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Epidemiology of Sports Injuries: 

Epidemiology of Sports Injuries

Injury Epidemiology: 

Injury Epidemiology study of the types and frequency of injuries this is done to: identifies type of health care needed for a sport identifies risk factors in a sport identifies ways to prevent injuries identifies ways to treat injuries

Sports Injury Surveillance Systems: 

Sports Injury Surveillance Systems National Athletic Injury Reporting System (NAIRS) NCAA Injury Surveillance System National Electronic Injury Surveillance System Centers for Disease Control (CDC) The National Football Head and Neck Injury Registry The National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research

Injury Trends: 

Injury Trends Team Sports nature of team & type of playing surface Individual Sports injury rate not as high as team sports Projectile Sports frequent extremity problems Body-Movement Sports frequent overuse injuries

Sport Classification by Risk: 

Sport Classification by Risk Collision Contact Noncontact

NATA High-Risk Sports: 

NATA High-Risk Sports Football Basketball Gymnastics Hockey Lacrosse Rodeo Rugby Soccer Volleyball Wrestling

Lower Risk Sports: 

Lower Risk Sports Baseball and softball Track & field Tennis Golf Swimming & diving

Intrinsic Risk Factors: 

Intrinsic Risk Factors All sports contain some type of risk of injury. All individuals also have intrinsic risk factors – that athletic trainers need to have knowledge about in order to prevent and treat injuries. 4 intrinsic risk factors Age Gender Psychological state Medical conditions

Age Risk Factors: 

Age Risk Factors Young athletes growth plate injuries Osgood-Schlatter Disease Older athletes osteoporosis - falls overuse injuries

Gender Risk Factors: 

Gender Risk Factors Male & female athletes can have gender specific injuries – genitalia Women Female Triad disordered eating amenorrhea osteoporosis

Psychological Risk Factors: 

Psychological Risk Factors High amounts of stress can lead to injury. Injuries can lead to stress. Athletic trainers need to be aware of unusual personality traits, sudden changes in personality, other concerns for psychological health.

Medical Condition Risk Factors: 

Medical Condition Risk Factors Athletic trainers need to be aware of the medical conditions of their athletes – so the risks of participation can be reduced. Examples: asthma, diabetes, scoliosis, visual problems, communicable diseases, etc Athletes with disabilities & spinal cord injured

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