Plant family characteristics

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Plant family characteristics


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Plant family characteristics : 

Plant family characteristics Extra work

1.The buttercup family : 

1.The buttercup family English name: The buttercup family Latin name: Ranunculaceae 1700 species of flowering plants Largest Genera of this family are: Ranunculus, Delphinium, Thalictrum, Clematis, and Aconitum. Characteristics: herbaceous plants, with woody climbers, they usually have five colored sepals, divided leaves. The leaves are usually divided or lobed. The fruit of this family is the follicle. Follicle

Creeping buttercup (Ranunculaceae) : 

Creeping buttercup (Ranunculaceae) English name: The buttercup family Latin: Ranunculus They flower in april or may Have two different types of leaves All are poisonous Over 600 species of Ranunculus Have yellow or white flowers Habitat: overgrazed fields, fields.

Perennial flowering plants (Ranunculaceae) : 

Perennial flowering plants (Ranunculaceae) Genus with 300 species Habitat: North Africa English name: Perennial flowering plants Latin name: Delphinium Leaves are in palmate form Length: 10 cm – 2 m Have five petals Most species are toxic

herbaceous perennial flowering plants (Ranunculaceae) : 

herbaceous perennial flowering plants (Ranunculaceae) English name: herbaceous perennial flowering plants Latin name: Thalictrum Habitat: Temperate regions like Africa or Australia 120-200 species They have no petals Are small Can be used as food plants

Clematis : 

Clematis English name: Clematis Latin name: Clematis Habitat: North America Vigorous, climbing vines Some species are shrubby Most of the plants are toxic Ancient people used this plant to cure headaches and against skin infections. Approximately 325 species

Aconite (Ranunculaceae) : 

Aconite (Ranunculaceae) English name: Aconite Latin name: Aconitum Over 250 species Habitat: they live in the Northern hemisphere Palmate leaves Have 5-7 segments Can be purple, blue, yellow or pink Are poisonous.

2.The cabbage family : 

2.The cabbage family English name: The cabbage family Latin name: Brassicaceae Flowering plants Are called like this because the four petals of their flowers are reminiscent of a cross. Over 3700 species 1m – 3m Four petals They pollinate Used as food crops

Bittercress : 

Bittercress English name: Bittercress Latin name: Cardamine Habitat: Everywhere except Antarctica Petals are longer than the sepals Were used as medical treatment like heart treatment or stomach aches.

Wallflowers : 

Wallflowers English name: Wallflowers Latin name: Erysinum Over 180 species Mostly found in gardens 10-130cm Habitat: Southwest Asia, Costa Rica, North America, Europe Many insects come to suck nectar from this gena

Peppercress : 

Peppercress English name: Peppercress Latin name: Lepidum Over 175 species Habitat: Europe, some countries in Asia, USA, Mexico etc. Length: 30cm – 1m Mostly found on wetland Is used for making dipps to salads.

Alyssum : 

Alyssum English name: Alyssum Latin name: Alyssum 100-170 species Habitat: Europe, Asia and Northern Africa Herbaceous plants 10-100cm Used as food for caterpillars Have yellow or pink leaves

Whitlow-grass : 

Whitlow-grass English name: Whitlow-grass Latin name: Draba Habitat: USA, Europe Length: 10-30cm Cruciferous plant It is used in medicine. It can be used upon minor skin lacerations and fingernail inflammations.

3. Carrot family : 

3. Carrot family English name: Carrot family Latin name: Apiaceae Aromatic plants Over 3000 species Have 5 sepals, 5 petals, 5 stamens Some are very high toxic Habitat: Everywhere except Antarctica Can be cultivated in gardens Attract animals like ladybug a lot Have strong odour and smell

Anise : 

Anise English name: Anise Latin name: Pimpinella anisum Habitat: Southwest Asia and Mediterannean region Length up to one meter Leaves are white or green Have to grow in fertile soil It is used to flavor some food and drinks Also used as liquor and in medicine

Carrot : 

Carrot English name: Carrots Latin name: Daucus carota Root vegetable, eatable Color is usually orange Habitat: Europe, Southwest Asia Grows in sommer and spring Stem can grow up to 1m Uses: contain Betakaroten for bettering eyesight Used in cooking a lot.

