Sites to Teach the Big 6 Research Steps

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Setting our “Sites” on This Century’s Skills : 

Setting our “Sites” on This Century’s Skills Six Steps to Teaching Research Using the Web By Jennifer Holt

Preparing Students to Meet 21st Century Challenges : 

Preparing Students to Meet 21st Century Challenges Ohio recently became the 14th state to join The Partnership of 21st Century Skills (P21). One of the P21 learning outcomes aims to improve information literacy, which is the ability to access, evaluate, use, and manage information. (The Partnership of 21st Century Skills)

Why is information literacy so important? : 

Why is information literacy so important? So much information is available, but students have trouble finding quality information. Knowing how to access and evaluate information enables students to teach themselves and become lifelong learners. Being able to use and manage information enables students to share their knowledge and to become responsible citizens and successful workers. (American Association of School Librarians—AASL)

Slide 4: 

“We are all drowning in a sea of information. The challenge is to learn to swim in that sea, rather than sink under it” (Riedling). Save your students. Teach them to swim.

How this relates to research projects: : 

How this relates to research projects: We can teach information literacy skills by incorporating the web into research projects. We can train students to use the Big 6 process, a model aligned to information literacy standards. 1. Task Definition 2. Information Seeking Strategies 3. Location and Access 4. Use of Information 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation

Slide 6: 

Using The Big 6 and the Internet to Meet AASL and NETS Standards (Table from www.janetsinfo.com/big6info.htm#infopower)

The GOLDEN (#1) resource with links to online resources to teach the Big 6: : 

The GOLDEN (#1) resource with links to online resources to teach the Big 6: http://nb.wsd.wednet.edu/big6/big6_resources.htm#overview

1. Task Definition : 

1. Task Definition Big 6 Objectives: 1.1 “Define the information problem” 1.2 “Identify information needed to complete the task (to solve the information problem)” AASL Information Literacy Indicators: 1.1 “Recognizes the need for information” 1.3 “Formulates a question based on information needs” (Janet Muray, Applying Big 6 Skills and Information Literacy to Internet Research)

1. Task Definition: Time Management : 

1. Task Definition: Time Management www.lib.umn.edu/help/calculator

1. Task Definition: Question Typeshttp://www.fno.org/nov97/toolkit.html : 

1. Task Definition: Question Typeshttp://www.fno.org/nov97/toolkit.html

1. Task Definition: Brainstorming : 

1. Task Definition: Brainstorming http://www.sdst.org/shs/library/questbrain.html

1. Task Definition: Narrow/ Broaden the Topic : 

1. Task Definition: Narrow/ Broaden the Topic www.unc.edu/depts/jomc/academics/dri/loc/restri.html This site also lists 3 Steps for Focusing Research Ideas www.squires.fayette.k12.ky.us/ library/research/general.htm

2. Information Seeking Strategies : 

2. Information Seeking Strategies Big 6 Objectives: 2.1 “Determine the range of possible sources (brainstorm)” 2.2 “Evaluate the different possible sources to determine priorities (select the best sources)” AASL Information Literacy Indicators: 1.4 “Identifies a variety of potential sources of information” 2.4 “selects information appropriate to the problem or question at hand” (Janet Muray, Applying Big 6 Skills and Information Literacy to Internet Research)

2. Information Seeking: Brainstorm Search Methods and Sources : 

2. Information Seeking: Brainstorm Search Methods and Sources webquest.sdsu.edu/searching/stepzero.html You could have students: Use this website to generate a list of relevant search terms, related search terms, and excluded search terms. Then you could teach them about advanced searching.

2. Information Seeking: Search Methods : 

2. Information Seeking: Search Methods webquest.sdsu.edu/searching/fournets.htm Four Strategies for Advanced Web Searches

2. Information Seeking: Search Methods : 

2. Information Seeking: Search Methods www.kathyschrock.net/rbs3k/boolean/ Visual learners will love this! As you scroll over each Boolean search term, it shows how it broadens or narrows by shading the Venn Diagram.

2. Information Seeking: Choosing the Best Search Method : 

2. Information Seeking: Choosing the Best Search Method www.noodletools.com/debbie/literacies/information/5locate/adviceengine.html This is a great website for teaching students which search engine or database will best meet their information need. We cannot let them google everything!

2. Information Seeking: Determining Which Source is Best : 

2. Information Seeking: Determining Which Source is Best www.libraries.psu.edu/instruction/infolit/andyou/mod2/summary.htm Students need to learn when to use certain types of sources. Charts such as this one can help them develop efficient information seeking skills.

3. Location and Access : 

3. Location and Access Big 6 Objectives: 3.1 “Locate sources (intellectually and physically)” 3.2 “Find information within sources” AASL Information Literacy Indicators: 1.5 “Develops and uses successful strategies for learning information” 7.1 “Seeks information from diverse sources, contents, disciplines, and cultures” (Janet Muray, Applying Big 6 Skills and Information Literacy to Internet Research)

3. Locate and Access: Locate Sources : 

3. Locate and Access: Locate Sources http://www.ipl.org/ Remind students that they can ask a librarian anytime they feel lost. This, however, takes time.

