the first voyage of christopher columbus

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This presentation describes Columbus' first voyage to the New World.

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By: Peachebooks (67 month(s) ago)

This presentation was created to share on Columbus Day 2011. The PRINTABLE companion PDF can be found at http://www.peachebooks.com in the PDF Library.

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peach e~books http://www.peachebooks.com The First Voyage of Christopher Columbus

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peach e~books http://www.peachebooks.com Title: The First Voyage of Christopher Columbus By C Bohannon-Brown PEN # 2948 Published by Peach e~Books Georgia www.peachebooks.com This is copyrighted material. All rights are reserved. This publication may be reproduced by educators, parents, and students for educational purposes only. Commercial duplication is prohibited. © Peach e~Books September 30, 2011

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peach e~books http://www.peachebooks.com Georgia Performance Standard SS4H2a (Social Studies - 4 th grade-History- 2 nd standard-Element a) The student will describe European exploration in North America. Element a. Describe the reasons for, obstacles to, and accomplishments of the Spanish…explorations of … Christopher Columbus ….

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While travels to the Americas did not begin with Christopher Columbus’ voyages, it was the first major attempt by the Spanish monarchy to find a shorter route to the Orient. http://www.peachebooks.com Viking explorers 11 th Century Viking longship King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain

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After more than 400 years of occupation, the Spanish were able to drive the Moors out of their country and take back their homeland. The year of the Reconquista was 1492. http://www.peachebooks.com

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During this time, the only known trade routes to the markets of the Far East were being controlled by several countries along the pathways. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Many travelers were not allowed passage from Europe to India or China. This made it difficult for Europeans to trade goods with those distant lands. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Traveling westward from Europe was considered dangerous, during the 15 th century. Many people believed that the world was flat and that ships would fall off, if they traveled too far west. http://www.peachebooks.com

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In spite of possible dangers, Columbus wanted to find a new way to the markets in India and Asia. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Therefore, in 1492, Christopher Columbus asked King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain for money to buy ships to find a westward passage to the Far East. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Columbus risked his life and the lives of his men because China and India had precious spices, such as pepper, and offered trade of valuable goods. http://www.peachebooks.com

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This exchange of resources would help the economy of Spain, which would make it a stronger country. It would also bring wealth to Columbus and to the Spanish Crown. http://www.peachebooks.com caravan of camels valuable spices and herbs Chenghua Emperor of China (1487-1505)

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Christopher Columbus left Spain in August 1492 heading westward. http://www.peachebooks.com

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After leaving the Old World, Columbus’ three ships would not see land for a couple of months. http://www.peachebooks.com

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It took the Niña, the Pinta and the Santa Maria about two months to cross the Atlantic Ocean and reach the Caribbean Islands. http://www.peachebooks.com

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In October 1492, Columbus reached the New World, but thought he had reached India. He called the first island that they saw San Salvador. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Next, Columbus and his men explored the second island called Juana, which is present-day Cuba . The third island that they landed on was called Hispañiola, which is in present-day Dominican Republic. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Although there were Native Americans living on the islands, Columbus claimed the discovery of these islands for Spain. He mistakenly called the native people Indians. http://www.peachebooks.com

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For about three months, Columbus explored the different islands looking for pepper, ginger, and gold. http://www.peachebooks.com

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In January 1493, having failed to find the precious spices and large amounts of gold, Columbus and his men took samples of what they found and headed back to Spain. http://www.peachebooks.com

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In March 1493, Columbus returned to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella with slaves, tobacco, turkeys, pineapples and a small amount of gold. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Christopher Columbus would travel to the New World three more times before his death on November 26, 1504. http://www.peachebooks.com

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On those later voyages, Columbus traded many things with the Native Americans, including food and diseases. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Because of Columbus’ travels in the New World, Americans celebrate his bravery as one of the world’s most well-known explorers. http://www.peachebooks.com

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Today, Christopher Columbus’ legacy lives on in history books around the world. Every October 10, the American people recognize Columbus Day in the United States of America. http://www.peachebooks.com

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peach e~books Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: Cover Images http://www.latterdayconservative.com/blog/christopher-columbus-lds-high-priest/ Images of Christopher Columbus http://ipeoplewatch.wordpress.com/tag/t-i/ http://www.allposters.com/-sp/Caravels-of-Christopher-Columbus-1451-1506-Italian-Genoese-Explorer-Posters_i6236000_.htm The Reconquista (or Re-conquest) of Spain http://clio.missouristate.edu/chuchiak/HST%20350--Theme%207--Spanish_reconquest.htm Columbus, Queen Isabella http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1519_christopher_columbus_kneeling_in_front_of_queen_isabella_i_-_bla.jpg http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1513_christopher_columbus_being_greeted_by_king_ferdinand_and_queen_i.jpg http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1524_the_first_voyage.jpg In the New World http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1516_landing_of_columbus_-_black_and_white_version.jpg http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1529_columbus_taking_possession_of_the_new_country.jpg Painting of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain http://www.paradoxplace.com/Perspectives/Chronologies/Genealogies/Spanish_Monarchs / Viking photos http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/archeology/page/3/ http://www.viking-mythology.com/vikingmyths.html

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peach e~books Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: Columbus, Queen Isabella http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1519_christopher_columbus_kneeling_in_front_of_queen_isabella_i_-_bla.jpg http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1513_christopher_columbus_being_greeted_by_king_ferdinand_and_queen_i.jpg http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1524_the_first_voyage.jpg In the New World http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1516_landing_of_columbus_-_black_and_white_version.jpg http://www.historicalstockphotos.com/images/xsmall/1529_columbus_taking_possession_of_the_new_country.jpg http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/colonial/jb_colonial_columbus_1_e.html http://www.saffronmarigold.com/blog/the-spice-route-tablecloth-traditional-textiles-modern-mix/ http://www.christopher-columbus.eu/voyage-1.htm Old World images http://utafebruary2011ancientghana.blogspot.com/ http://games.lisisoft.com/full-download-game/29638-spice-trade.html http://www.getrichslowly.org/blog/2010/03/27/what-do-ancient-spice-traders-and-the-modern-financial-industry-have-in-common/ http://characterq.wordpress.com/ Images from China http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hongzhi_Emperor

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peach e~books Online Resources Thank you to the following on-line resources: Columbus Day Celebrations http://blogs.villagevoice.com/runninscared/2010/10/how_you_should.php http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/10/13/at-parade-no-apologies-for-columbus/ Other Photos http://www.transformationalleadershiphq.com/tag/leadership-reflexes/ http://history.howstuffworks.com/european-history/christopher-columbus-pictures1.htm http://www.flickr.com/photos/39386717@N07/3874835820/ http://www.joh.cam.ac.uk/library/library_exhibitions/schoolresources/exploration/columbus/ http://voiceseducation.org/category/tag/columbus-log http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/news/2011/03/10/today-history-colombus-exploration-end-war/ MAJOR SOURCES OF INFORMATION: http://worldhistoryforusall.sdsu.edu/ http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/Iberian.html http://www.christopher-columbus.eu/voyage-1.htm http://www.cuba-made-easy.com/history-cuba.html

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