern states and the interior parts of Himalayas, but due to strategic reasons these have not been encouraged so far.