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Estimated adult and child deaths due to HIV/AIDS from the beginning of the epidemic to end 2002: 

Estimated adult and child deaths due to HIV/AIDS from the beginning of the epidemic to end 2002 Western Europe 231 800 North Africa & Middle East 161 000 sub-Saharan Africa 21.9 million Eastern Europe & Central Asia 83 000 East Asia & Pacific 157 000 South & South-East Asia 4 million Australia & New Zealand 7 220 North America 525 000 Caribbean 314 000 Latin America 650 000 Total: 27.8 million (79% SSA)

Estimated number of adults and children newly infected with HIV during 2002: 

Estimated number of adults and children newly infected with HIV during 2002 Total: 5 million: 5 million Western Europe 30 000 North Africa & Middle East 83 000 Sub-Saharan Africa 3.5 million Eastern Europe & Central Asia 250 000 East Asia & Pacific 270 000 South & South-East Asia 700 000 Australia & New Zealand 500 North America 45 000 Caribbean 60 000 Latin America 150 000

Spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, 1987: 

Spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, 1987 Estimated % of adults (15–49) infected with HIV 16.0% – 32.0% 8.0% – 16.0% 2.0% – 8.0% 0.5% – 2.0% 0% – 0.5% trend data unavailable outside region World Health Organization UNAIDS–Addis–May 1999

Spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, 1997: 

Spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, 1997 Estimated % of adults (15–49) infected with HIV 16.0% – 32.0% 8.0% – 16.0% 2.0% – 8.0% 0.5% – 2.0% 0% – 0.5% trend data unavailable outside region World Health Organization UNAIDS–Addis–May 1999

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Changes in life expectancy in selected African countries with high HIV prevalence, 1950 to 2000 South-Africa 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 1950-55 1955-60 1960-65 1965-70 1970-75 1975-80 1980-85 1985-90 1990-95 1995-00 Life expectancy at birth, in years Botswana Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Source: United Nations Population Division, 1998

HIV prevalence among pregnant women in South Africa, 1990 to 1999: 

HIV prevalence among pregnant women in South Africa, 1990 to 1999 Source: Department of Health, South Africa 0.7 1.7 2.1 4 7.6 10.4 14.2 17 22.8 22.4 0 5 10 15 20 25 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 HIV prevalence (%)

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Homo/bisexual men Injecting drug users Persons infected heterosexually HIV infections newly diagnosed in adults/adolescents by transmission group, 1993-2001, Eastern Europe MTCT

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HIV prevalence rate among teenagers in Kisumu, Kenya, by age and sex, 1999 0 0 3.6 2.2 8.6 8.3 17.9 29.4 22 33.3 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 15 16 17 18 19 Age in years HIV prevalence (%) boys girls Source: National AIDS Programme, Kenya, and Population Council, 1999

Cumulative number of children estimated to have been orphaned by AIDS* at age 14 or younger at the end of 1999: 

Cumulative number of children estimated to have been orphaned by AIDS* at age 14 or younger at the end of 1999 Western Europe 9 000 North Africa & Middle East 15 000 Sub-Saharan Africa 12.1 million Eastern Europe & Central Asia 500 East Asia & Pacific 5 600 South & South-East Asia 850 000 Australia & New Zealand < 500 North America 70 000 Caribbean 85 000 Latin America 110 000 Total: 13.2 million (92% Africa) * HIV-negative children who have lost their mother or both parents to AIDS before the age of 15 years

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