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Focus Area 19:Nutrition and OverweightProgress Review: 

Focus Area 19: Nutrition and Overweight Progress Review January 21, 2004

Impact of Nutrition and Overweight on the Health of Americans: 

Impact of Nutrition and Overweight on the Health of Americans Dietary factors are associated with 4 of the 10 leading causes of death (CHD, some types of cancer, stroke, and type 2 diabetes) These diet-related conditions are estimated to cost society over $200 billion annually in medical expenses and lost productivity Dietary factors are associated with osteoporosis, which affects over 25 million persons in the U.S.

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Healthy weight in adults Obesity in adults Overweight or obesity in children and adolescents Growth retardation in children Weight Status and Growth Nutrition and Overweight Objectives Fruit intake Vegetable intake Grain product intake Saturated fat intake Total fat intake Sodium intake Calcium intake Food and Nutrient Consumption Schools, Worksites, and Nutrition Counseling Meals and snacks at school (dev.) Worksite promotion of nutrition education and weight management Nutrition counseling for medical conditions Food Security Food security Iron Deficiency and Anemia Iron deficiency in young children and in females of childbearing age Anemia in low-income pregnant females Iron deficiency in pregnant females (dev.)

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19-1. Healthy weight in adults 19-2. Obesity in adults 19-3. Overweight or obesity in children and adolescents 19-5. Fruit consumption 19-6. Vegetable consumption 19-7. Grain consumption Highlighted Objectives

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Obj. 19-1 Total Female Male White Black Mexican American 2010 Target 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Percent Adults at a Healthy Weight 1988-94 to 1999-2000 Note: Data are for ages 20 years and over, age adjusted to the 2000 standard population. Healthy weight is defined as 18.5andlt;BMIandlt;25.0. Black and white exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Persons of Mexican-American origin may be any race. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. 1999-2000

Trends in Adult Obesity: 

Trends in Adult Obesity Percent Males Females 1960-62 1971-74 1976-80 1988-94 1999-2000 Obj. 19-2 Percent Note: Data are for ages 20 years and over, age adjusted to the 2000 standard population. Obesity is defined as BMI andgt;= 30.0. Source: National Health Examination Survey, National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys I, II, III and 1999-2000, NCHS, CDC. . Total

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Obj. 19-2 Total White Female Male Black Female Male Mexican American Female Male 2010 Target Adult Obesity: 1988-94 to 1999-2000 0 10 20 30 40 50 Note: Data are for ages 20 years and over, age adjusted to the 2000 standard population. Obesity is defined as BMI andgt;= 30.0. Black and white exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Persons of Mexican-American origin may be any race. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. Percent 1988-94

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Obj. 19-2 With disabilities Without disabilities With self-reported diabetes Without self-reported diabetes 20-39 years 40-64 years 65+ years 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Note: Data are for ages 20 years and over, age adjusted to the 2000 standard population. Obesity is defined as BMI andgt;= 30.0. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. Percent 2010 Target 1988-94 Adult Obesity: 1988-94 to 1999-2000

Changes in Prevalence of Adult Obesity: 

Changes in Prevalence of Adult Obesity andgt;= 25% 20-24% 15-19% 10-14% andlt;10% No data Note: Data are for ages 18 years and over, based on self-reported weight and height via telephone interview. Obesity is defined as BMI andgt;= 30.0. Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, NCCDPHP, CDC. Obj. 19-2

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Distribution of Body Mass Index Among Men 60-79 Years Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, NCHS, CDC. Percent

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Distribution of Body Mass Index Among Women 60-79 Years Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, NCHS, CDC. Percent

Trends in Child and Adolescent Overweight: 

Percent 1963-67 1971-74 1976-80 1988-94 Obj. 19-2 Percent Males 12-19 Females 12-19 Trends in Child and Adolescent Overweight Note: Overweight is defined as BMI andgt;= gender- and weight-specific 95th percentile from the 2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States. Source: National Health Examination Surveys II (ages 6-11) and III (ages 12-17), National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys I, II, III and 1999-2000, NCHS, CDC. 1999-2000 1966-70 Females 6-11 Males 6-11

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Obj. 19-3c Total Female Male White Black Mexican American 0 10 20 30 Percent Child and Adolescent Overweight by Race: 1988-94 to 1999-2000 Note: Overweight is defined for ages 6-19 years as BMI andgt;= gender- and weight-specific 95th percentile from the 2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States Black and white exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Persons of Mexican-American origin may be any race. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. 2010 Target 1988-94

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Average number of servings Objs. 19-5 19-6 Fruits and Vegetables: Average Number of Daily Servings by Race: 1999-2000 Minimum Recommended Note: Data are age-adjusted to the 2000 standard population for ages 2 years and over. Black and white exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Persons of Mexican-American origin may be any race. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. Fruits Vegetables Total White Black Mexican American

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Proportion with 2+ fruit servings a day N (14) (17) (20) 25.0% + 20.0 -24.9% andlt;19.9% Fruit Consumption by State, 2002 D.C. Obj. 19-5 Note: Data are for ages 18 years and over. Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, NCCDPHP, CDC.

Proportion of Vegetable Servings 1999-2000: 

Proportion of Vegetable Servings 1999-2000 Obj. 19-6 Note: Data are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population for adults 20 years and over. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. Children 2-19 years Adults 20 years and over Target = At least 1/3 dark green/orange

Proportion of Grain Servings 1999-2000: 

Proportion of Grain Servings 1999-2000 Obj. 19-7 Children 2-19 years Adults 20 years and over Note: Data are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population for adults 20 years and over. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. Target = 1/2 whole grain

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Progress review data and slides can be found on the web at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hphome.htm

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