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Hitler said it would be his last territorial demand and then in March of 1939 he broke the pact by taking Prague. Policy of Appeasement ended 1939 Germany and Italy sign a pact pledging support for each other in a war Germany and Russia sign a 10 year nonaggression pact in Aug. Sept – Germany invades Poland (Blitzkrieg) and Russia invades for the east. Germany and Russia sign a treaty dividing Poland between themWorld War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1939 Phony War on the Western Front Maginot Line would hold Confident British Navy could blockade Germany German launches counterblockade with submarines, mines and depth bombs, sinking many allied merchant and passenger ships Sinking of the Graf Spree and the Royal Oak Russian-Finish War. Russia invades Finland in November. Mannerheim line finally broken in March(Moti Tactics). Finland gives Soviet union important ports and industryWorld War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1940 Germany invades Denmark and Norway in April. Denmark signs protection treaty and Norway is reinforced by British forces and fights until June. In May Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Churchill becomes British Prime Minister and reinforces Belgium and the Netherlands. Both finally fall May 29th to June 4th – Dunkirk – 360,000 withdrawn by sea June 5th – the battle for France. Germany invades over a 100 mile front and head to Paris. Italy declares war on Britain and France Germans occupy Paris on June 14 and armistice signed on June 22. Franco-Italian armistice signed on 24 JuneWorld War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1940 France – Marshal Petain and the Vichy government in the unoccupied France Aug - Battle of Britain (Air Campaign followed by an invasion of Britain). Germany urged for peace with Britain but Churchill refused. Britain and the RAF defeated the Germans and ended Hitler’s hopes of invading England. Japan gains air bases in French Indo China to support its war against China Sept 27 – Japan signs pact with Germany and Italy Germany and Italy control Europe and Japan controls Greater East AsiaWorld War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1940 U.S. places sanctions on Japan in Sept U.S. trades destroyers for leases on British Naval and Air bases in the Atlantic and Carribean U.S. builds ships, planes and other war material October – Selective Service adopted 1941 Gilbraltar and Suez Canal Italy attacks North Africa while Germany drives through SE Europe Italy failed, Germany succeeded in over running Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece. Aids Italy and drives the British our of Libya and now drives for oil in Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia World War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1941 Lend/Lease between U.S. and Britain and countries thought important to the protection of the U.S. April – U.S. Takes Greenland under its control July – U.S. lands naval forces in Iceland June – Germany invades Russia Italy, Hungary, Finland and Romania declare war on Russia Great Britain and U.S. promise support to Russia 2000 mile front (White Sea to Black Sea) German attack From East Prussia, through Baltic states to Leningrad Northern part of German Poland through White Russia to Moscow Southern part of German Poland toward Kiev World War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1941 Russian Guerrilla warfare slowed the German advance Scorched earth policy Winter Soviet counter offensive drove Germans back from the outskirts of Moscow and Leningrad British attack Germans in Libya and relieve Tobruk and BengasiWorld War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1941 In Conjunction with the German invasion of Russia, Japan moved against Thailand U.S. and Great Britain protested Tojo comes to U.S. to trick government Dec 7th, Japan Attack Pearl Harbor Japan attacks Midway Island, the Phillippines, British Malaya, Hong Kong, Guam and Wake island. U.S. declares war on Japan Dec 9th – China declares war on Japan, Germany and Italy. Germany and Italy declares war on U.S. on Dec 11th and we do the same on them World War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1941 Dec – Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama declare war on Axis Powers Bolivia declares war on Japan Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania declare war on U.S. Japan and Russia avoid war with each other 26 nations against the Axis Powers in Jan 1942World War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1942 Wake, Guam and Hong Kong fall to the Japanese Bataan and Corregidor in the Philippines falls to Japan Singapore, the Netherlands Indies, Burma and parts of New Britain and New Guinea fall to Japan. Darwin is heavily bombedWorld War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1942 Flying Tigers in Burma Jan – Rommel drives to Suez Canal Takes Bengasi in Jan April 18, Doolittle Raid on Tokyo Rommel takes Tobruk June – Battle of Midway – U.S. victory that ended Japanese expansion July – Rommel takes El Alamein July - Sevastopol falls to Germany in Russia Aug – Germans attack Stalingrad and the Russian stop the attackWorld War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1942 Aug – Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal) invaded by U.S. Sept – U.S. and Australia invade New Guinea Oct – Montgomery route Rommel at El Alamein and by November the Germans are forced out of Egypt Nov – Russians counterattack Nov 8 – Allies invade North AfricaWorld War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1943 Russian Counterattack at Stalingrad, Kharkov and Smolensk Feb – Guadalcanal falls to U.S Feb – Eisenhower commander in North Africa May – Germans out of North Africa July – Allies invade Sicily Badoglio succeeds Mussolini Sept – Italy invaded by Allies Italy out of the war on Sept 8th Nov – Gilbert Islands (Tarawa/Betio/Makin) World War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1943 Convoy Operations in Atlantic rid the Allies of the German U-Boat threat Allied Strategic Bombing taking its toll on the German industry Allied Transport airplanes having an effect everywhere Japanese outer rings falls and Australia in no longer threatened World War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1944 Feb – Marshall Islands taken (Eniwetok/Kwajalein) June 6 - Normandy Aug – Marianas taken (Saipan, Timian and Guam) (Superfortress B-29s bombing Japan) Aug – Paris falls to Allies Sept - Peleliu Sept –Operation Market Garden Oct – MacArthur’s forces land in Leyte (Philippines) Russia drives Germany back to its own borders and has Romania, Bulgaria declare war on Geramny Allies drive through Italy and invade France German V bombs Dec – German counterattack (Bastone)Battle of the Bulge World War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1945 Feb - Marshall Islands (Iwo Jima) Feb – Budapest falls Apr – Mussolini killed Apr – Vienna falls Apr – Berlin falls May – German Surrender World War II Chronology: World War II Chronology 1945 MacArthur lands and Luzon in Philippines April Fools Day – Okinawa Aug – Russia attacks Manchuria Aug 6th – Hiroshima Aug 9th – Nagasaki Aug 15th - Surrender You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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