Perception Process and Stereotypes

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Perception Process and Stereotypes: 

Perception Process and Stereotypes SFC Jones GPRMC, EO Advisor (210) 295-2353

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OVERVIEW : 

OVERVIEW The Perception Process Elements of the Perception Process Perceptual Shortcuts Characteristics of Stereotypes Sources of Stereotypes Strategies to Correct Inaccurate Perceptions

Perception Defined: 

Perception Defined The procedure by which we try to gather and interpret information about the environment that surrounds us

The Perception Process: 

The Perception Process Feedback about ourselves and others Not always based on true picture of reality We behave as though our perceptions are real

Attributes to Perception : 

Attributes to Perception Raw Data: -The information we experience Mental Process: -Is unseen but affected by things The End Product: -Our perception, sensing, or interpretation of our experience

Economizing Phenomenon : 

Economizing Phenomenon The minds ability to take in new information, mix with old information and make new ideas through quick deduction Perceptual Shortcuts First Impression View People as Constant Blaming the Victim Halo Effect Just Like Me

Self-fulfilling Prophecy : 

Self-fulfilling Prophecy A person influencing the behavior of another person by actions related to his / her expectations

Concept of Self-Fulfilling Prophecy : 

Concept of Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Individual holds the expectation that an event will occur. Believing that the expectation is correct, individuals engage in a course of action causing the event to happen “proving” their expectation as accurate.

Self-fulfilling Prophecy Cycle: 

Self-fulfilling Prophecy Cycle

Count the F’s: 

Count the F’s FEATURE FILMS ARE THE RESULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF YEARS

Stereotypes : 

Stereotypes An exaggerated belief associated with a category

Definition of Stereotypes : 

Definition of Stereotypes “Whether favorable or unfavorable, a stereotype is an exaggerated belief associated with a category… Its function is to justify our conduct in relation to that category.” SOURCE: GORDON W. ALLPORT, “ The Nature Of Prejudice”

Characteristics of Stereotypes: 

Characteristics of Stereotypes Fixed rigid ideas Over simplifications about a group or category of people Not supported by reasonable evidence Can be favorable or unfavorable Can have an adverse effect Driven by motives

Factors that Support Stereotypes: 

Factors that Support Stereotypes Socialization Process Books Mass Media Educators and Public Officials

INTERRELATIONSHIP OF PERCEPTIONS AND STEREOTYPES: 

INTERRELATIONSHIP OF PERCEPTIONS AND STEREOTYPES

Strategies to Correct Inaccurate Perceptions: 

Strategies to Correct Inaccurate Perceptions Acceptance of differences in people Active listening Provide Feedback Own your Behavior/feelings Use Inclusionary Language Avoid Stereotypes

Avoid Stereotypes: 

Avoid Stereotypes Categorizing is normal Conscious/unconscious result of social conditioning Overcome perceptions based on stereotypes Distinguish between characteristics based upon overgeneralizations and factual evidence

SUMMARY : 

SUMMARY The Perception Process Elements of the Perceptual Process Perceptual Shortcuts Characteristics of Stereotypes Sources of Stereotypes Strategies to Correct Inaccurate Perceptions

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