PEN 2944 Memorial Day in America

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This presentation gives background information on the holiday known as Memorial Day.

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Title: Memorial Day in America By C Bohannon-Brown PEN # 2944 Published by Peach e~Books Georgia www.peachebooks.com All rights reserved. This publication may be reproduced by educators, parents, and students for educational purposes only. Commercial duplication is prohibited. © Peach e~Books May 2010

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Between April 1861 and May 1865, over 200,000 soldiers were killed in America’s Civil War. President Abraham Lincoln (USA) President Jefferson Davis (CSA)

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Soon after the end of the Civil War, American citizens began decorating the graves of the soldiers to remember them.

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On May 5, 1868, General John A. Logan officially declared the 30th of May as Decoration Day.

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Since the Civil War, numerous American soldiers have lost their lives in battles around the world.

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In 1898, approximately 380 soldiers died in the Spanish-American War.

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Between 1914 and 1918, America lost more than 53,000 soldiers in World War I.

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Between 1939 and 1941, more than 290,000 American men and women lost their lives in the 2nd World War.

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America lost more than 33,000 soldiers, between 1950 and 1953, during the Korean War.

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Between 1953 and 1975, more than 47,000 American soldiers fought and died in Vietnam.

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In 1971, Decoration Day became a national holiday and its official name was changed to Memorial Day.

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Between August 1990 and April 1991, about 150 American soldiers died in the Persian Gulf War.

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After September 11, 2001, more than 5,000 service men and women sacrificed their lives in America’s War on Terror.

Today, American soldiers continue to fight and die in countries around the world. : 

Today, American soldiers continue to fight and die in countries around the world.

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Today, their families and friends continue to shed tears and share flowers in their honor.

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Many men and women gave their lives for our rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

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Each year, on the last Monday in May, we remember our fallen soldiers, as we celebrate Memorial Day.

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Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: Arlington National Cemetery http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/washington-dc/arlington-national-cemetery.php http://artfiles.art.com/images/-/Tomb-of-the-Unknown-Soldier-Arlington-National-Cemetery-Arlington-Virginia-USA-Photographic-Print-C13084186.jpeg http://www.history.com/minisites/memorial/ People Decorating Graves http://www.history.com/minisite.do?content_type=Minisite_Generic&content_type_id=758&display_order=1&mini_id=1079 James Garfield-Decoration Day Speech http://www.history.com/minisite.do?content_type=Minisite_Generic&content_type_id=758&display_order=1&mini_id=1079 Image of Saluting Soldiers http://www.usmemorialday.org/images.html Iwo Jima Statue-WWII http://www.usmemorialday.org/images/IwoJima.jpg

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Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: Bugler and the Flag http://z.about.com/d/dc/1/0/k/O/18_dsc_0250mem_lrg_copy.jpg Freedom is not Free http://www.prolifeblogs.com/articles/archives/2007/05/memorial_day_in.php WWI Wounded Soldier/ “They Gave Their Tomorrows for Our Todays” http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1640062/posts The Cemetery Column-cannon & flag picture http://www.interment.net/column/records/memorial/index.htm Soldiers Carrying Casket - Arlington http://www.arlingtoncemetery.org/images/AS_funerals/pages/image04_AF.html Decorated Headstone with flowers and a flag http://www.drlaura.com/timages/sd/blog/memorial_day_09.jpg Saluting Soldier http://www.americancorners.or.kr/upload/MemorialDay.jpg

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Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: Kneeling family (Civil War era depiction) http://american-studies-uea.blogspot.com/2008_05_01_archive.html Kneeling Man with flowers (modern photo) www.southernist.com/2008_10_01_archive.html Crying soldier http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com/community_altamonte_blog/2009/05/memorial-day.html Vietnam Soldier and Helicopters http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/usa/images-3/vietnam-war-soldiers.jpg Korean War pictures http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/korean_war1950.gif http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/Korean_War_HA-SN-98-07010.jpg http://foxtravelandtours.com/New%20Folder/assets/Hot%20Spots/Korean%20war%20veterans%20memorial/korean%20war%20veterans%20memorial%208.jpg Spanish American War Photo http://www.solpass.org/7ss/Images/war.gif

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Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: Persian Gulf War photo http://artforprofits.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/gulf-war.jpg General John A. Logan http://battleofraymond.org/command5.htm Flag-carrying soldiers in a parade http://granitegrok.com/pix/memorial%20day%20parade.jpg Parades http://nativenationsdanceco.homestead.com/files/National_Memorial_Day_Parade05.JPG http://z.about.com/d/phoenix/1/0/u/h/2/paradesurprise01.jpg http://www-tc.pbs.org/memorialdayconcert/images/gallery/NMDC05_A4_cp22.jpg Tank Battle http://www.subtire.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/04/world-war-2.jpg

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Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: World Trade Center http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Trade_Center War on Terror Photos http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_on_Terror Abraham Lincoln http://www.civilwarphotos.net/files/images/188.jpg http://axiotis.pbworks.com/f/1174046924/lincoln-petras.jpg Jefferson Davis http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/archive/1/10/20091226083847!President-Jefferson-Davis.jpg Civil War Soldiers (color photo) http://riverdaughter.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/civil-war-soldiers2.jpg Aircraft Carrier http://www.house.gov/mcintyre/assets/photo_album_assets/honoring_those/images/12_jpg.jpg

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Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: History Channel Background Information http://www.history.com/topics/memorial-day-history http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war http://www.history.com/topics/americas-wars

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