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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: Name:- Pratik .P. Gadhiya Priyank .S. Patel Parth .L. Desai Avadh .H. Patel Subject:- MATHEMATICS Standard:- IX - BTOPIC:-: TOPIC:- BIOGRAPHY OF MATHEMATICIAN OF THE WORLDCHARLES BABBAGE: CHARLES BABBAGECHARLES BABBAGE: CHARLES BABBAGE Born :- 26 December 1791, London, England Died :- 18 October 1871 (aged 79), London, England Nationality :- English Fields :- Mathematics, analytical philosophy, computer science Institutions :- Trinity College, Cambridge Alma mater:- Peterhouse, Cambridge Known for :- Mathematics, computingBIOGRAPHY: BIOGRAPHY → Charles Babbage (26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871) was an English mathematician, philosopher, inventor, and mechanical engineer who originated the concept of a programmable computer. Considered a "father of the computer". Babbage is credited with inventing the first mechanical computer that eventually led to more complex designs. ELECTED FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY - 1816 FIRST GOLD MEDAL OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON : ELECTED FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY - 1816 FIRST GOLD MEDAL OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON Honors and AwardsHis Prominent among published works are: : His Prominent among published works are: Reflections on the Decline of Science in England (1830), On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures (1832), Ninth Bridgewater Treatise (1837), and the autobiographical Passages from the Life of a Philosopher (1864).Aryabhatta: AryabhattaAryabhatta: Aryabhatta Aryabhatta was born in 476A.D in Kusumpur, India. He was the first to expound that the Earth is round and days and nights are caused because the Earth rotates around its axis. He also rightly explained about the occurrence of the eclipses. According to the Hindu Mythology, solar and lunar eclipses occur because "Rahu" gobbled up the moon and the sun. But he said the eclipses transpired due to the shadows cast by the Earth and the Moon.Aryabhatta’s Contributions:-: Aryabhatta’s Contributions:- Aryabhatta, the greatest Indian mathematician of ancient era, has been famous for his mathematical works and theorems on astronomical bodies . "Aryabhatiya", his only work to have survived has given the world innumerable theorems and research subjects. His two other major contributions are the, introduction of zero to the world and calculating the approximate value of pie. He was the first person to say that Earth is spherical and it revolves around the sun. He gave the formula (a + b)2 = a2 + b2 + 2abAchievements in Mathematics and Astronomy:-: Achievements in Mathematics and Astronomy:- In South Asian mathematics: The role of astronomy and astrology; In India: Society and cultureCarl Friedrich Gauss: Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss: Carl Friedrich Gauss Born:- 30 April 1777 , Brunswick- Luneburg, Holy Roman Empire Died:- 23 February 1855 ,(aged 77) Gottingen Kingdom Hanover Residence:- Kingdom of Hanover Nationality:- German Fields :- Mathematics and Physics Institutions:- University of GottingenBiography: Biography Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy and optics. Sometimes referred to as "the Prince of Mathematicians" or "the foremost of mathematicians" and "greatest mathematician since antiquity," Gauss had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians. He referred to mathematics as "the queen of sciences."Carl F Gauss’s contribution: Carl F Gauss’s contribution Carl F Gauss has made a number of contributions to Mathematics and Physics including number theory, differential geometry, geodesy, magnetism, astronomy and optics. Gauss also contributed to statistics, defining what is now called the Gaussian, or normal, distribution. This gave statisticians the measure of the "standard deviation", a way to measure spread of data in relation to the mean. Gauss put forward definitions for i, the imaginary number. He proved that all roots of algebraic questions are "complex numbers" in the form a+bi (where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of -1).Archimedes: ArchimedesArchimedes : Archimedes Born:- 287 BC, Syracuse, Sicily Magna Graecia Died:- 212 BC (aged around 75), Syracuse Residence:- Syracuse, Sicily Fields:- Mathematics, Physics, Engineering, Astronomy, Invention Known for:- Archimedes' Principle, Archimedes‘s screw, Levers, InfinitesimalsBiography : Biography Archimedes was born c. 287 BC in the seaport city of Syracuse, Sicily, at that time a self-governing colony in Magna Graecia. The date of birth is based on a statement by the Byzantine Greek historian John Tzetzes that Archimedes lived for 75 years. In The Sand Reckoner, Archimedes gives his father's name as Phidias, an astronomer about whom nothing is known. Plutarch wrote in his Parallel Lives that Archimedes was related to King Hero II, the ruler of Syracuse. Archimedes of Syracuse was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Among his advances in physics are the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and an explanation of the principle of the lever.Mathematical Achievements:-: Mathematical Achievements:- Sphere and Cylinder Measurement of a Circle Quadrature of the parabola, cuboids and spheroids Spirals Notations for numbers Approximation of a square root Cubic EquationsMethodologies : Methodologies The Use of Proportions Method of Exhaustion Proof by Contradiction The Use of Mechanics You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.