Software Testing Techniques: An Overview

Category: Education

Presentation Description

Are you sure you're well versed with the intricate details of the techniques involved in software testing? Via this PPT, get some insight on static and dynamic software testing techniques, white box testing, and black box testing as well stay tuned for more!


Presentation Transcript

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Software Testing Techniques

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Agenda ● What is Software Testing ● Software Testing Techniques - Static Testing - Dynamic Testing ● Types - White Box Testing - Black Box Testing Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved.

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Definition Software Testing is the process of executing a program or a system with the intent of finding errors. Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved. Image Source:

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Testing Techniques Difference between Testing Types/Levels of testing and Testing Techniques- Testing types deal with what aspect of the computer software would be tested while testing techniques deal with how a specific part of the software would be tested. Testing types mean whether we are testing the function or the structure of the software. In other words we may test each function of the software to see if it is operational or we may test the internal components of the software to check if its internal workings are according to the specification. On the other hand ‘Testing technique’ means what methods or ways would be applied or calculations would be done to test a particular feature of a software sometimes we test the interfaces sometimes we test the segments sometimes loops etc.. Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved.

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Classification Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved.

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Static Testing In Static Testing the main aim is to check whether the work being done is going as per the set standards or not. It does not involve the execution of the software. Static testing is generally in the form of : ● Reviews ● Walkthroughs ● Inspection For ➔ Source code ➔ Documentation ➔ Design Document ➔ Requirements Specification ➔ Project Plan and other project related documents The goal of static testing is to prevent defects as early as possible. Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved.

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Dynamic Testing ● It refers to examination of an application’s response from the system to variables that are not constant and change with time. ● It involves working with the software giving input values and checking if the output is as expected. ● White Box and Black Box are two major Dynamic Testing methodologies. Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved.

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White Box Testing ● It is a testing technique where the internal working of an application is tested. ● White box testing uses specific knowledge of programming code to examine outputs. The test is accurate only if the tester knows what the program is supposed to do. ● White-box testing can be applied at the unit integration and system levels of the software testing process and is usually done at the unit level. ● Also called as glass structural clear box or transparent box testing. Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved.

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Black Box Testing ● Test cases are built around specifications and requirements i.e. what the application is supposed to do. It uses external descriptions of the software including specifications requirements and designs to derive test cases. ● The tester never examines the programming code and does not need any further knowledge of the program other than its specifications. Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved.

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White Box and Black Box Testing Techniques Black Box testing techniques: ● Boundary value analysis ● Equivalence Partitioning ● Race Conditions ● Error Guessing White Box testing techniques: ● Path Testing ○ Line Coverage ○ Branch Coverage ○ Condition Coverage ● Cyclomatic Complexity ● Control Structure Testing ● Loop Testing Copyright © by QA InfoTech. All rights reserved.

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