ppt internet utilization in indonesia 11 1997

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Internet Utilization in Indonesia: 

Internet Utilization in Indonesia Onno W. Purbo Institute of Technology Bandung yc1dav@itb.ac.id

Acknowledgment: 

Acknowledgment Those who donate ITB-Net: PT. USI/IBM, PT. Masaro, PT. Daya Sakti Timber, PT. Daksina Arga Perkasa, PT. LEN Industry etc ..... Those who spent many sleepless nights in building the Indonesia network at: pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca sysop-l@itb.ac.id apjii@rs.net.id

Vision: 

Vision 5 Million Indonesian in Internet in the next 5-10 years.

Outline: 

Outline Internet in Indonesia Local Internet / Telecomm Capacity Current Network Status. Future Trends & Recommendations. Summary.

Up-dated Reports at ....: 

Up-dated Reports at .... http://kalpataru.netura.net.id/~onno/ http://www.aim.apic.net/indonesia/ http://www.nsrc.org/ASIA/ID/country.html http://www.cides.or.id/~onno/

Summary Indonesian Internet: 

Summary Indonesian Internet Approx. 3 years of history ... More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. More Than 60.000 users. Mostly using satellite regional network. Current total speed more than 18Mbps. Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet. Considering 200 Million Indonesia Population Current Internet Population Gives No Significant Effect!

Summary Indonesian Internet: 

Summary Indonesian Internet Approx. 3 years of history ... More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. More Than 60.000 users. Mostly using satellite regional network. Current total speed more than 18Mbps. Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet. The Trick Is To Increase Significantly the Mass Then Internet Will Be Something in Indonesia

Summary Indonesian Internet: 

Summary Indonesian Internet Approx. 3 years of history ... More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. More Than 60.000 users. Mostly using satellite regional network. Current total speed more than 18Mbps. Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet. The Easiest & Cheapest Way is By Integrating All Indonesian Universities

User Composition (June 1995): 

User Composition (June 1995) Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users

User Composition (June 1995): 

User Composition (June 1995) Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users In 1996, It is believed to be dominated by Commercial ISP Users

Indonesia Internet Topology: 

Indonesia Internet Topology

Indonesia Internet Topology: 

Indonesia Internet Topology Multiple Connection To Internet With Total Speed of 18Mbps!

Indonesia Internet Topology: 

Indonesia Internet Topology Many Regional Networks Overlay On Top One Another

Indonesia Internet Topology: 

Indonesia Internet Topology There Are Some Packet Radio Networks as the Early Internet in Indonesia connected mainly to LAPAN & ITB

Indonesia Internet Topology: 

Indonesia Internet Topology ITB Runs The First Asia Pacific Backbone for Education at 2Mbps

Indonesia Speed To Internet: 

Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot)

Indonesia Speed To Internet: 

Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) It Is Increasing Exponentially

Indonesia Speed To Internet: 

Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) User Base & Regional Backbone Should Be Deployed To Sustain Such Increase!

Indonesia IT Sales: 

Indonesia IT Sales Year Million US$ Source http://www.swa.co.id

Indonesia IT Sales: 

Indonesia IT Sales Year Million US$ Source http://www.swa.co.id It is a linear increase

Major IT Users in Indonesia: 

Major IT Users in Indonesia Financial Institutions. Trade & Business Institutions. Media & Newspaper Industries. Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries.

Major IT Users in Indonesia: 

Major IT Users in Indonesia Financial Institutions. Trade & Business Institutions. Media & Newspaper Industries. Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries. Attract Most of The Indonesian Web Surfers

Major IT Users in Indonesia: 

Major IT Users in Indonesia Financial Institutions. Trade & Business Institutions. Media & Newspaper Industries. Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries. Seems To Be The Most Interested Industry in Putting Their Profile in Internet

Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet: 

Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet Check Out Various Internet Search Engines

Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet: 

Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet Check Out Various Internet Search Engines Use Indonesia as Keyword From Time To Time

Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet: 

Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet Check Out Various Internet Search Engines Thanks Goes to Many Indonesia Presence Providers

Fact Is .....: 

Fact Is ..... 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

Fact Is .....: 

Fact Is ..... 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic. The Indonesian Still Needs To Learn How To Speak Up :-) ...

Fact Is .....: 

Fact Is ..... 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic. We Need To Learn International Marketing!

Fact Is .....: 

Fact Is ..... 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic. Significant Increase From Last Year’s 10-20Mbyte / Day/ Site

Mailing List as Major Applications: 

Mailing List as Major Applications ITB hosts more than 100 mailing lists. n21@itb.ac.id. pau-mikro@itb.ac.id. hee-net@itb.ac.id indonesia-canada@itb.ac.id stock-market@itb.ac.id ekonomi-indonesia@itb.ac.id

Local Internet Capability ..: 

Local Internet Capability .. Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca sysop-l@itb.ac.id

Local Internet Capability ..: 

Local Internet Capability .. Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca sysop-l@itb.ac.id Remember By The Year 1997 Number of PC Sales - Outnumber TV Sales

Local Internet Capability ..: 

Local Internet Capability .. Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca sysop-l@itb.ac.id Indonesia Internet Will Be Dominated By More Powerful PCs ..

