Green Bldgs and WQ

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Presentation Transcript

Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED: 

Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED

Defining Sustainability: 

Defining Sustainability United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development “Development that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

Defining Green Buildings: 

Defining Green Buildings Design and construction practices that significantly reduce, or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and its occupants with regard to site planning; safeguarding water use and water use efficiency; promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy; conserving materials and resources; and promoting indoor environmental quality.” (US Green Building Council)

Construction Impacts: 

Construction Impacts 76 million residential buildings in US 5 million commercial buildings in US consume 40 % or raw materials 32% total energy produced 17% fresh water 25% global wood harvest 5 billion gals water/day just for toilets generates 25-40% of municipal solid waste from C&D 50% of US CFC production 30% of US CO2 production

Building Operations Impacts: 

Building Operations Impacts 49% of Sulfur Dioxide emissions 25% nitrous oxide emissions 10% of all particulate matter 1/3 of all energy consumption in US 2/3 of all electricity consumption in US disturbs natural habitats contaminates air, soil, and water depletes non-renewable resources ½ of greenhouse gases 35% of carbon dioxide emissions community issues occupant issues sources: “The Architecture of Sustainability, 2002”, World Watch Institute, USGBC

Key Issues and Benefits: 

Key Issues and Benefits Institution Building Commissioning Air Quality Occupants productivity and well being Energy Conservation Water Conservation Storm Water Management Waste Management Local & State Standards & Programs Green ethics / commitment Research and Grant opportunities Being a leader (as it should) Responsibility to show importance Competitive advantage (ie – recruiting) Institutional community demand Great public relations

Overall Financial Benefits: 

Overall Financial Benefits Energy Water Wastewater Reduced Waste Improved Indoor Environmental Quality Greater Employee Comfort/Productivity Reduced Employee Health Costs Lower Operation and Maintenance Costs Competitive First Costs Through integrated design & synergies Increased Value & ROI Marketing Advantage Reduced Liability Improve Risk Management Insurance costs

Overall Financial Benefits: 

Overall Financial Benefits Financial Benefits of a Green Building equate to $50-$70 SF over lifetime Over 10X return on any premium cost associated with building it over lifetime Source: USGBC

Air Quality: 

Air Quality Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) – effect the contents of the inside air has on a structure and its occupants People spend 90% of their time indoors Indoor air has 10-100X higher pollutants than outdoor air USEPA “Indoor Air Quality” Jan, 6 2003

Energy Conservation : 

Energy Conservation US uses 25% of world energy but only has 5% of population & 95% of our energy is from fossil fuels (US Energy Information Administration) Higher Education - $2 Billion/year on energy (American School & University) Most can reduce by up to 30% - savings can be used on: New faculty Upgrades/renovations for more savings New programs

Water Conservation: 

Water Conservation USA uses 340 billion gallons of fresh water per day Nearly 65% is discharged into waterways Energy Policy Act of 1992 Facilities can easily reduce use by 20-30% with little cost and effort Water & Sewer Bills Connection Fees & Tax Base

Occupants Well Being and Productivity: 

Occupants Well Being and Productivity Relationship exists between worker comfort/productivity and building design/operation Hidden sick days – higher absenteeism, respiratory ailments, allergies, asthma = lower productivity, higher insurance and medical costs A 1% increase in productivity (about 5 minutes per day) equals $600-700 per employee per year - a ^1.5% equals about $1,000/yr (Katz 2003 study)

Mythology About First Costs : 

Mythology About First Costs Common Perception when we started was +20-30% Past & Current Trend Recent Studies Average Premium <2% or $3-$5 SF Most of cost associated with increased architectural and engineering design, time, modeling and integration time Earlier you integrate the lower the cost

Mythology About First Costs: 

Mythology About First Costs Source: USGBC, Capital E Analysis

Mythology About First Costs: 

Mythology About First Costs Another recent study has shown the following average increase in project construction costs, on a percentage basis for LEED certification. Certified 0 – 2.5% Silver 0 – 3.3% Gold 0.3 – 5.0% Platinum 4.5 – 8.5% Start Early – Save Costs Source: Sasaki Associates 2004

Mythology About First Costs: 

Mythology About First Costs Building green can be done for no additional cost Initial premium costs are entirely up to you and project specific LEED buildings average only a 2-3% increase in costs, but can be done for the same budget as traditional buildings with planning Savings from green building’s more than return any premium you may choose to put into it Design Fees will be higher but construction costs may be reduced Set Budget first then work fees within framework

