EXPRESSIVE CULTURE: ART : EXPRESSIVE CULTURE: ART WHAT IS ART : WHAT IS ART Anything that is beautiful?
Every ordinary thing in life?
Art: high or low?
Not useful nor practical? WHAT IS ART? : WHAT IS ART? The creative use of the human imagination to interpret, express and enjoy life.
Artistic process: creative, playful and enjoyable
Art should produce some type of emotional response
Art should be transformational => symbolic
Art implies that the artist has developed a certain level of technical skill not shared equally by all people in the society. ART FORMS : ART FORMS Graphic art: painting, drawing, sculpture, weaving, basketry, and architecture
Decorative art: interior design, landscaping, gardens, costume design, and body adornment such as hairstyles, tattooing, and painting)
Performance art: music, dance and theatre
Verbal art: poetry, writing, myths, telling stories and jokes. FOLK ART vs FINE ART : FOLK ART vs FINE ART Fine art (large-scale art): created by a formally schooled artist; product made for market and associated with a particular artist; uniqueness; “art for art’s sake”; associated with the elite;
Folk art (small-scale art): artist with no formal training; not produced for market, anonymous artist; made for use in food storage and preparation, ritual or war; for roughly all people (equalitarian society); art not as a separate/distinct entity. PICASSO: GUERNICA : PICASSO: GUERNICA Slide 10: Navajo painting: ritual act (healing religion)
The painting is destroyed after the ritual is over. Slide 11: Mural painting: political purpose FUNCTIONS OF ART : FUNCTIONS OF ART Emotional gratification for the individual
(release emotional energy of artist, evoke pleasurable emotional responses from viewers)
Social integration (art forms in any given society reflect the major cultural themes and concerns of the society) ELEMENTS OF ART : ELEMENTS OF ART Line: a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point.
Shape: an enclosed space, the boundaries of which are defined by other elements of art (i.e.: lines, colors, values, textures, etc.). an enclosed space, the boundaries of which are defined by other elements of art (i.e.: lines, colors, values, textures, etc.).
Form: is a three-dimensional geometrical figure (i.e.: sphere, cube, cylinder, cone, etc.), as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat. ELEMENTS OF ART : ELEMENTS OF ART Space: refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece. Space can be positive (white or light) or negative (black or dark), open or closed, shallow or deep and two-dimensional or three-dimensional. Sometimes space isn't actually within a piece, but the illusion of it is.
Texture: used to describe either the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual "feel" of a two-dimensional work. ELEMENTS OF ART : ELEMENTS OF ART Content:
what the artist meant to portray,
what the artist actually did portray and
(3) how we react, as individuals, to both the intended and actual messages. HOW TO LOOK AT ART : HOW TO LOOK AT ART DESCRIPTION
Describe what you see.
Describe the artist's use of color. How many colors have been used?
How has the artist applied the paint?
Describe the texture.
Describe the lines in the work.
What kinds of shapes do you see? Slide 20: ANALYSIS
Is your eye drawn to any particular area of the painting?
Is there an element that stands out in the composition?
Is the composition balanced?
Does the work make you think of movement? How does the artist show movement?
Does the painting look flat or does it give a feeling of depth or space?
Where might the artist have stood while painting this picture? Slide 21: INTERPRETATION
What kind of mood or feeling do you get from the painting?
If you could imagine yourself within the painting, how would you feel?
What sounds would you hear?
Why do you think the artist choose this particular subject to paint?
What part of the landscape, building, person, animal etc. most interested the artist? Why do you think so? Slide 22: JUDGEMENT
Find an interesting painting. Why is it interesting to you?
What do you like or dislike about the work?
The more you look ... the more you will see.