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Warm Up -- Types of Sentences: Simple Sentence: A simple sentence is made of one independent clause (a group of words that can stand alone as a sentence). It may have more than one subject or more than one predicate. It may have phrases also. Examples: Billy took the boys fishing after school. Today was hot and dry. 2. Compound Sentence: A compound sentence is a sentence made of two or more simples sentences joined by a semicolon or a comma and the conjunctions and, but, or , nor, for, so, or yet. It can contain two or more independent clauses. Examples: Gladis took the car to the mechanic, but she forgot to bring her checkbook. We ate a large breakfast; then we skipped lunch.




“ROMANCE” - Our word romance actually comes from the French word roman, which is similar in meaning to our word novel – that is, a long work of fiction. - It did not originally have any connection to love! - However, pure, unrequited love is an essential element of “chivalry,” and chivalry is the core of medieval romance


Medieval Romance Narratives based in fantasy Tell of strange, sometimes supernatural events in exotic settings Adventure stories that feature: kings, knights, and damsels in distress Usually involve quests, battles, and doomed love Based on legends (anonymous traditional stories about the past) These legends most often contain heroic figures/memorable deeds, quests/contests/tests, and patterned events


Feudalism System of both government and landownership In exchange for a nobleman’s oath of loyalty, a king would give him land The nobleman ruled his land, judging legal cases, imposing taxes, and maintaining an army A knight swore his loyalty to one of these “lords” (land-owning noblemen) As an expression of the ideals of honor, the nobles developed a code of conduct called “chivalry”


What is chivalry?


Chivalry was an idealization of virtue, a combination of military excellence, courtesy, justice, godliness, and honor. All of this was crafted during a dark time in history. Think back to our introduction to the Middle Ages...why were these times considered “dark?”


The Code of Chivalry


Live to serve King and Country. Live to defend Crown and Country and all it holds dear. Live one's life so that it is worthy of respect and honor. Live for freedom, justice and all that is good. Never attack an unarmed foe. Never use a weapon on an opponent not equal to the attack. Never attack from behind. Avoid lying to your fellow man.


Avoid cheating. Avoid torture. Administer justice. Protect the innocent. Exhibit self control. Show respect to authority. Respect women. Exhibit Courage in word and deed.


Destroy evil in all of its monstrous forms. Crush the monsters that steal our land and rob our people. Fight with honor. Avenge the wronged. Never abandon a friend, ally, or noble cause. Die with valor. Always keep one's word of honor. Always maintain one's principles.


"To be soaked in one's own sweat and blood, that I call the true bath of honor." - Henry of Laon


Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Page: 162


When a knight was covered in his armor it was hard to tell one knight from another. Friends could be mistaken for an enemy and killed. Knights began wearing symbols on their shields to let people know who they were. Over time these symbols became known as coats of arms. Noble families began to use these symbols on everything from flags to clothing to jewelry. They were also carved above castle gates.

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