Robert Meijer Urban Flood

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Forum Loire & affluents Au coeur de l'Europe des fleuves 10 décembre 2014 Echange d’expériences et transfert de savoir-faire en matière de coopération sur la gestion intégrée des bassins fluviaux. Robert Meijer Urban Flood Safer Dikes are not only stronger but also smarter

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“Strong dikes are smart dikes” a description of the 2014 knowledge:

Prof. Dr. Robert Meijer TNO & University of Amsterdam r obert.meijer@tno.nl “Strong dikes are smart dikes ” a description of the 2014 knowledge

Robert Meijer and robert.meijer@tno.nl:

Robert Meijer and robert.meijer@tno.nl University of Amsterdam: Professor Chair: applied sensor networks Advanced Telecommunications Control structures for cyber physical systems 2 1 6 3 5 4 5 5 7 8 6 6 7 2 x 3 rd National Championship 2013 TNO: Sr. Strategist Founder of IJkdijk Foundation On air 1959

URBANFLOOD SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME THEME ICT-2009.6.4 ICT for Environmental Services and Climate Change Adaptation :

URBANFLOOD SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME THEME ICT-2009.6.4 ICT for Environmental Services and Climate Change Adaptation Coördinator: Prof. dr. Robert Meijer robert.meijer @ tno.nl +31653720517 TNO NL Coordination, System Integration Univ. of Amsterdam NL Computation Cyfronet PL Workflow HR Wallingford UK Hydraulics STOWA NL Dissemination / Stakeholders Siemens RF AI, System Integration ≈ 3 M€, 1-12-09—30-11-12 “Excellent”

FP7 UrbanFlood Global monitoring of 10000s km of dikes:

FP7 UrbanFlood Global monitoring of 10000s km of dikes

UrbanFlood delivered:

UrbanFlood delivered Large scale Artificial intelligence Large scale data driven modelling Interactive decision support Information Society technologies

What we know:

What we know On a macroscopic scale, stable dikes are simple objects Dike behaves like multi-input electric circuits Active dike with drainage system Normal dike for almost all observables Piping flow Drainage flow Anomaly if circuit gets more components R C L System identification: evolution of topology and R, L, C values Transistor Resistor, capacitor, coil R C Resistor, capacitor

What we know: the ultimate smart dike is equipped with a sensor system:

We know on basis of our work: Disaster early warning 2 days before failure Lower maintenance costs Life time of sensors in dike is about 1 year Global dike monitoring system is possible Dike monitoring is a great case for information society technologies What we know: the ultimate smart dike is equipped with a sensor system

What we know: the ultimate smart dike has a drainage system:

What we know: the ultimate smart dike has a drainage system

What we know: Global dike monitoring is possible:

www.urbanflood.eu 2012 What we know: Global dike monitoring is possible

Yellow River:

AGT International & TNO Yellow River

Global Dike Monitoring Yellow river online (2012) :

Global Dike Monitoring Yellow river online (2012) 10 januari 2011 M Bouman TNO Nieuwe huisstijl 11

What we know:

What we know That smart dikes are “economical” The fundamentals of the piping failure mechanism Geophysical/hydrological/soil mechanics theory 3D+t is validated by our experiments Anomaly detection / system identification most likely works Pore pressure is nr 1 key performance parameter International collaboration is required for acceptance

Simplified model …:

Simplified model …

What we do not know:

What we do not know To construct a sensor that last for eternity System identification at the moment of failure

Q ? & A ? robert.meijer@tno.nl:

Q ? & A ? r obert.meijer@tno.nl Robert.meijer@tno.nl +31653720517

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood:

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood Evangelisation Organisation IJkdijk foundation Experiments with Dikes Dike Data Centre Man made earth quake monitor Space Dikes Smart City Amsterdam 2003 EU FP7 Urban Flood 2007 2009 2012 2005

2003:

2003 Evangelisation 2003

Evangelizing: Fieldlab IJkdijk …. a bridge between laboratory and field trial:

18 Evangelizing : Fieldlab IJkdijk …. a bridge between laboratory and field trial 1km 200m

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood:

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood Evangelisation Organisation IJkdijk foundation Experiments with Dikes Dike Data Centre Man made earth quake monitor Space Dikes Smart City Amsterdam 2003 EU FP7 Urban Flood 2007 2009 2012 2005

2007:

2007 IJkdijk foundation Experiments with Dikes 2007

Wave Simulator (end 2007) :

Wave Simulator (end 2007) 21

2008 IJkdijk Fieldlab :

2008 IJkdijk Fieldlab

Macrostability experiment 2008:

Macrostability experiment 2008

Macro(in)stability:

Macro(in)stability Stein, 2004

Cross section of dike with instrumentation:

