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BINDESHWAR PATHAK, FOUNDER OF SULABH INTERNATIONAL By Guru Prasath Dharneesh Raja rajan Pankaj Parag PROFILE : PROFILE Date of birth April 2, 1943 Place Of Birth Vill-Rampur, Dist. Vaishali ,Bihar, India. Education 1964: Graduation in Sociology1980: Master's degree in Sociology, topping the list from Patna University1985: Ph.D. on "Liberation of Scavengers Through Low-Cost Sanitation".1986: Master's degree in English, topping the list from Patna University.1994: D.Litt. on "Eradication of Scavenging and Environmental Sanitation in India - a Sociological Study". INCEPTION OF SULABH : INCEPTION OF SULABH widespread phenomenon of open defecation remained even after 50 years of India's Independence. women were the worst sufferer. No scientific method of excreta disposal,a caste (dalit) used to clean and carry human excreta for livelihood Slide 4: He studied about social evil and came up with solution through a low-cost toilet-technology and developed a self-sustaining sanitation system across country. Dr. Pathak gave birth to what is popularly known as Sulabh Sanitation Movement. "No body should go outside for defecation and every house in India should have a toilet.’’ A TECHNICAL BREAKTHROUGH : A TECHNICAL BREAKTHROUGH developed a scavenging-free twin-pit pour flush toilet (Sulabh Shauchalaya); safe and hygienic on-site human waste disposal technology. It was a breakthrough in the Government of India's programme for eradication of scavenging. It is technologically appropriate, socio-culturally acceptable and economically affordable MOVEMENT GETS MOMENTUM : MOVEMENT GETS MOMENTUM By the end of 1974 more than 240 towns have been freed from scavenging and 50,000 scavengers. In 1974 sulabh landmarks opening of sulabh Shauchalaya Complex maintaining community toilets with bathing, laundry and urinal facilities ,in patna (bihar) First to launch the concept of pay and use toilet. SULABH INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR ACTION SOCIOLOGY (SICAC) : SULABH INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR ACTION SOCIOLOGY (SICAC) Established in 1993, to ensure social and financial independence of the lowest strata of the society. The components of SICAS are as follows Vocational training centre. Sulabh public school. Social up gradation program. Slum children welfare program. Sulabh international institute of health and hygiene (siihh). MUSEUM OF TOILETS : MUSEUM OF TOILETS It displays the evolution of toilets and their various designs. Why museum? To educate students about the historical trends in the development of toilets. To provide information to researchers about the design, materials, and technologies adopted in the past and those in use in the contemporary world. Slide 11: To help policy makers to understand the efforts made by predecessors in this field throughout the world. To help the manufacturers of toilet equipment and accessories in improving their products by functioning as a technology storehouse. To help sanitation experts learn from the past and solve problems in the sanitation sector. Chamber pots for ladies; period 1794 - 1800 AD : Chamber pots for ladies; period 1794 - 1800 AD Made in france : Made in france Toilets which use less water and also compost the waste. Also the emergence of Micro wave toilet .Toilets of the 90's : Toilets which use less water and also compost the waste. Also the emergence of Micro wave toilet .Toilets of the 90's RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT : RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT DUCKWEED BASED WASTE WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM. BIOGAS FROM HUMAN EXCRETA. SET (SULABH EFFLUENT TECHNOLOGY Slide 16: VERMI-COMPOSTING. MANURE FROM HUMAN EXCRETA BIOGAS FROM DRIED WATER-HYACINTH AND OTHER MIXED FEEDS. PRESENT STATUS : PRESENT STATUS Head quarter at Delhi (sulabh gram). Sulabh has built 1,200,000 toilets and 5,500 community public toilet complexes which are used by approximately 10 million people every day. Gives employment to 60,000 people. Annual turnover of 1400 cr. Slide 18: 160 bio gas plant ,which is an unconventional source of energy. Doing sanitation works in countries like bhutan,africa,afganishtan,nepal,indonesia,mozambique,kenya,south africa,euthi. Toilets at almost all major railway stations and airports. ACHIEVEMENTS : ACHIEVEMENTS world’s biggest toilet complex in the town of Shirdi in Nasik. Globally recognized by united nation for its work. Doing sanitation works in countries like bhutan,africa,afganishtan,nepal,indonesia,mozambique,kenya,south africa,euthi ABOUT LEADER : ABOUT LEADER A follower of gandhian principle. Gandhi view about sanitation was that no one should carry humane excreta and there should be scientific method of waste disposal. Mr. pathak is the man who gave new dimension to the gandhian movement and his mission against all kind of discrimination. Slide 23: He raised a micro level project on low cost sanitation(1973) from a small town in bihar to a macro level project around the world. He has written books like ‘’road to freedom’’ apart from his biography. Mahatma gandhi had a wish of making a dalit as a first president of india,and so has Mr. pathak he made a dalit women as the vice president of sulabh international. LEADERSHIP STYLE : LEADERSHIP STYLE He is a charismatic leader. Vision and articulation :To provide world class sanitation at really cheaper price and also social and economic upliftment of scavengers. Risk taking: He has totally dedicated his life to achieve the vision. Sensitivity: He cares about his followers feelings and social need. Unconventional behavior: Being a Brahmin he took initiative to eradicate untouchability. MOTIVATION : MOTIVATION Mr. Pathak in order bring scavengers to main stream tried incorporating self respect,confidence,and motivated them by following Scavengers In Temple: Dalits dinning at five star hotels with foreign delegates. Participation in fashion parade with cine stars, wearing saris designed by them. Free Foreign tour to America for scavengers. AWARDS AND RECOGNITION : AWARDS AND RECOGNITION K.P. Goenka Memorial Award 1984 Civic Betterment Award, Bombay 1990 Padma Bhushan 1991 The International Saint Francis Prize for the Environment” Canticle of All Creatures”, Assisi, Italy 1992 Limca Book of Records’ Man of the Year Award 1995 Slide 27: Babu Jagjivan Ram Award for Abolishing Scavenging 1997 Distinguished Leadership Award 1997 Dubai International Award for Best Practices 2000 Global 500 Roll of Honour Award by UNEP at Beirut (Lebanon) 2003 Scroll of Honour by UN Habitat at Rio-de-Janeiro (Brazil) 2003 Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar 2003 Good Corporate Citizen Award 2005 Slide 28: International Human Rights Award 2006 One India One People Foundation Award 2006 Lifetime Achievement Award for Leadership in the social sector by Dr. P.N. Singh 2007 Stockholm Water Prize, during the World Water Week in Stockholm 2009 ‘world sanitation day is celebrated on 4th dec since 2006.’Thank you : ‘world sanitation day is celebrated on 4th dec since 2006.’Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.