NATURAL VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE : NATURAL VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE PRESENTED BY- GUIDED BY-
Praveen Sharma Ms.Sheetal Chopra
9th B Project Report NATURAL VEGETATION : NATURAL VEGETATION Natural vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid & has been left undistributed by humans for a long time. This is termed as a virgin vegetation. Thus, cultivated crops and fruits, orchards from part of vegetation but not natural vegetation ECOSYSTEM : All the plants & animals in an area are interdependent & interrelated to each other in their physical environment, thus, forming an ecosystem. Human beings are also integral part o the ecosystem . The human beings utilise the vegetation and wildlife. A very large ecosystem on land having distinct types of vegetation & animal life is called a biome. The biomes are identified on the basis of plants. ECOSYSTEM TYPES OF VEGETATION : TYPES OF VEGETATION The following major types of vegetation may be identified in our country-
Tropical Mangrove Forests
Tropical Deciduous Forests
Tropical Thorn Forests
Montane Forests Tropical Rain Forest : Tropical Rain Forest Rainfall: above 200cm annually.
Also known as EVERGREEN FOREST.
Height of Trees : above 60m.
Don’t have specific dry spells. Tropical Deciduous Forest : Tropical Deciduous Forest Rainfall:varies between 70cm-200cm
Also called as MONSOON FOREST.
There are two types of deciduous forests:-
Shed their leaves in summers Thorn Forest : Thorn Forest Rainfall: less than 70 cm.
Vegetation is scattered.
Plants have waxy coating to prevent water loss.
Roots are deeply peniterated. Mangrove Forest : Mangrove Forest Found near deltaic and coastal regions.
Trees are bended and its stem and roots are submerged into water.
At Ganga-Brahmaputra delta they provide hard timber.
Royal Bengal Tiger is famous animal. Mountain Forests : Mountain Forests Foot hills – Deciduous forest.
Decrease in temperature with in increase in altitude leads to different types of vegetation
At 1000m-2000m of altitude : wet
At 1500m-3000m of altitude :
At 3000m-3600m of altitude : Grasslands.
At 3600m or above of altitude :Tundra
vegetation. WILDLIFE : WILDLIFE India is also rich in its fauna. It has more than 89,000 of animal species . The country has more than 1200 species of birds. The constitute 13% of the world’s total. There are 2500 species of fish, which account for nearly 12% of the world’s stock. It also shares between 5 & 8 percent of the world’s amphibians, reptiles & mammals. Slide 12: India, lying within the Indomalaya ecozone, is home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species.Many ecoregions, such as the shola forests, also exhibit extremely high rates of endemism; overall, 33% of Indian plant species are endemic. India's forest cover ranges from the tropical rainforest of India of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India to the coniferous forest of the Himalaya. Between these extremes lie the sal-dominated moist deciduous forest of eastern India; teak-dominated dry deciduous forest of central and southern India; and the babul-dominated thorn forest of the central Deccan and western Gangetic plains Important Indian trees include the medicinal neem, widely used in rural Indian herbal remedies. The pipal fig tree, shown on the seals of Mohenjo-daro, shaded the Gautama Buddha as he sought enlightenment. Importance of
Wildlife Slide 13: The need for conservation of wildlife in India is often questioned because of the apparently incorrect priority in the face of direct poverty of the people. However Article 48 of the Constitution of India specifies that, "The state shall Endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country" and Article 51-A states that "it shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures." Conservation of
Wildlife SOME WILDLIFE ANIMALS OF INDIA : SOME WILDLIFE ANIMALS OF INDIA CONCLUSION : CONCLUSION All of must realise the importance of the natural ecosystem for our own survival. It is possible if indiscriminate destruction of natural environment is put to an immediate end. BIBLIOGRAPHY : BIBLIOGRAPHY TEXT TAKEN FROM OUR SOCIAL NCERT TEXT BOOK: CONTEMPORARY INDIA-(GEOGRAPHY)
PICTURES TAKEN FROM SITE WWW.GOOGLE.CO.IN Acknowledgement : Acknowledgement I thank my teacher, who gave me this project and opportunity to express my art and views on the given topic .
She has enriched my knowledge and I promise that I’ll spread the knowledge regarding conservation of flora and fauna in my society………THANK YOU