General Mythologies: 

General Mythologies Appearance of Green Buildings You design it to look how you want. It can easily match traditional campus design or not. Carpet, furniture and windows do not have to look different. They can look like traditional ones only they perform better and are healthier. Does not need to be high tech to be green. Time Green Buildings take the same amount of time to construct as regular buildings. More time may be required in the Design phase though. Costs Green Buildings do not have to cost more. With planning they can be built at the same price or less. Design fees may be higher in the beginning of the project but the extra design work will lower the actual construction costs. In the end the building costs the same and fits in the traditional budget. Normal: 2 + 2 = 4 Green: 3 + 1 = 4 Long term maintenance and operations costs can be reduced by 20 – 50% with good planning.

Green Buildings at USC: 

Green Buildings at USC West Quad Residence Hall & Learning Center School of Public Health Library Rare Books Collection & Modern Political Wings Law School New Honors College Gamma Phi Beta Sorority New Student Health Center Baseball Stadium Horizon Buildings Biomedical Buildings Arnold II Band/Dance Building Innovista

West Quad: 

West Quad

West Quad : 

West Quad $30.9M project cost - $25M const. cost 177,000 SF - $141.24/sf SAME COST & Time 502 bed spaces – 4 buildings Residential, office, academic & retail spaces Goal of LEED Silver – Achieved Reduced Construction & Change Order Costs 45%-55% More Energy Efficient = over $50,000 savings annually 20% more Water Efficient = $ 3900+ savings annually Residents comment on improved health and productivity

West Quad at USC: 

West Quad at USC Selected “Green” Project Particulars Designed to be 40% more energy efficient and to use 20% less water “Green” roof on Learning Center Fuel Cell for supplemental electricity & hot water Solar pre-heating for domestic hot water Low VOC paints and carpets & 100% Fresh Air Daylighting in all buildings Building orientation Light shelves for shading and natural lighting on southern exposures Light wells on Learning Center “Green” board in case good furnishings Total storm water management integration

US Green Building Council (USGBC): 

US Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)


USGBC’s MISSION: to promote the design and construction of buildings that are environmentally responsible, profitable, and healthy places to live and work. The organization’s activities… Integrate building industry sectors Lead market transformation Educate owners and practitioners


USGBC is... A national nonprofit organization A diverse membership of organizations Consensus-driven Committee-based product development Developer and administrator of the LEED® Green Building Rating System

What is “Green” Design?: 

What is “Green” Design? Design and construction practices that significantly reduce or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and occupants in five broad areas: Sustainable site planning Safeguarding water and water efficiency Energy efficiency and renewable energy Conservation of materials and resources Indoor environmental quality


Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design® A leading-edge system for designing, constructing, operating and certifying the world’s greenest buildings.


Why Was LEED® Created? Use as a design guideline Recognize leaders Stimulate green competition Establish market value with recognizable national “brand” Raise consumer awareness Transform the marketplace!


Facilitate positive results for the environment, occupant health and financial return Define “green” by providing a standard for measurement Prevent “greenwashing” (false or exaggerated claims) Promote whole-building, integrated design processes Why Was LEED® Created?

LEED-NC® Market Transformation : 

Registered Projects by State - Top 10 As of 05.02.05 All statistics exclude pilot projects LEED-NC® Market Transformation

LEED-NC® Market Transformation: 

LEED-NC® Market Transformation Registered Projects by State - Top 10 Where does the Southeast stand? Georgia – 62 South Carolina - 56 North Carolina – 42

LEED-NC® Point Distribution: 

LEED-NC® Point Distribution Five LEED credit categories


Resources – US Green Building Council - Extensive Resource List The HOK Guidebook to Sustainable Design - bookstore – ISO 14001 EMS - EPA’s EMS site – US DOE – US EPA - West Quad Handbook - Sustainable Universities Initiative (SUI) – Environmental Building News – Environmental Design & Construction – Green Building Alliance - Earth Craft Homes – Green Globes

Contact Info : 

Contact Info Michael Koman Dr. Gene Luna Environmental Programs Manager Associate Vice President 1215 Blossom Street for Student Affairs Columbia, SC 29208 1215 Blossom St Columbia, SC 29208 803-777-1986

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