Human Rights in Poland

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Comenius Project: Human Rights in Europe

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Human rights :

Human rights in Poland

The nobility privileges in XVI century :

The nobility privileges in XVI century Nobility privileges were the first „ rights” in Poland. They were introduced to the nobility-a small group of the richest Poles.

The most important priviliges:

The most important priviliges The Koszyce privilage- published by king Ludwik Węgierski in 1374 . It concerned permanent tax and imposed the king to build castles for the nobility. The Czerwińsk privilage– published by Władysław Jagiełło in 1422. It assured asset integrity without a court verdict. The Henryk’s articles – published in 1573 by Henryk Walezy. It gave the nobility a right for armed occurrence against king (rokosz) The nobility got freedom of religion. It forbade the king to take any political decisions without an agreement of senators.

The 3rd May Constitution :

The 3rd May Constitution On 3rd May 1791 there was introduced the Constitution. It was the second constitution in the world, and the first in Europe! The Constitution limited the nobility privileges. People who lived in towns could work in offices. The Constitution took care of peasants. It also introduced a system of a constitutional monarchy.

The March Constitution:

The March Constitution It was introduced on 21st March, 1921 . It was very modern. Constitution: It introduced health insurance. Children under 15 weren’t allowed to work It prohibited work during night for women in industry. It introduced freedom of thought and belief . Press got freedom of printing. It also introduced freedom of correspondence. Gabriel Narutowicz

Women’s rights in Poland:

Women’s rights in Poland The emancipation movement started in the end of the XIX century. It started with: Admission of women to study Admission of women to work in banks and offices. Women in Poland have had the right to vote since 1918. At that time it was also introduced the principle of equality between wife and husband.

Janusz Korczak:

Janusz Korczak A Polish doctor of Jewish origin who founded in 1912 an orphanage, where he introduced human rights to the children. They had their own board, newspaper, they had a right to have their opinions and personal freedom. He was an author of books for children.He died together with his pupils in 1942, killed by nazis in Treblinka .

After the World War II Poland became a part of the communist world, where all the human rights were frequently violated. It caused strikes in Poland in the 60, 70 and 80. :

After the World War II Poland became a part of the communist world, where all the human rights were frequently violated. It caused strikes in Poland in the 60, 70 and 80.

The 80s were the beginning of a nationwide movement called „Solidarity”. The leader was Lech Wałęsa- the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and then the first president of free Poland.:

The 80s were the beginning of a nationwide movement called „Solidarity”. The leader was Lech Wałęsa- the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and then the first president of free Poland.

The Constitution of the Republic of Poland:

The Constitution of the Republic of Poland 2nd April 1997- Polish Constitution for the new democratic times Rights: RP assure all people protection of life and health Everyone is free Deprivation or restriction of liberty may be imposed only in extreme cases. Obligations: Fidelity to the Republic of Poland Taking care for common good Complying with RP’s law Taking care of the environment. The rules of liability are established by law.

Governmental institutions protecting human rights:

Governmental institutions protecting human rights Constitutional Court The Contitutional Court takes care about human rights. It considers every complaint about breaking the constitution by law passed by Polish parliament. Rzecznik Praw Obywatelskich (RPO) The task of ombudsman is taking care of not breaking the human rights. Everyone, who thinks that his rights are broken, can refer to him. Today our ombudswoman is Irena Lipowicz.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The End Alicja Korpol Marcelina Małczak Mateusz Skóra Bibliografia: Wikipedia.pl Sejm.gov.pl Google.pl WosNa5.pl

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