JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES

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Position yourself for employment

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JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES /CAREER TIPS :

JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES /CAREER TIPS Looking for a job is more than just trying to find something to fill your time or provide the money that you need to support yourself. Your job is an avenue of creative self expression in the world So it demands thoughtful, strategic approach in order to achieve desired results

SOURCES OF INFORMATION :

SOURCES OF INFORMATION Published job opportunities account for 15% of all available openings in the job market(Traditional) 85% of the jobs are not advertised (Hidden job market)

PUBLISHED SOURCES :

PUBLISHED SOURCES Newspaper adverts Ad post Placing work wanted adverts Visiting companies Human Resource offices

UNPUBLISHED SOURCES :

UNPUBLISHED SOURCES Networking Volunteering Internet Bureaus/ HR consultants Direct marketing Research Blind application

SEIZE OPPORTUNITIES AS THEY COME :

SEIZE OPPORTUNITIES AS THEY COME You can’t afford to be too choosy while searching for a job. Employers are looking for busy people . when called for interviews, it adds a lot of value to your bid if you tell the panel that you are engaged somewhere and the reverse is true. Society has put several expectation on us that make us choosy The graduates remain dependent on others as they seek for jobs that suit their statuses. Parents exacerbate the problem by outlining the kind of jobs their sons and daughters should pursue Be proactive as long as the available jobs are not harmful to your health

FIRST IMPRESSIONS IMPORTANT :

FIRST IMPRESSIONS IMPORTANT First impressions are often concluded within the first 30 seconds to 2 minutes of initial contact. These impressions last. The impressions are the major determinant of your success in building networks.

NEVER LIE TO EMPLOYER :

NEVER LIE TO EMPLOYER Telling a single lie in your job application is enough to lock you out of that job your really desire. Studies indicate that 93% of hiring managers avoid candidates however good in other aspects, who have included a noticeable lie in their application. Dishonesty and work don’t mix.

WHERE FRESH GRADUATES GET EXPERIENCE THAT MOST EMPLOYERS WANT :

WHERE FRESH GRADUATES GET EXPERIENCE THAT MOST EMPLOYERS WANT Post training internship. Be proactive and innovative Volunteer work may earn you exposure and position you for better prospects within and outside the organization Remember the connotation of temporally refers to the type of contract and may not undermine the scope of your duties. Build your own experience by engaging in something related to your career as you hunt for jobs. e.g teaching secondary school students how to write software if you are an IT graduate.

HOW EMPLOYABLE ARE YOU? :

HOW EMPLOYABLE ARE YOU? What gives you a competitive edge over other graduates with similar qualifications? The reason will lie within other skills that are desirable to employer 1. Self-reliance skills If you had participated in competitive sport, debate, drama etc. you have developed self belief, you are proactive, a good planner and that you are focused. 2. People skills If you have engaged in team sport, been a scout or guide leader, done some work e.g in a supermarket or restaurant, led some fund raising for charity initiative. Then you have people skills

HOW EMPLOYABLE ARE YOU? :

HOW EMPLOYABLE ARE YOU? 3.General employment skills When you demonstrate problem-solving skills, versatility, commitment, flexibility and good understanding of office equipment such as the computer and various software packages. Your active memberships of a club or society, participation in project assignments during studies 4. Specialist skills Accounting or other technical competencies such as IT, additional language skills perceived through your involvement in school activities such as writing for the college magazine demonstrate experience in journalism

C.V PREPARATION :

C.V PREPARATION Contents of a curriculum vitae Personal contacts/personal information Career objectives Education Work experience Membership to professional organizations Awards Interests Referees There is no standard way of preparing C.V. Different people prefer to format it differently

CAREER OBJECTIVES :

CAREER OBJECTIVES Where you are, and where you want to be Personal SWOT analysis i.e Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threat Brand/Vision/Mission Statement

KEY SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS :

KEY SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS Indicate your strengths e.g communication, interpersonal, resolving, initiating, leadership etc. Can write two professional and three personal skills

WORK EXPERIENCE :

WORK EXPERIENCE Indicate the most recent first and state the periods. Analyze your achievements and not the job description. Quote any experience gained through attachments, apprenticeship and voluntary work. Use doing verbs e.g managed, initiated, oversaw etc.

EDUCATION :

EDUCATION Indicate the colleges attended and skills gained MEMBERSHIP Mention all the organizations you are affiliated to.

REFEREES :

REFEREES Indicate two professional and one personal or as required by a particular advert. Let your referees be aware that you are quoting them and provide them with a copy of your C.V

COMMON CV MISTAKES :

COMMON CV MISTAKES Using non standard paper. A4 is appropriate Sending the resume folded not flat Printing double sided Omitting key information Burying accomplishments in long paragraphs Not customizing to the job applied for.