3. Locate and Access: Locate Sources : 

3. Locate and Access: Locate Sources Knowitnow.org Anyone can chat immediately with a librarian to find sources NOW! This is excellent for students to know if they are not finding what they are looking for. Chat format

3. Locate and Access: Locate Sources : 

3. Locate and Access: Locate Sources noodletools.com/debbie/literacies/information/5locate/advicedepth.html This website links to free credible databases, increasing the likelihood that students will find quality information. Requiring them to have multiple formats of information will prevent them from relying too much on google. Magazine articles Radio broadcasts Books Online journals

3. Locate and Access: Locating Sources Using Pathfinders (Link Lists) : 

3. Locate and Access: Locating Sources Using Pathfinders (Link Lists) www.42explore.com/index.htm 1 2 3 Basic explanation and links sources relating to the topic

3. Locate and Access: Locating Sources Using Pathfinders (Link Lists) : 

3. Locate and Access: Locating Sources Using Pathfinders (Link Lists) www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/schools/wjhs/mediactr/resproj2.html Divided by grade level Aligned to the Big 6 Steps

3. Locate and Access: Find Information within Sources : 

3. Locate and Access: Find Information within Sources noodletools.com/debbie/literacies/basic/readstrat/readingstrategies.viewlet/readingstrategies_viewlet_swf.html by Debbie Abilock This video runs through all slides modeling active web reading strategies.

4. Use of Information : 

4. Use of Information Big 6 Objectives: 4.1 “Engage (e.g., read, hear, view) the information within a source” 4.2 “Extract relevant information from a source” AASL Information Literacy Indicators: 2.1 “Determines accuracy, relevance, and comprehensiveness” 2.2 “Distinguishes among facts, point of view, and opinion” (Janet Muray, Applying Big 6 Skills and Information Literacy to Internet Research)

4. Use of Information: Evaluating Sources : 

4. Use of Information: Evaluating Sources www.libraries.psu.edu/instruction/infolit/andyou/mod7/eval_i.htm Books and Periodicals Web Sites

4. Use of Information: Evaluating Web Sites : 

4. Use of Information: Evaluating Web Sites www.edtech.sandi.net/old305/handouts/digitalclassroom/walklikealibrarian/evaluatesites/evaluatingwebsites.pdf This 9 step printable worksheet will teach students how to determine the usefulness and credibility of websites.

4. Use of Information: Evaluating Web Sites : 

4. Use of Information: Evaluating Web Sites kathyschrock.net/slideshows/abceval/frame0001.htm You could have students: Scroll through these web evaluation slides taking notes. List their four most important criteria, and explain why they matter the most.

4. Using Information: Graphic Organizers Help Students Extract Information : 

4. Using Information: Graphic Organizers Help Students Extract Information http://www.englishcompanion.com/Tools/notemaking.html This site includes many links to printable graphic organizers.

5. Synthesis : 

5. Synthesis Big 6 Objectives: 5.1 “Organize information from different sources” 5.2 “Present the information” AASL Information Literacy Indicators: 3.1 “Organizes the information for practical application” 3.4 “Produces and communicates information and ideas in appropriate formats” 9.1 “Shares knowledge and information with others” (Janet Muray, Applying Big 6 Skills and Information Literacy to Internet Research)

5. Synthesis: Presenting Information : 

5. Synthesis: Presenting Information www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/tips/products.html We all know it is important to vary presentation formats. This site offers excellent project ideas, many of which involve interacting with technology.

5. Synthesis: Presenting Information : 

5. Synthesis: Presenting Information This site lists legitimate writing competitions and publications for teens to share their final information product with a real audience. noodletools.com/debbie/literacies/basic/yngwrite.html

5. Synthesis: Organizing Information : 

5. Synthesis: Organizing Information www.studygs.net/wrtstr5.htm This site is interactive and lets students: Scroll over parts of the note card to see what goes there. Create their own note card. Read about how to organize note cards.

5. Synthesis: Quote, Paraphrase, Summarize : 

5. Synthesis: Quote, Paraphrase, Summarize www.sdst.org/shs/library/sumparquo.html Colorful , visually stimulating tips on when to do each.

5. Synthesis: Preventing Plagiarism : 

5. Synthesis: Preventing Plagiarism Also, www.doug-johnson.com/dougwri/plagiarism-proofing-assignments.html has a numbered list of ways teachers can proactively prevent plagiarism. This site allows teachers and writers to check for plagiarism for FREE!

5. Synthesis: Citing Sources : 

5. Synthesis: Citing Sources citationmachine.net This site allows students to use the ISBN number to generate an MLA or APA citation.

5. Synthesis: Citing Sources : 

5. Synthesis: Citing Sources www.libraries.psu.edu/psul/researchguides/matbytype/citationstyles.html Links to Quick Citation Guides with clear tables.

6. Evaluation : 

6. Evaluation Big 6 Objectives: 6.1 “Judge the product (effectiveness)” 6.2 “Judge the information problem-solving process (efficiency)” AASL Information Literacy Indicators: 6.1 “Assesses the quality of the process and products of one’s own information seeking” (Janet Muray, Applying Big 6 Skills and Information Literacy to Internet Research)

6. Evaluation: Judging the Process : 

6. Evaluation: Judging the Process www.sasaustin.org/podium/default.aspx?t=37389 Students can use this basic checklist at the bottom of the webpage to evaluate their own performance and effort.

6. Evaluation: Judging the Process : 

6. Evaluation: Judging the Process www.big6.com/2002/11/06/big6™ -writing-process-organizer-for-grades-7-12 This 12 question evaluation sheet delves deeper than the last one. Plus, it relates to the Big 6!

6. Evaluation: Judging the Product : 

6. Evaluation: Judging the Product School.discoveryeducation.com/schrockguide/assess.html http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php This FREE website allows you to search for rubrics by keyword or subject, or to create and save your own rubrics. For links to specific rubrics, visit:

Printable Big 6 Worksheet for all steps : 

Printable Big 6 Worksheet for all steps www.big6.com/2002/11/06/big6™-writing-process-organizer-for-grades-7-12/ www.auburn.wednet.edu/mtbaker/library/ links/big6/forms/project%20checklist.pdf

Food (or Water) For Thought: : 

The amount of available information overwhelms students, and research intimidates them. With six steps and several sites, we can teach them to swim in the sea of information. How will you apply this to your classroom? Food (or Water) For Thought:

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