Humanistisk teoriSNE422V07TE

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Humanistic psychology/pedagogy 1: 

Humanistic psychology/pedagogy 1 Also called the third force A wide variety of theories and modes of understanding people Distinctive characteristics of contemporary humanistic p: Dissatisfaction with pathology- centered theories and behaviorism (classical psychoanalysis - positivism- Skinner) Recognition of the human potential to grow, to be self-determining, and to exercise choice and responsibility A belief that people do not live by bread alone, but also by higher needs, such as learning , work, love, creativity and the like A valuing of feelings, desires, and emotions instead of objectifying or explaining away these responses

Humanistic psychology/pedagogy2: 

Humanistic psychology/pedagogy2 Philosophical basis: Existentialism Kierkegård -Sartre -Heidegger Optimistic and positive view Every person is free to make choices based on there basic values and beliefs Choices will involve consequensis - personal and solidary. Choices can be either responsible or irresponsible

Humanistic psychology/pedagogy3b: 

Humanistic psychology/pedagogy3b Human beings have an innate tendency to move toward higher levels- toward self- actualization. When a person “stop” it’s due to some conditions. (Maslow -basic needs, Rogers -emphaty) Accepting responsibility for one’s own actions and experiences An existential or here and nowperspective Some central names: C.Buhler, Uri Bronfenbrenner, Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, William Glasser.

Maslow: Basic needs hierarchy: 

Maslow: Basic needs hierarchy Self-actualization needs The Esteem needs The belonginess and love needs The safety needs The physiological needs

HP: Maslow -Safety needs 5: 

HP: Maslow -Safety needs 5

HP: Maslow: Belongingness and love needs 6: 

HP: Maslow: Belongingness and love needs 6 To cover this needs sufficiently doesn’t happen in a vacuum, but when several people cooperate and communicate It involves giving and receiving affection hunger for group-feelings for contact for real togetherness to mean something for others as well as be valued

HP: Maslow:The esteem needs 7: 

HP: Maslow:The esteem needs 7 1. Desire for strength, achievement, adequacy, mastery, competence, confidence in face of the world,independence and freedom 2. Desire for reputation or prestige (esteem or respect from other people), status, fame and glory, dominance, recognition, attention, importance, dignity or appreciation

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