4 levels of hebraic thought and the gospels


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4 Levels of hebrew thought and the gospels:

4 Levels of hebrew thought and the gospels Reconsidering how we approach the Gospels and what we expect to find in them by examining the Parable of the 4 Hearers

Pardes -”Garden” in Hebrew:

Pardes -”Garden” in Hebrew P= Pshat Literal meaning of the text R= Remez The illusions in the text D= Derush The homilies that can be derived from the text S=Sod The mystical secrets of the text


Pshat The Literal meaning of the text Mishnah —the court rulings recorded by the Sanhedrin Structured according to the Torah cycle The Torah is divided into a 3 year reading cycle in ancient times and a 1 year reading cycle while the Jews are in diaspora Mishnah is the interpretation by the sages of what something means—the conclusion


Mark The skeleton of the story The Parable of the 4 Hearers ( Sower and Seeds) Mark 4:1-9 Again Yeshua began to teach by the sea. The crowd that gathered around him was so large that he got into a ship and sat in it out at sea, with the crowd on the seashore. Yeshua said many things to them by examples.

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Other seed fell around the thorny plants. They grew and choked the seeds, so they didn’t produce any grain. Still other individual seeds fell on favorable soil. They grew and ripened and produced a crop – some individual seed multiplied 30 times, some 60 times, and some 100 times!” He added, “If you have ears you had better listen!”


Remez The illusions in the text Gamarrah --breaks down court rulings and asks/answers "why?" and "how do I/we do it? The Gamarrah is the commentary by the sages that accompanies each portion and explains what it was understood to mean when considered by the Court Structured according to the same Torah cycle as the Mishnah


Luke Expands on the stories told in Mark with more detail and explanation Parable of the 4 Hearers Luke 8:4-15 After a large crowd had gathered from every city, Yeshua told them this example. "The farmer went out to plant his seed. As the farmer was planting the seed, some fell along the road - it was trampled on, and the birds ate it up.

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But some other seed fell on rocky ground, and when it grew, it withered because it didn't have any moisture. But some other seed fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up with it and choked it. Still other seed fell on good soil. It grew and produced a crop a hundred times more than was planted." After Jesus said this, he shouted, "If you have ears you had better listen!"

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His disciples asked him what the example meant. He explained, "You are permitted to know the secret hidden truths of God's Realm, but to others I speak in examples, so that, 'Although they see, they do not observe. Although they hear, they do not understand."

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"This is the meaning of the example: the seed represent God's Word. Those seeds along the road represent the people who hear the Word, but then Slanderer-Liar comes along and takes Word out of their minds, so that they won't believe it and be saved. Those seeds on the rocky ground represent the people who receive the Word with delight when they hear it, but they don't have any roots. They believe for a while, but they defect when the enemy harasses them.

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The seeds that fell among the thorns represent the people who hear, but as they go through life they are choked by life's preoccupations, wealth and pleasures, and they do not mature. But the seeds on good soil represent the people who have honest and good hearts. They hear the Word and hold onto it. They produce a good harvest by using their steadfast endurance.


deresh The homilies that can be derived from the text Rabbinic teachings to help people understand the meaning and purpose of the text Parables Wisdom writings (Proverbs and Psalms, for example) are efforts to explain ideas and principles taught in Torah and give illustrations of what it looks like to walk, or not, according to her teachings


Matthew Includes many stories that reveal how Yeshua fulfilled prophecies Lots of parables and teachings from Yeshua on proper interpretation of Torah Parable of the 4 Hearers Matthew 13:1-15

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On the same day Yeshua left the house and sat by the sea. Large crowds collected to see him, so he sat on a boat while the whole crowd stood on the shore. He told them many things in example. “A farmer went out to sow seed. While he was sowing, some seed fell on the roadside, and the birds ate it. Some seed fell on shallow soil over gravel.

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The plants immediately sprang up but when the sun came up, they got scorched and withered away because they didn’t have any roots. Some seed fell among thorns which shot up and choked them. Other seed fell on fertile ground and produced a harvest. The harvest produced thirty, sixty, or even a hundred times more than had been sown. If you have ears you had better listen!”

