Bronx health disparities

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Health Disparities inthe Bronx and New York City: 

Health Disparities in the Bronx and New York City A.H. Strelnick, MD Department of Family andamp; Social Medicine Albert Einstein College of Medicine (These slides were provided by Dr. Jane Bedell, Assistant Commissioner, South Bronx District Health Office, New York City Department of Health andamp; Mental Hygiene)

What is health?: 

What is health? Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization, 1948 (the Definition has not been amended since 1948)

What is Public Health?: 

What is Public Health? Public health is the science and art of preventing diseases, prolonging life, and promoting health through the organized efforts of society.

Slide4: 


Smoking Prevalence in the Bronx, 2002: 

Smoking Prevalence in the Bronx, 2002 Healthy People 2010 Goal: 12%

Slide6: 


Slide7: 


Cancer Screening inthe Bronx vs. NYC, 2002: 

Cancer Screening in the Bronx vs. NYC, 2002 Healthy People 2010 Goal: 90%

HIV & AIDS Cases in the Bronx, 2003: 

HIV andamp; AIDS Cases in the Bronx, 2003 Figures as of 9/30/2003

Rates of People Living w/HIV & AIDS in the Bronx vs. NYC vs. US, 2001: 

Rates of People Living w/HIV andamp; AIDS in the Bronx vs. NYC vs. US, 2001 Figures as of 12/31/01

Rates of New HIV Diagnoses in The Bronx vs. NYC vs. US, 2001: 

Rates of New HIV Diagnoses in The Bronx vs. NYC vs. US, 2001 Figures as of 12/31/01

Obesity Prevalence in NYC2002, by UHF District: 

Obesity Prevalence in NYC 2002, by UHF District

Percent of Overweight NYC Residents (BMI > 25), by Borough, 2003 : 

Percent of Overweight NYC Residents (BMI andgt; 25), by Borough, 2003

Percent of Obese NYC Residents (BMI > 30), by Borough, 2003 : 

Percent of Obese NYC Residents (BMI andgt; 30), by Borough, 2003

Percent of Overweight Bronx Residents (BMI > 25), by UHF District, 2003: 

Percent of Overweight Bronx Residents (BMI andgt; 25), by UHF District, 2003

Percent of Obese Bronx Residents (BMI > 30), by UHF District, 2003: 

Percent of Obese Bronx Residents (BMI andgt; 30), by UHF District, 2003

Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes in NYC2002, by UHF District: 

Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes in NYC 2002, by UHF District

Slide18: 

Percent of NYC Residents with Diagnosed Diabetes, by Borough, 2003

Percent of Bronx Residents w/ Diagnosed Diabetes, by UHF District, 2003: 

Percent of Bronx Residents w/ Diagnosed Diabetes, by UHF District, 2003

Percent of All Bronx Adults Who Report One or More Binge Drinking Episodes, 2003>5 Drinks per Month (by UHF District): 

Percent of All Bronx Adults Who Report One or More Binge Drinking Episodes, 2003 andgt;5 Drinks per Month (by UHF District)

Hospital AdmissionsRelated to Mental DisordersAge adjusted rates per 10,000 population, excluding alcohol-related, by UHF Neighborhood, 2000: 

Hospital Admissions Related to Mental Disorders Age adjusted rates per 10,000 population, excluding alcohol-related, by UHF Neighborhood, 2000

Teen Pregnancy in NYC, 2000(by UHF Neighborhood): 

Teen Pregnancy in NYC, 2000 (by UHF Neighborhood)

NYC Teen Pregnancy Rates1996-2000, by Year & Borough of Residence: 

NYC Teen Pregnancy Rates 1996-2000, by Year andamp; Borough of Residence

Slide24: 


Too Few People areGetting Flu Shots, 2003Influenza Immunizations in Past 12 Months*only people aged 50 and over: 

Too Few People are Getting Flu Shots, 2003 Influenza Immunizations in Past 12 Months *only people aged 50 and over Healthy People 2010 Goal: 90%

Slide26: 

Flu and Pneumonia Vaccinations by Bronx Neighborhood, 2003 *only people aged 50 and over

Gender and Racial Disparities in Vaccinations, Bronx, 2003Influenza Immunizations in Past 12 Months *only people aged 50 and over: 

Gender and Racial Disparities in Vaccinations, Bronx, 2003 Influenza Immunizations in Past 12 Months *only people aged 50 and over Healthy People 2010 Goal: 90%

Gender and Racial Disparitiesin Vaccinations, Bronx, 2003 Pneumococcus Immunizations in Lifetime *only people aged 50 and over: 

Gender and Racial Disparities in Vaccinations, Bronx, 2003 Pneumococcus Immunizations in Lifetime *only people aged 50 and over Healthy People 2010 Goal: 90%

Slide29: 


Trends in NYC Asthma HospitalizationsRates per 1,000 persons, 1990-2000, All Ages: 

Trends in NYC Asthma Hospitalizations Rates per 1,000 persons, 1990-2000, All Ages

Asthma Hospitalizations in The BronxHospitalization rate of children under age 15,per 1,000 population, by UHF neighborhood, 2002: 

Asthma Hospitalizations in The Bronx Hospitalization rate of children under age 15, per 1,000 population, by UHF neighborhood, 2002

Asthma Hospitalization Rates in Children Aged 0-14 in NYC, US, and South Bronx (2002): 

Asthma Hospitalization Rates in Children Aged 0-14 in NYC, US, and South Bronx (2002) (excluding NYC)

Hospitalization rates for children in South Bronx (ages 0-14) have gone down over the past 5 years: 

Hospitalization rates for children in South Bronx (ages 0-14) have gone down over the past 5 years 27.2% decrease 45.7% decrease 60.1% decrease 36.2% decrease

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