COVER LETTER PREPARATION :

COVER LETTER PREPARATION Any application without a cover letter is incomplete The cover letter is a self marketing device, it gives the employer the first impression of the applicant. Always introduce the main CV issue Match your skills with the job requirements Use powerful action verbs Should be one page Be persuasive If possible address it to person responsible for hiring

PREPARATION FOR THE INTERVIEW :

PREPARATION FOR THE INTERVIEW Make note of the following information, being certain that it is accurate and keep the notation with you. The full name of the organization The exact time of the interview The route you will take to get to the interview A generous estimation of the maximum time it will take to get there Plan what you will wear. Do whatever else is necessary to look your best

ITEMS TO TAKE TO THE INTERVIEW:

ITEMS TO TAKE TO THE INTERVIEW A pen and note paper Two or more copies of your resume Originals of your certificates Plan to arrive 15 minutes early

THE INTERVIEW :

THE INTERVIEW Walk into the office briskly and greet the interviewer by name Take your cue from the interviewer; if the interviewer moves to shake hands, do so, but not unless he or she makes the first gesture wait until you are offered a chair before you sit down Your hand shake should be firm and dry. Make sure your right hand is free From time to time look the interviewer in the eye rather than stare at the floor, at the ceiling or in the middle distance Smile at appropriate times, it makes you look friendly and confident

ENDING THE INTERVIEW :

ENDING THE INTERVIEW Be alert to signals that the interview is almost at an end; sum up your interest briefly and stop Ask when the decision will be made regarding the position and whether you might telephone on a particular date at a certain time to enquire about the decision Smile, express appreciation for the interviewer’s time and leave promptly Be sure to thank the employer’s secretary or receptionist on the way out

DO’S :

DO’S Be confident Arrange your documents well and neatly Listen to the questions well Be calm Ask questions to be repeated when not clear Ask for time to organize your answers when necessary Be honest and consistent in your answers Look prepared throughout the session Be neat and tidy

DON’TS :

DON’TS Never take anyone with you to the interview Don’t try to be funny, and don’t chew gum or smoke even if the interviewer invites you to Don’t pile your belongings on the interviewer’s desk or move the chair around when you sit down Don’t say “I’ll do anything” or ask someone to employ you because you need a job Never make a slighting reference about a former employer, professor, acquaintance or anyone else

DON’TS :

DON’TS Don’t volunteer negative information about yourself Avoid discussing topics unrelated to the job Avoid showing strong feelings Don’t argue with the interviewer

AFTER THE INTERVIEW :

AFTER THE INTERVIEW As soon as possible after finishing an interview, analyze what happened. Write a brief note to the interviewer expressing appreciation for the time he or she gave you and explaining in as few words as possible your continuing interest in the position. Certainly if you arranged to do so, and even if you did not, telephone the interviewer a few days later and inquire about the status of your application

TYPES OF INTERVIEW :

TYPES OF INTERVIEW TELEPHONE INTERVIEWS Tone of your voice very important Have your C.V near you Avoid monotone Smile as you speak

SERIAL INTERVIEW :

SERIAL INTERVIEW Often similar questions will be asked Pace yourself to avoid showing fatigue Look fresh throughout Remember the last person in the chain is the hiring person Be consistent in your responses View the serial interview as an opportunity to meet a wider cross-section of the top managers or colleagues in an organization

GROUP INTERVIEW :

GROUP INTERVIEW Maintain good social skills Maintain eye contact when responding to a question Direct your response to the panelist who asked the question Do not panic

FREQUENTLY/COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS :

FREQUENTLY/COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS Why do you want this job? Why do you want to join our organization? Describe a situation in which you led a team? Describe a situation where you worked in a team? What do you expect to be doing in 5 years time? What are your weaknesses/how would your worst enemy describe you? Who else have you applied to /got interviews with?

COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS:

COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS Why did you choose your university and what factors influenced your choice? Tell me about yourself? What attracts you to this company/position? What makes you think you are the best qualified for this position? What contribution will you make to this Co.? What salary are you looking for in this position? Do you have any question?

QUESTIONS YOU CAN ASK :

QUESTIONS YOU CAN ASK Is there a fixed period of training for graduates? I see it is possible to switch job functions; how often does this happen? How often is a graduate’s performance appraised? What is a typical career path in this job function?

QUESTIONS YOU CAN ASK :

QUESTIONS YOU CAN ASK Will I be working in a team? If so, what is the make of these teams? What are the travel/mobility requirements for this job? Can you give me more details of your training programmes? Do you send your managers on external training courses?

REASONS WHY you WONT GET AN INTERVIEW :

REASONS WHY you WONT GET AN INTERVIEW If you only focus on the big companies e.g. Google You don’t follow given instructions You haven't updated your CV Your cover letter isn't enticing Your application documents have errors You don’t know who to send your CV You don’t network

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