Celery : 

Celery English name: Celery Latin name: Apium graveolens Eatable Habitat: Europe Uses: in cooking, some countris use the seeds to make oil Can be used as a spice Serves as food for guinea pigs, dogs, horses, birds etc Used also in medicine to reduce blood pressure

Fennel : 

Fennel English name: Fennel Latin name: Foeniculum vulgare Yellow flowers Habitat: Mediterannean region Can also be found in some dry soils near to water Highly aromatic and flavorful herb Used in medicine to treat baby illnesses. Also used to improve eyesight

Caraway : 

Caraway English name: Caraway Latin name: Carum Carvi Habitat: Asia, Europe and Northern Africa 20-30 cm long The plant prefers warm temp Uses: cooking Used also in liquors, casseroles and curry It is used to produce breads.

4. Legume family : 

4. Legume family English name: Legume family Latin name: Fabaceae Third largest plant family Over 19000 species Found everywhere on World After they have been fertilized, legumes appear Fruit is legume Many uses: cooking, producing oil, As insecticides, farming products

Acacia : 

Acacia English name: Acacia Latin name: Acacia Habitat: Europe, Africa Used for cooking Used in honey to give better taste Used also in medicine: Used for treating premature ejaculation Also used as ornaments in gardens.

Rattlepods : 

Rattlepods English name: Rattlepods Latin name: Crotalaria Habitat: Africa, USA, Asia In USA it is considered as weed. Used as food plants by larvae Some of rattlepods are toxic

Alfalfa : 

Alfalfa English name: Alfalfa Latin name: Medicago sativa Habitat: UK, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. Flowering plant Purple flowers Worldwide production: 435 milion tons of alfalfa

Peanut : 

Peanut English name: Peanut Latin name: Arachis hypogeae First domesticated in Paraguay Habitat: mainly South America Use: cooking China is the biggest exporter of peanuts Uses: Peanut butter, peanut oil, peanut flower etc.

Beans : 

Beans English name: Beans Latin name: Phaseolus Habitat: America, Europe, Asia Used as food plants for larvae Used in cooking

5. Lily family : 

5. Lily family English name: Lily family Latin name: Liliaceae Have linear leaves 58 million years old Ornaments plants Many of them are poisonous Live near sunny places Have capsular fruits narrow leaves

Garlic : 

Garlic English name: Garlic Latin name: Allium Grow in temperature climates Habitat: Northern hemisphere, mainly Asia, except some exceptions 5-150cm is the height Certain garlic types are poisonous for dogs and cats

Agave : 

Agave English name: Agave Latin name: agavaceae Habitat: America, some states of Europe Used as food plants for larvae Some types of agave can have negative situation on your body

Monocots : 

Monocots English name: monocots Latin name: Alliaceae Serves as food plants for larvae Habitat: South America, Canada and some types in Tibet

Liliales : 

Liliales English name: Liliales Latin name: Melanthiceae Flowering perennial herbs Habitat: North America Some liliales are toxic The top of liliales was used to kill flies

Hyacinth : 

Hyacinth English name: Hyacinth Latin name: Hyacinthaceae Botanical plant There are about 1000 different types of Hyacinth Habitat: Europe, North Europe, Northern Hemisphere Used in gardens Smellfull plant

6. Mint family : 

6. Mint family English name: Mint family Latin name: Lamiaceae Over 7200 species Aromatic plants 5 petals, 5 sepals Can be cultivated in gardens Are shrubs, trees or vines Easy to cultivate Used in cooking

Basil : 

Basil English name: Basil Latin name: Ocimum basilicum Habitat: Southeast Asia, Southern Europe, Sweet smell Tastes like anise Used in cooking Grow in tropical climate Used also to make drinks in Asia

Mint : 

Mint English name: Mint Latin name: Mentha Habitat: Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia Perennial herbs The fruit is small Used in cooking Grow best in wet environment There are 25 types of mint

Marjoram : 

Marjoram English name: Marjoram Latin name: Origanum majorana Habitat: Asia, Europe, some countries in America Romans used it for symbol of happiness It is used in cooking.