Local Internet Capability ..: 

Local Internet Capability .. Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca sysop-l@itb.ac.id Most Corporate Will Likely To Have Novell Network / NT Server Connected to Internet

Local Internet Capability ..: 

Local Internet Capability .. Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca sysop-l@itb.ac.id Not Many Expert Around When It Comes to Activate TCP/IP Within Novell

Local Internet Capability ..: 

Local Internet Capability .. Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: pau-mikro@ee.umanitoba.ca sysop-l@itb.ac.id Please Do Ask For Advice From These Groups If You Have Difficulties ....

Telecommunication Infrastructure.: 

Telecommunication Infrastructure. Terrestrial Segment. Space Segment.

Terrestrial Infrastructure ...: 

Terrestrial Infrastructure ... PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia - more than 30 cities & 80 major switches at 2Mbps - NATIONAL BACKBONE? PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta - approx. 17 cities - hope 31 cities in 1997 at 2Mbps - ANOTHER NATIONAL BACKBONE? WaveLAN - low cost & cheap 2Mbps!

Terrestrial Infrastructure ...: 

Terrestrial Infrastructure ... PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia - more than 30 cities & 80 major switches at 2Mbps - NATIONAL BACKBONE? PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta - approx... 17 cities - hope 31 cities in 1997 at 2Mbps - ANOTHER NATIONAL BACKBONE? WaveLAN - low cost & cheap 2Mbps! Low Cost Solution For Building 2Mbps MAN It costs us less than US$ 4000 to setup a 2Mbps node in MAN!

Wireless Terrestrial Infrastructure ...: 

Wireless Terrestrial Infrastructure ... Promising Arena For The Future ... Conventional AMPS & GSM ... Wireless Data Network

Mobile Computing: 

Mobile Computing Internet E-mail FAX SMS (GSM) Pager Stock Market

Space Segment / Infrastructure ..: 

Space Segment / Infrastructure .. Several Major Players: PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. PT. Primacom One Major Satellite Manufacturer: PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI)

Space Segment / Infrastructure ..: 

Space Segment / Infrastructure .. Three Major Players: PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. PT. Primacom One Major Satellite Manufacturer: PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI) VSAT TDMA Station Cost US$ 1500 / Month At 64Kbps ..... Not Bad For Low Internet Traffic

Space Segment / Infrastructure ..: 

Space Segment / Infrastructure .. Three Major Players: PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. PT. Primacom One Major Satellite Manufacturer: PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI) VSAT TDMA for US$ 1500 / month translated into Less Than Rp. 1000 / Student / Month For 24 hour Internet Access!

Indonesia Intenet Exchange (IX): 

Indonesia Intenet Exchange (IX) Telkom (SISFO) Telkom IndoNet RadNet ITB Indosat IBM Lintas Arta (IDOLA)

Government Computerization ..: 

Government Computerization .. Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... Ministry of Research & Technology. Ministry of Industry & Trade. State Ministry for Environment. Custom

Government Computerization ..: 

Government Computerization .. Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... Ministry of Research & Technology. Ministry of Industry & Trade. State Ministry for Environment. Custom IPTEK-NET as major ISP.

Government Computerization ..: 

Government Computerization .. Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... Ministry of Research & Technology. Ministry of Industry & Trade. State Ministry for Environment. Custom Industrial - Trade Network (INTRANET) driven by PUSDATA & KIT

Government Computerization ..: 

Government Computerization .. Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... Ministry of Research & Technology. Ministry of Industry & Trade. State Ministry for Environment. Custom http://www.bapedal.go.id driven by BAPEDAL

Government Computerization ..: 

Government Computerization .. Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions ... Ministry of Research & Technology. Ministry of Industry & Trade. State Ministry for Environment. Custom Electronic Data Interchange

NUSANTARA-21: 

NUSANTARA-21 National Information Infrastructure. Lead by Pak Parapak. Mailing List at: n21@itb.ac.id open mailing list & subscribed via majordomo@itb.ac.id.

Education & Research Network: 

Education & Research Network Lead Earlier by PUSILKOM University of Indonesia (UI) - UNINET - early ‘80. Early ‘90 - lead by IPTEK-NET- 64Kbps. (Ministry of Research & Tech). Bottom Up Development Lead By LAPAN & ITB - Packet Radio Network. 1996, ITB Runs A 2Mbps Gateway for Education & Research Community.

