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Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide1: The development of a dance specific inter-disciplinary screening programme to promote health and well-being among dancers and to enhance dancer potential Emma Redding Programme Leader MSc Dance ScienceSlide3: the new building includes….. - 300 seat theatre - 13 dance studios - dance health centre - library - lecture theatre and conference facilities - Dance Science Laboratory - cafeteria - garden and outdoor performance space Laban Dance Science: Laban Dance Science Sciart Wellcome Trust Project March 2005MSc Dance Science Programme: MSc Dance Science Programme Applied Physiology Psychology Biomechanics Movement and Somatics Research Methods Methods of Practice Whole Dancer Study Final Project Slide7: Laban Dance Science Research Collaboration with the British Olympic Association Whyte et al, 2003 Electrocardiography and echocardiography in contemporary dancers. Journal Dance Medicine and Science.Laban Dance Science Research: Laban Dance Science Research Wyon, M. & Redding, E. 2000 The physiological cost of modern class and performance. International Association for Dance Medicine and Science Annual Conference. Miami, USA. Laban Dance Science Research: Redding, E. Wyon, M. Shearman, J. & L. Doggart. 2004 Validity of using heart rate as a predictor of oxygen consumption in dance. Journal Dance Medicine and Science. Redding, E. Wyon, M. 2003 Strengths and weaknesses of current methods of evaluating aerobic power of dancers. Journal Dance Medicine and Science. Wyon, M. Redding, E. Grant, A. Head, A, Sharp, N. & C. Sharp. 2003 Development, reliability and validity of a multistage dance specific aerobic fitness test. Journal Dance Medicine and Science. Lane, A. M., Hewston, R., Redding, E., & Whyte, G. 2003 Mood changes following modern dance classes. Social Behaviour and Personality. Redding, E. Wyon, M. Addison, A. Cotgreave, A. Katz, N. Irvine, S. Morgan, G. 2004 Differences between active and passive flexibility in dancers’ extension a la seconde. International Association for Dance Medicine and Science Annual Conference. San Franciso, USA. Wyon, M. Redding, E. Morgan, G. Nichols, C. 2004 An investigation into how different stretching routines affect vertical jump height performance in dancers. International Association for Dance Medicine and Science Annual Conference. San Franciso, USA Laban Dance Science Research Laban Dance Science Research: Redding, E. & Wyon, M. 2002 The development of a dance anaerobic fitness test. 2002 International Association for Dance Medicine and Science Annual Conference. New York, USA. Redding, E. & Wyon, M. 2001 A comparative analysis of the physiological responses to training before and at the end of a performing period of two dance companies. International Association for Dance Medicine and Science Annual Conference. Alcala, Spain. Wyon, M. & Redding, E. 2001 Qualitative analysis of the physiological attributes required for contemporary dance. International Association for Dance Medicine and Science Annual Conference. Alcala, Spain. Redding, E. & Wyon, M. 2000 Heart rate and oxygen kinetics in contemporary dance: Development of a submaximal aerobic test of dance performance. International Association for Dance Medicine and Science Annual Conference. Miami, USA. Wyon, M. Head, A. Sharp, C & Redding, E. 2002 The cardiorespiratory responses to modern dance classes; Differences between university, graduate and professional. Journal Dance Medicine and Science. Laban Dance Science Research Rationale: Rationale DanceUK ‘Fit to Dance’ survey 1994 & 2002 Dance injuries have not decreased significantly over this period. Correlation between smoking and injury. Correlation between psychological problems and injury. Differences between dance training and performance (Wyon et al 2000).Laban Health Pilates Studio: Laban Health Pilates Studio Laban Health Screening Programme: Laban Health Screening Programme Aims: Aims To provide information to the dance student about their bodies so that they can develop to their full physical potential and feel empowered in, and responsible for this development. identify those students who are most ‘at risk’ of sustaining an injury while undertaking full time dance training. To gather baseline data (norms) of the current status of dancers. To build on existing screening programmes by introducing new lab and dance specific field based tests. To repeat the screening at several stages of the dance students’ training in order to assess trends and correlations. Literature Review: Literature Review Journal of Dance Medicine and Science 1997 1(3) Special Issue – Dance Screening: Sieve-Ner, I. et al, The value of screening – injury epidemiology, biomechanical. Liederbach, MJ. Scoliosis in dancers; A method of assessment in quick-screen settings - injury assessment. Solomon, R. A pro-active screening programme addressing injury prevention in a professional ballet company - injury assessment. Molnar, M Screening students in a pre-professional ballet school – biomechanical, injury assessment. Liederbach, MJ. Screening for functional capacity in dancers - biomechanical, injury assessment, physiological (fitness and body composition) specificity. This study…: This study… Longitudinal research design (two testing periods per yr over 3 yrs) Incorporates lab and dance specific field tests (Welsh, T 2003, Redding et al, 2003) Interdisciplinary Methods of Pilot Study: Methods of Pilot Study Body composition - weight, height, BMI and Skinfolds Core stability assessments Markers were placed on anatomical landmarks* – and digital photos were taken of the front, back and right side view of each student and analysed using Silicon Coach biomechanical software *acromiomclavicular, umbilicus, ASIS, tibial tuberosity, inferior angle of the scapulae, posterior calcaneous, lateral malleolus, greater trochanter Biomechanical Assessments:flexibility joint range of motion : Biomechanical Assessments: flexibility joint range of motion Slide19: Physiological assessments: Anaerobic power Vertical Jump HeightResults: Results 20.7 20.4 164 ± 7 175 ± 7 56 ± 5 63 ± 9 19.9 20.4 80 15 Female Male BMI Height (cm) Weight (kg) Age (yr) No. of Subjects N = 95 Table 1: Descriptive data of subjects The mean BMI falls within a healthy range World Health Organisation (WHO) recommend BMI = 18.5 - 25Results: Body Mass Index: Results: Body Mass Index DanceUK recommend dancers should be BMI greater than 18. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) considers a BMI less than 18.5 = underweight. WHO also state that BMI less than 17.5 is diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa. ACSM state that an athlete whose BMI falls below 18.5 should modify training by 10-20%. 13 Laban BA1 dancers (16%) have a BMI below 18.5 (lowest was 15.9) Highest score was 24.9Results: Body Composition: Results: Body Composition 13.8% 7.9% 19-22% 17-25% Less than 15% 26% 13% Female Male Other studies*** Other studies** Recommended healthy range* Body fat Table 2: Body fat *World Health Organisation ** White et al (2004), Kirkendall & Calabrase (1983) – modern dance students *** Kirkendall & Calabrase (1983) - Professional ballet dancersSlide23: No YesLateral hip rotation ‘Turn out’: Lateral hip rotation ‘Turn out’ Three subjects had a 15 deg difference between left and right external rotation. Slide25: Active Passive Differences between active and passive flexibility in dancers’ extension a la seconde Slide26: The full screening programme will include… Dance aerobic fitness test (Wyon et al 2003) Psychological questionnaire: Test of performance strategies (TOPS) Psychological questionnaire: Self esteem (Rosenberg scale) Open-ended questions that relate to how prepared the dance student feels to enter the audition process and world of professional danceSlide27: Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.