Oregano : 

Oregano English name: Oregano Latin name: Origanum vulgare Grow in warm-temperate regions Habitat: Eurasia and Mediterannean Region Leaves: 1-4cm long Length: 20-80cm Used in cooking Oregano is high in antioxidant activity.

Lavender : 

Lavender English name: Lavender Latin name: Lavandula Habitat: Southern Europe, North and East Africa and India Can be grown in gardens Used in cooking Used to make shampoos Lavender was used in WW1 to disinfect floors and walls

The potato family : 

The potato family English name: The potato family Latin name: Solanaceae Flowering plants Some of them are toxic Important source of food Used in medicine also Called sometimes the nightshade plant The fruit is a berry or a potato

Jimson weed : 

Jimson weed English name: Jimson weed Latin name: Datura stramonium 1-1,5m long Used as hallucinogen Can cause death Habitat: America Live in moist areas

Deadly nightshade : 

Deadly nightshade English name: Deadly nightshade Latin name: Atropa belladonna Habitat: Europe, North Africa and Western Asia Their berries are toxic Used as medicine, perfumes and poisons It was used as anesthetic for surgery.

Chili pepper : 

Chili pepper English name: Chili pepper Latin name: Capsicum Fruits are berries Habitat: South America, Central America, Southwest Asia Used as food and medicine Can be used as ornaments also

Potato : 

Potato English name: Potato Latin name: Solanum tuberosum Habitat: Everywhere except Antarctica Used in cooking As ornaments also China is the biggest potato supporter and exporter

Tobacco : 

Tobacco English name: Tobacco plant Latin name: Nicotiana Used in medicine Can be consumed as smoking, chewing or dipping Habitat: Whole America, Australia, Southwest Africa 5 million people die per year because of tobacco

The sunflower family : 

The sunflower family English name: sunflower family Latin name: Asteraceae More than 23000 species Are herbaceous Habitat: all around the world except Antarctica Prefer semiarid regions, and lower temperatre regions Used as material for producing oil, teas, artichokes etc Fruit of sunflower family is called cypsela

Chrysants : 

Chrysants English name: Chrysant Latin name: Chrysanthemum Habitat: Asia, Northeast Europe Used as ornaments Many types of chrysants Used as insecticides Used also for reducing air pollution

Dahlia : 

Dahlia English name: Dahlia Latin name: Dahlia 36 types of Dahlia Was used by Aztecs in ceremonies or food Serves as food plants for larvae Habitat: South America and Central America

Zinnia : 

Zinnia English name: Zinnia Latin name: Zinnias violacea Habitat: South America and Mexico Leaves are stalkless Leaves can have many colors 15cm – 1m long Attracts butterfly a lot because of their odour

Helenium : 

Helenium English name: Helenium Latin name: Helenieae Habitat: North and Central America Called also sneezeweed Used as food plants for larvae Used as snuffing

Marigold : 

Marigold English name: Marigold Latin name: Tageteae Habitat: Whole America Herbaceous plants Can have a lot of colors (leaves) Used as insecticides Used for planting plants

Grasses : 

Grasses English name: Grasses Latin name: Poaceae Over 10000 species Used as food for other animals Grass lay on 20 percent of Earth Habitat: Everywhere, except Antarctica Grasses needed to make cereals Used in lawns

Bamboo : 

Bamboo English name: Bamboo Latin name: Bambuseae Habitat: East Asia and Southeast Asia Are the largest members of grass family Used as building material

Sugarcane : 

Sugarcane English name: Sugarcane Latin name: Andropogoneae Habitat: Asia, Europe, America Grow in temperate to tropical regions Used to make sugar Also it is used to make rum and ethanol

Rice : 

Rice English name: Rice Latin name: Ehrhartodieae Habitat: Asia and South America Second highest of corn production Used for eating and cooking China is the biggest exporter

Giant reed : 

Giant reed English name: Giant reed Latin name: Arundo donax Habitat: Mediterannean region, Caribbeans and California Grow in wetland areas Highly adapted to fires

Barley : 

Barley English name: Barley Latin name: Hordeum vulgare Habitat: Europe and Africa and Asia Used in soups and in barley bread Russia is the biggest producer of barley Used as animal feeding Used also as alkohol beverages material. For example in beer or in whisky

Slide 56: 

END David Polman, 11A

Sources : 


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