Education & Research Network: 

Education & Research Network

Education & Research Network: 

Education & Research Network IPTEK-NET One of The Major Gateway at 256Kbps

Education & Research Network: 

Education & Research Network University of Indonesia the Early UUCP Gateway Still Running Its UUCP service

Education & Research Network: 

Education & Research Network Packet Radio Network at 1200bps, 9600bps & Now Moving To WaveLAN Tech. 2Mbps

Education & Research Network: 

Education & Research Network More Reliable Connection Between IPTEK-NET Gateway & ITB Gateway is being initiated at 128Kbps

Education & Research Network: 

Education & Research Network 1996, ITB Runs A 2Mbps Intenet Gateway

A Glimpse on AI3 Initiatives: 

A Glimpse on AI3 Initiatives

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) The First Asia Pacific Backbone for Education & Research at 2Mbps. ITB is the gateway in Indonesia for Education & Research Purposes. Ku-Band Ground Station Has Been Installed to Catch JCSAT-3 (128E).

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) Multicast Backbone (MBONE) Caching of Web Traffic. IP Version 6 (the Next Generation) Real Time Backbone. Dynamic Configuration & Routing. Many Multimedia Traffic. Video On Demand, Multimedia on Demand & Video Teleconferences.

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) Multicast Backbone (MBONE) IP Version 6 (the Next Generation) Real Time Backbone. Dynamic Configuration & Routing. Many Multimedia Traffic. Video On Demand. Multimedia on Demand. Video Teleconferences. Major Application Will Be Virtual University - Initiated By United Nation University , Tokyo, Japan Others also very much welcome.

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) Major Hub in Nara, Japan into WIDE Project

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) Asia Pacific Partners, Indonesia, Thailand, Hongkong, Malaysia, Singapore, VietNam, Cambodia, Phillipines, Korea & Japan

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) There is effort to deploy Advanced Asia Pacific Internet Backbone Running at 155Mbps...

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) 2Mbps Clear Channel Direct Link to Nara, Japan

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) Other Universities Can Reach The AI3 Gateway by Renting VSAT TDMA Ground Station Running at 64Kbps

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) US$ 1500 / Month for VSAT TDMA Means Less Then Rp. 1000 (US$ 0.5) Per Student Per Month For 24 Hour Internet Access

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3): 

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) For those who feel Rp. 1000/ Month still expensive, the technology permits them to share the cost with surrounding universities via WaveLAN 2Mbps connection.

Major Recommendations: 

Major Recommendations Internet Exchange. Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite operators. Human Resource Development - candidates are IPTEK-NET & ITB/AI3 Gateway.

Major Recommendations: 

Major Recommendations Internet Exchange. Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite operators. Human Resource Development - candidates are IPTEK-NET & ITB/AI3 Gateway. HRD Will Be The Key To Future Development of Indonesia’s Internet ....

Major Recommendations: 

Major Recommendations Internet Exchange. Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite operators. Human Resource Development - candidates are IPTEK-NET & ITB/AI3 Gateway. Internet is build on Educated People It Is Difficult To Find Those With No Education

Human Resource Development: 

Human Resource Development 75 State Universities all over Indonesia.

Human Resource Development: 

Human Resource Development 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. More Than 1,5 Million Potential Internet Users.

Human Resource Development: 

Human Resource Development 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia.

Human Resource Development: 

Human Resource Development 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia. Could Be Another 2-3 Million Potential Internet Users.

Human Resource Development: 

Human Resource Development 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia. A Total of 5 Million Potential Internet Users is actually in Indonesia :-) ..

Human Resource Development: 

Human Resource Development 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia. A Total of 5 Million Potential Internet Users is actually in Indonesia :-) .. 10% internet users worldwide could be in Indonesia! If We can only integrate all Indonesian Universities.

5 Million Indonesian In Internet: 

5 Million Indonesian In Internet Is Not At All Impossible! In Fact, It Is A Business Opportunity.

Major Spin Off: 

Major Spin Off More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.

Major Spin Off: 

Major Spin Off More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. Assuming 50 PC / University (which is a very conservative number)

Major Spin Off: 

Major Spin Off More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. A Business In The Range of US$ 50-100 Million!

Major Spin Off: 

Major Spin Off More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. Deploying 100-200 VSAT TDMA Ground Stations.

Major Spin Off: 

Major Spin Off More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. Deploying 100-200 VSAT TDMA Ground Stations. US$ 150.000 / Month - It Should Be A Business By Itself.

Major Spin Off: 

Major Spin Off More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. Deploying 100-200 VSAT TDMA Ground Stations. Not to mention after the students completed their program ....

Major Spin Off: 

Major Spin Off More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. Deploying 100-200 VSAT TDMA Ground Stations. Not to mention after the students completed their program .... We Will Definitely See “New Middle Class” Movement Using IT Heavily ...

Major Challenges ...: 

Major Challenges ... Universities cannot be pushed / forced to participate. Not many expert on TCP/IP & networking within each university. It will be a tight & yearly program to build the community within each university - to sustain such technology.

Summary ...: 

Summary ... Yes,

Summary ...: 

Summary ... Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia.

Summary ...: 

Summary ... Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia. Human Resource Development is the real issue.

Summary ...: 

Summary ... Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia. Human Resource Development is the real issue. 5 Million Indonesian in Internet ....

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