Maritain, Gilson, John Paul II

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

An introductory session on the perennial relevance of Saint Thomas Aquinas' philosophy, which shows the harmony between intelligence and faith

Comments

Presentation Transcript

The New Thomist Movement :

The New Thomist Movement Saint Thomas Aquinas still has got fans! Jacques Maritain (1882-1973) Etienne Gilson (1884-1978) Blessed John Paul II (1920-2005)

What does Neo-Thomism mean? :

What does Neo-Thomism mean? In The Angelic Doctor (1930), Jacques Maritain summarized his position into eight points

What does Neo-Thomism mean? :

What does Neo-Thomism mean? There is a Thomistic philosophy, not a neo- Thomist philosophy Thomism does not imply a return to the Middle Ages Thomism seeks to use reason to distinguish truth from falsehood; not to destroy modern thinking, but to purify and integrate all the truths that were discovered after St Thomas Thomism is neither right nor left, not positioned in space, but in spirit

What does Neo-Thomism mean? :

What does Neo-Thomism mean? Considering his answers, it is understandable why Maritain did not want to be named a “neo- Thomist ” but a “ paleo-Thomist ,” a faithful disciple of St. Thomas. Maritain is simply continuing the work that St Thomas did.

Are “individual” & “person” the same? :

Are “individual” & “person” the same? Individual “that which excludes all other men from oneself” “always threatened and always driven to monopolize things for himself” narrowness of the self

Are “individual” & “person” the same? :

Are “individual” & “person” the same? Person Intertwines the body and spirit Unity of selfhood Characterized primarily by his capacity for self-sacrifice on behalf of freedom and love

Do societies recognize the individual or the person?:

Do societies recognize the individual or the person? There may be societies that do not consider man to be a person ( liberal bourgeois individualism ) Or societies that overvalue itself over the individual ( totalitarianism ) Thomism’s moderate realism favours a society of persons that satisfies the needs of men and women as biological individuals, based on the respect for the human person as something that transcends the biological needs an earthy society itself

How does Maritain view history?:

How does Maritain view history? In human history, God’s providential plan and human freedom intertwine mysteriously; therefore, there are no deterministic laws in history. All historical eras, as in the parable of the grain of wheat, have positive and negative aspects, which are to be judged against man’s goal: knowledge of the truth and the practice of good morals.

What is Christian Philosophy?:

What is Christian Philosophy? Etienne Gilson is the champion par excellence of “Christian philosophy”

What is Christian Philosophy?:

What is Christian Philosophy? Christian philosophy is the use that the Christian makes of philosophical reflection in his efforts to turn the believed truth into an intellectually and reasonably understood truth.

What is Christian Philosophy?:

What is Christian Philosophy? In his theological studies, the Fathers of the Church and St Thomas Aquinas accomplished an outstanding philosophical labour for the sake of theology , enriching one and the other.

Fides et ratio, no. 43:

Fides et ratio, no. 43 “When Christian thinkers were re-discovering the treasures of ancient philosophy especially of Aristotle, Saint Thomas Aquinas had great merit in giving harmony between faith and reason. Both come from God, and hence there can be no contradiction between them.”

Fides et ratio, no. 43:

Fides et ratio, no. 43 “Thomas recognized that philosophy could contribute to understanding Divine Revelation. Faith therefore has no fear of reason, but seeks it out and trusts in it. Just as grace builds on nature and brings it to fulfilment, so faith builds upon and perfects reason.”

authorStream Live Help