Coral Reefs in Barbados

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Coral Reefs in Barbados:

Coral Reefs in Barbados Owen McCleery

What are coral reefs?:

What are coral reefs? Coral reefs are underwater formations that are composed of calcium carbonate (limestone) and living organisms, called polyps. The calcium carbonate forms around the polyps and acts a shell to protect the organisms.

How does coral function?:

How does coral function? Coral reefs support and sustain marine life which thrives the fishing industry. Coral reefs act as barriers and protect large landforms from coastal erosion. As living organisms die they form sand furthermore creating beaches behind the reefs which attract tourists. The highly diverse marine biology, which is sustained by the coral reefs, attracts divers and snorkelers. As coral reefs die off, they leave behind massive land forms of limestone which can be the foundation of new islands.

Where are coral reefs found in Barbados?:

Where are coral reefs found in Barbados? Barbados is enclosed by a 200 meter deep shelf, about 2-3 kilometers off of the coast. Reefs can be found all along the North, South and West coast of the island. Reefs that once stood on the East coast have been eroded till the point that in some cases like B athsheba there are almost no reefs protecting the coast from the oceans might. The reefs that protect the West coast are thin and minute. Waste, pollutants, boats etc… have damaged the reefs almost beyond repair. On the North and West coasts the reefs remain thick and healthy as there is little besides the ocean that is harming them.

What are the different types of coral found in Barbados?:

What are the different types of coral found in B arbados? There are three different types of coral found in Barbados: Bank reefs, Fringing reefs & Patch reefs. Currently the type of reef that surrounds the largest length of Barbados’s coastlines are the Bank reefs with 38.3 kilometers, secondly are F ringing reefs with 20.4 kilometers.

Why are coral reefs important to Barbados?:

Why are coral reefs important to Barbados? Coral reefs offer a natural protection from coastal erosion in Barbados. This is important because Barbados is composed of calcium carbonate (limestone) which becomes easily weathered and eroded with the help of water. Reefs create beaches which protects Barbados’s landmass itslef from the power of the ocean.

What are various threats imposed on coral reefs in Barbados?:

What are various threats imposed on coral reefs in Barbados?

What is being done and what needs to be done in Barbados to conserve coral reefs?:

What is being done and what needs to be done in Barbados to conserve coral reefs? At the moment there is nothing being done in Barbados to conserve our coral reefs. We need to spread awareness to prevent damage of the rest of the reefs we have now. We could use artificial reefs which will be inhabited by living organisms and eventually will be sustaining and supporting life of its own this will help create natural reefs near it and create life.

Bibliography :

Bibliography "Barbados Coastal Zone Management Protecting Barbados' Coastline and Reefs Making Barbados Diving Holidays a Top Destination." Caribbean Holidays Accommodation Caribbean Watersports Caribbean Sports Vacation West Indies Cricket Barbados Golf Football and Polo Caribbean Ecotourism Hiking and Birdwatching . Web. 07 Feb. 2011. <http://www.caribzones.com/bds-conservation-coastalzone.html >. http://moodle.codrington.edu.bb:81/file.php?file=/69/coral%20and%20fieldtrip/coral_%20reefs_summary_sept.pdf