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The disciples approached to ask Yeshua , “Why do you speak to them in examples?” He answered, “You are permitted to know the secret hidden truths of Heaven’s Realm, but they are not permitted to know. More will be given to the person who already has something, and that person will have abundance. But those who don’t have anything, even what they do have will be taken away.

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I’m speaking to them in examples, because their eyes are open but they don’t see, and they hear so much they still don’t listen, nor do they understand. This fulfills Isaiah’s prophecy. It says: ‘You will hear but will not understand. You will see, but not perceive. The minds of this people have grown dull, their ears are hard of hearing.

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They have shut their eyes. Otherwise they would see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their minds, turn, and I would instantly divinely heal them.’ (Isaiah 6:9,10) In context we see that Isaiah was wanting their eyes to be open and their ears to hear and was bemoaning all they would suffer and lose because they refused to acknowledge what they knew to be true

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“You can be happy because your eyes see and your ears hear! Many prophets and people who were just wished to see and hear what you see and hear. Now listen to the example of the farmer. The seed which fell on the roadside represents people who hear the message about the Realm but don’t understand it, and the Evil One snatches away the understanding from their minds.”

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“The seed on the stony places represents the people who hear the Word and immediately receive it quite happily. But they don’t have any roots, and so it only lasts for a while. When problems or persecution arise because of the Word, they immediately trip up

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The seed among the thorns represents the people who hear the Word, and preoccupation for this world and the treachery of wealth choke the Word, and they don’t produce a harvest.

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The seed on the good ground represents the people who hear the Word and understand it. These people really do bear fruit and produce a harvest. Some people produce a harvest a hundred times more than was sown; some produce sixty times more, and others thirty.”


Sod The secret meaning of the text Kaballah —NOT Madonna/New Age Kaballah ! Required: Established and well respected Rabbi At LEAST 30 years of age Included: All of the feminine imagery of God Teachings about the spiritual and miraculous things of God

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Judaism, as a religion, is concerned with teaching you how to live. Focus and emphasis is on what to do in this or that situation, how to respond appropriately, how to behave Godly in all situations It is NOT focused, for the average participant, on the nature of God, the spiritual, eschatology, or the meaning of life

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Those things are reserved for the Sod level This is the level of study traditionally kept from women and the reason is that women were believed to be closer to the heart of God and more intuitively aware of the things men were taught in the sod level of study It was feared women allowed to study at the Sod level would abandon domestic duties in exchange for full devotion to study of God’s Word


john Does not contain the parable of the 4 Hearers The entire Gospel is written to the 4 th soil Has eyes to see and ears to hear Is in the process of producing the 30, 60 and even 100 fold harvest Begins with explanation of how Genesis 1 reveals Yeshua

John 1:1-2:

John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God.

Genesis 1:1:

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning, God et created the heavens and the earth. Aleph tav is the only word in Hebrew that the Rabbi’s do not know how to translate; it appears as 3 dots or asterisks in the parallel texts Yeshua is recorded as saying, “I am the alpha and the omega”; in Hebrew or Aramaic this would read “I am the aleph and the tav .” Yeshua is THE WORD the Rabbi’s don’t know how to translate—the WORD that was with God in the beginning

John 1:3:

John 1:3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.

Genesis 1:2:

Genesis 1:2 The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

John 1:4-5:

John 1:4-5 In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.

Genesis 1:3-5:

Genesis 1:3-5 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.

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Note that this is days before the sun, moon and stars are placed into the heavens—this is about light “morning” or “daybreak” because of the breaking forth of light In the piel it refers to seeking, inquiring, considering, and gaining wisdom--understanding

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John is explaining to his readers that Yeshua is that Word that was with God “In the beginning”; It is through Him all things were created; He is the light that cannot be distinguished He goes on to discuss John being sent to testify to the light, and to the fact that the light has become flesh and dwelt among us His Gospel is written to those who have encountered the Light and recognize Him so that they can understand what it means to have that Light in us

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