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                Capacity building for the compilation of accounting data in all institutions and agencies within general government sector in the context of e-government Twinning number: TR/2005/IB/ST/01   Turkish Ministry of Finance and    Italian Ministry of the Economy and Finance


Italian Project Organization ITALIAN PROJECT LEADER – Mr Fabrizio MOCAVINI Responsible for overall project management. Supports the RTA and pool of experts team RESIDENT TWINNING ADVISOR (RTA) – Mr. Antonio NASTRUCCI POOL OF EXPERTS Short term experts (STE) used during the project in order to guarantee the successful implementation. Italian MEF will make available all the resources (expert) needed. Additional experts available. All experts will be proposed by the RGS project Committee and approved jointly with the Turkish partners RGS PROJECT COMMITTEE – The implementation of the project will be followed by a Committee (within the RGS) composed by: Mr Luigi PACIFICO - Head of Committee (Italian State Budget Director) Mr Carlo CONTE – component (General Director) Mr Giovanni DE SIMONE – component (General Director) Mr Fabrizio MOCAVINI – component (Project Leader). This committee aims at fine tuning the Italian contribution to the project.


Italy, like other EU countries, has had to reform its public accounting system and reclassify its national accounts.   In order to take full advantage of the 1997 reform of the national budget, a working committee was set up to reclassify national budget accounts according to ESA95 guidelines. The committee included the National Statistical Institute, the Ministry of Economy, the Central Bank and the Court of Accounts (Supreme Audit Institution).  The Italian experience


The goal of the group was to arrive: on the one hand, by means of ESA95-compliant economic classifications of national revenues and expenses, to a more accurate identification of the human, material and financial resources, classified by their economic nature, available to the public administration for achieving its objectives on the other hand by means of COFOG (classification of function of Governement) to measure the expenditures for each ACTIVITY. The Italian experience

The Italian experience: 

The Italian experience Italy’s membership of European Monetary Union has encouraged a concentration on the presentation of budget data consistent with ESA 95, which requires consolidation of all general government activity on an accrual basis. For these reason were enhanced rules on harmonisation of the accounting rules and classification for all general government entities, and rules for the timeless transmission to the RGS of the data.


Strong points of Italian system unitary and accurate cash situation of the whole general Government; daily cash management trend for central and local Governments; it gives gives precious informations for the cash forecast and the optimization of debt issueance policy; State Budget for center of responsibilities (accrual modified and cash basis) and cost accounting system (principle of accountability and objective-oriented) consolidate public administration accounts in compliance with EU standards (ESA 95) according to the accrual principle; Electronic payment orders and Sophisticated IT management system (SIOPE)

SIOPE Project on Information system of public entities cash operations : 

SIOPE Project on Information system of public entities cash operations Recently Italy introduced the SIOPE (Sistema Informativo delle Operazioni degli Enti Pubblici) (Information system of public entities cash operations)in order to obtain information from lover levels of government and other entities of General Government within the process of decentralisation; This procedure, based on inter-bank network, allows to get information in real time about cash operations disposed by all public institutions without being oblige to wait for the publication of quarterly or annual reports. Each operation is recorded by the treasurers (commercial banks) through SPECIAL CODES which identify the beneficiary and the kind of each operation according to economic (ESA95) and functional classification (COFOG);


SIOPE – Information flow chart Central Government Regions Local authorities Universities Other public entities ISTAT Reporting


Italian MEF–RGS previous project experience   Twinning project with Lithuania   named “Budget management and financial control”; focused mainly on accounting, budgeting and control systems;   Twinning project with Romania   - named “Improvement of the organization and performance of the public accounting system”; focused on: accounting procedures; reclassification of the State Budget according to ESA 95 standards; introducing a cost accounting system by programmes study in depth of IPSAS


General objectives   The improvement of quality, transparency and accountability of public sector management within Turkish general government in conformity with NPAA commitments Specific objectives   will be achieved carrying out the following components:   Revision of Secondary legislation (Component 1) Drafting of consolidated statements (Component 2) IT systems (Component 3) Training (Component 4) Twinning project goals


Component 1 To revise and prepare secondary legislation to ensure effective implementation of the related provisions in the PFMCL; Revision of Secondary legislation Activities Covering detailed chart of accounts in accordance with the related provisions in the PFMCL ; Adopting the methodologies in the legislation regarding to producing statistical tables, in particular Eurostat Tables regarding to general government sector, from accounting data in line with ESA 95 and international standards ; Adopting the methodological principles regarding the elaboration and presentation of budget implementation. Results


Component 2 Revision of the classification of government accounts and framework chart of accounts (classification of assets and liabilities [including contingent liabilities]). Produce consolidated statement of financial performance for general government. Produce consolidated statement of financial position for general government that includes current assets and fixed assets as well as liabilities and equity. Produce consolidated cash flow statement for general government that provides a summary of cash receipts and cash payments during the reporting period. Drafting of consolidated statements Activities Government accounting and reporting standards prepared: introducing the new concepts of functional independence for the statisticians preparing Government Finance Statistics (GFSs); developing a manual on the data dissemination methods (internet, hardcopy etc.): understandability, relevance, reliability, and comparability. Results


Component 3 Improve, in collaboration with twinning partner, the existing software package developed by technical experts of GDPA. Enhance, in collaboration with twinning partner, the current integrated accounting data collection system based on say2000i system (web-based automation system) established by technical experts of GDPA. Transform accounting data into statistical data in accordance with ESA95 standards. IT systems Activities Data collection software developed: Establishing consolidated software system for collecting accounting data and transforming them into statistical tables. Results


Training for trainers; Prepare model training programmes and materials developed for accounting staff and statisticians to produce general government statistics in accordance with EU standards; Provide direct training to accounting staff and statisticians in GDPA and related public administrations on general government statistics, government financial reporting from the point of ESA95 (and related EC Regulations) and generally accepted accounting standards. Train 50 personnel in GDPA regarding the elaboration of the consolidated financial statements and the consolidated reports related to the budget implementation. Component 4 Training Activities Training prepared and delivered Model training materials and schedules for accounting staff to be trained within the scope of this project. Results


Component 4 Organize conference, workshops and/or seminars to introduce the new government accounting and reporting system to public and/or government officials. Provide study visit for ten government account experts and GDPA staff for a period of three months in selected EU Member States for reviewing the implementation of EU standards. Organize study visits for two weeks five times a year for 5 personnel consisting of GDPA senior officials, government account experts and an official from MoF EU Coordination Unit to Member States for reviewing the implementation of EU standards in EU institutions. Train 5000 civil servants within the general government units defined in Law No: 5018 through arranging workshops. Establish cooperation and subject matter discussions with other public bodies like the SIS and other stakeholders. Training Activities Training prepared and delivered Model training materials and schedules for accounting staff to be trained within the scope of this project. Results


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