25 25 veen – hoogteverloop onzeker Cross section of dike with instrumentation klei (toplaag) – verloop aan onderzijde onzeker 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -11 -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 DikeSurvey – vezels voor deformaties in kruin: 2 zigzaglijnen 2x50m, in berm: 3 halve bogen 3x40m USACE/RPI/Measurand MEMS voor vervormingen 3x7,772m op 35mN, midden, 35mZ IFCO/BCC Inverted pendulum 3x, op 33mN, 2mN, 33mZ TNO-ICT/Landustrie Luisterbuis boven: 100m PVC 100mm luchtgevuld onder: 100m drainagebuis 160mm watergevuld GTC Kappelmeyer actieve (verwarmde) glasvezel horizontaal: 4x100m verticaal: 10x10m, op 45mN, 35mN, 25mN, 15mN, 5mN, 5mZ, 15mZ, 25mZ, 35mZ, 45mZ Ten Cate/Inventec HydroDetect = passieve glasvezel in smalle geotextiel matten, 4x100m . . . . zand klei of zand-op-folie “zwembad” klei klei klei zandige klei zand – verloop bovenzijde onzeker 1+6 drainage/infiltratiebuizen 160mm 100m ontluchtingsbuis – drainagebuis 160mm 100m folie binnenzijde kanaaldijk W01/W02/W03 35mN/midden/35mZ P01/P02/P03 35mN/midden/35mZ Deltares referentiemonitoring 14 peilbuizen P01 t/m P14 18 waterspanningsmeters W01 t/m W18 12 vochtmeters V01 t/m V12 3 zakbaken Z01 t/m Z03 5 camera’s C01 t/m C05 visuele inspecties Posities aangegeven in dwarsdoorsnede en bovenaanzicht P04/P05 peilmeters zwembad P06 slootpeil P07 midden P08 35mN W06/W07/W08 midden W11/W12/W13 35mN W16/W17/W18 35mZ P09 kanaalpeil P10 peil in Noord-Zuidgreppel W04/W09/W14 midden/35mN/35mZ W05/W10/W15 midden/35mN/35mZ P11/P12/P13 35mZ/midden/35mN Z01/Z02/Z03 35mZ/midden/35mN P14 midden

PowerPoint Presentation:

26

PowerPoint Presentation:

11-06-2013 SDN World, Barcelona

PowerPoint Presentation:

30

Laser scan:

Laser scan

Piping experiment (2009):

Piping experiment (2009)

Piping Experiment SEP 2009:

Piping Experiment SEP 2009

PowerPoint Presentation:

35

Dec 2009:

Dec 2009

PowerPoint Presentation:

38

Sensor validation Test 2012:

Sensor validation Test 2012 39

PowerPoint Presentation:

40

PowerPoint Presentation:

41

PowerPoint Presentation:

42

Measuring real dikes Livedijk (Eemshaven Okt 2009) :

Measuring real dikes Livedijk ( Eemshaven Okt 2009) 43

LiveDijk Eemshaven:

LiveDijk Eemshaven

Summer 2015:

Summer 2015 Krakow Poland Destruction of huge dike Validate Early Warnings System Technologies Google: ISMOP dike

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood:

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood Evangelisation Organisation IJkdijk foundation Experiments with Dikes Dike Data Centre Man made earth quake monitor Space Dikes Smart City Amsterdam 2003 EU FP7 Urban Flood 2007 2009 2012 2005

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood:

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood EU FP7 Urban Flood 2009 2012 “Excellent”

Urban Flood: Artificial Intelligence tests Boston UK :

Urban Flood: Artificial Intelligence tests Boston UK

Good conditions: Tide difference upto 6m :

Good conditions : Tide difference upto 6m

What we know:

What we know On a macroscopic scale, stable dikes are simple objects Dike behaves like multi-input electric circuits Active dike with drainage system Normal dike for almost all observables Piping flow Drainage flow Anomaly if circuit gets more components R C L System identification: evolution of topology and R, L, C values Transistor Resistor, capacitor, coil R C Resistor, capacitor

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood:

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood Evangelisation Organisation IJkdijk foundation Experiments with Dikes Dike Data Centre Man made earth quake monitor Space Dikes Smart City Amsterdam 2003 EU FP7 Urban Flood 2007 2009 2012 2005

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood:

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood Dike Data Centre Man made earth quake monitor Space Dikes Smart City Amsterdam EU FP7 Urban Flood 2012

Dike Data Service Center (DDSC) Completed 2014:

Dike Data Service Center (DDSC) Completed 2014 T I J D E N S K A N A A L BOSTON UK S I N T P E T E R S B U R G R O T T E R D A M Insight in behavior of levees Actual strength Predicted strength First prototype is ready 2013 -2014 further R&D End 2014 final version DDSC

TNO SpaceDikes 2010 - … :

TNO SpaceDikes 2010 - …

New reflectors – for dikes and homes (earth quakes):

New reflectors – for dikes and homes (earth quakes) 28 cm 14.5 cm

PowerPoint Presentation:

Position of reflector in Hansje Brinker Reflectors in the tower (for descending pass)

PowerPoint Presentation:

CR Tower CR Hansje Brinker

Ultimately: 500 AquaSats:

① ② ② ② ② ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥ ⑦ ② ②a ②a ②a ⑨ ⑧ ⑩ ⑩ ⑤ ⑥a Ultimately : 500 AquaSats

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood:

Our Work Before and After UrbanFlood Evangelisation Organisation IJkdijk foundation Experiments with Dikes Dike Data Centre Man made earth quake monitor Space Dikes Smart City Amsterdam 2003 EU FP7 Urban Flood 2007 2009 2012 2005

Q ? & A ? robert.meijer@tno.nl:

Q ? & A ? r obert.meijer@tno.nl Robert.meijer@tno.nl +31653720517

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