Aug 24Sempris

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Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean www.cathalac.org Second AIACCMeeting for LAC, Argentina Aug. 24-27, 2004 Emilio Sempris, Director Science, Education and Policy for People: Putting Knowledge into Practice Climate Change Assessments and Capacity Building in Latin America and Caribbean

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Regional and International Centers under UNESCO CATHALAC is an autonomous regional center of excellence dedicated to improve the knowledge about the water cycle and to promote sustainable development through integrated water resources and environmental management. IHE IRTCUD IRTCES IETCUD HTHCSA RCTWSA

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Climate Change Assessments and Capacity Building in Latin America and Caribbean Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change in Central America Mexico and Cuba Mesoamerican Regional Visualization and Monitoring System & Mesoamerican Environmental Information System

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Findings of First Generation V&A Assessments As a whole, the region is not adapted to current climate; Differentiated vulnerability to climate events; 200 climate related deaths;

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Findings of First Generation V&A Assessments (2) Weak institutional frameworks to address climate change, modernization of weather services is a must; There are great uncertainties attached to the results of the assessment due to the unavailability and quality of climate system data; Political willingness & stability issues that makes the region even more vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

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Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change in Central America Mexico and Cuba

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UNFCCC Background Initial Guidance from the COP on Adaptation and Governmental Support: - Decision 11/CP1 on Stage II Adaptation: “Measures, including further capacity building which may be taken to prepare for adaptation as envisaged in Article 4.1(e)”; - Decision 2/CP4 “…..to strengthen climate change regional centers of excellence.” - UNDP-GEF NCSP Workshops 1999-2002 - Ministerial endorsement in 2001-2002; Builds upon first generation of I,V&A assessents under the UNFCCC-NC process.

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Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change in Central America Mexico and Cuba Participating Countries: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama; GEF Funding + Swiss Gov: 3.2 M USD, (UNFCCC-NAI eligibility for Enabling Activities) Duration: 3 years Implementing Agency: UNDP Systems addressed: Agriculture, Water Resources, Human Health and Coastal Zones.

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Institutional Arrangement National UNFCCC Focal Points Cuba: Meteorology Institute of the MSTE Mexico:SEMARNAT’s INE Guatemala:MARN’s CCU Honduras: MNRE El Salvador: MARN’s CCU Nicaragua:MARN’s CCO Costa Rica: Meteorological Institute Panama:ANAM’ NPCC At the Regional & International Level CATHALAC UNDP-RBLAC & UNDP-GEF NCSU

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Development Objective The project aims to strengthen the adaptive capacity of human systems to reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, including climate variability, risks and extreme events for priority systems throughout the Central America, Mexico and Cuba Region.

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Immediate Objectives and Outputs Immediate Objective 1 To strengthen systemic, institutional and individual capacity of stakeholders to further assess vulnerability and adaptation to the impacts of climate change, including climate variability, risks and extreme events, in priority systems at the regional, national and local level. Outputs Assessment of vulnerability to current climate variations for priority systems in each country; Assessment of vulnerability to future climate for a priority system in each country; Improved knowledge of current and future vulnerability shared and disseminated widely.

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Immediate Objectives and Outputs Immediate Objective 2 To strengthen systemic, institutional and individual capacity of stakeholders to develop strategies and to implement policies and measures to prepare for adaptation at the regional, national and local level. Outputs Adaptation strategy identified, with innovative policies and measures evaluated and prioritized for each priority system; National plans with recommendations to incorporate adaptation into development. Improved knowledge of current and future vulnerability shared and disseminated widely; Improved knowledge of national plan for adaptation shared and disseminated widely.

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Project Implementation Strategy

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Selected Exposition Units Mexico: El Estado Tlaxcala Guatemala: Guatemala, Departamentos Chiquimula, Jalapa y Jutiapa Honduras: Honduras, Cuenca del Rio Aguan El Salvador: El Salvador, Bajo Lempa Nicaragua: Cuenca 64 (Leon y Chinandega) Costa Rica: Costa Rica, la zona noroccidental de la region Central Panama: Cuenca del Rio Santa Maria Cuba: Provincias Holguin y las Tunas

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Mesoamerican Monitoring and Visualization System Background The Presidents of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and the USA, and the Prime Minister of Belize, met at San Salvador on March 24, 2002 to announce the continuation and expansion of the Joint Central America-United States Declaration (CONCAUSA) The CONCAUSA Plan of Action includes: To strengthen Central America's ability to prevent and manage disasters; To strengthen the Central American countries' capacity to adapt to climate change and to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions; To increase the region's competitiveness in world markets….. using a comprehensive approach; To achieve greater harmonization of environmental legislation, enforcement and compliance…..

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Forest Fires IWRM MEIS (SIAM) Urban and Rural Planning ICZM Carbon Cycle Weather Forecast EWS and DSS Energy and Water Balances Climate Scenarios CCAD CATHALAC

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Private Sector and NGOs INSTITUTOS DE INVESTIGACION UNIVERSIDADES ONG’S Others Governmental Institutions -I G N -METEOROLOGIA E HIDROLOGIA BIODIVERSIDAD (SERVICIOS FORESTALES, AREAS PROTEJIDAS) AGRICULTURA PREVENCION DE DESASTRES CAMBIO CLIMATICO Fiscalía Ambiental CATHALAC-CCAD BEL GUA ELS HON NIC CR PAN SINIA SIA TC SIAM LIC-BEL SIA-MARN GUA SIA-MARN ESL SINA-SERNA SIG-SINAC SINIA-ANAM SINIA-MARENA Mesoamerican Environmental Information System SIAM CCAD,2003

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Private Sector and NGOs INSTITUTOS DE INVESTIGACION UNIVERSIDADES ONG’S Others Governmental Institutions -I G N -METEOROLOGIA E HIDROLOGIA BIODIVERSIDAD (SERVICIOS FORESTALES, AREAS PROTEJIDAS) AGRICULTURA PREVENCION DE DESASTRES CAMBIO CLIMATICO Fiscalía Ambiental C C A D BEL GUA ELS HON NIC CR PAN SINIA SIA TC SIAM LIC-BEL SIA-MARN GUA SIA-MARN ESL SINA-SERNA SIG-SINAC SINIA-ANAM SINIA-MARENA Mesoamerican Environmental Information System SIAM

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Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean www.cathalac.org Second AIACCMeeting for LAC, Argentina Aug. 24-27, 2004 Emilio Sempris, Director Science, Education and Policy for People: Putting Knowledge into Practice Climate Change Assessments and Capacity Building in Latin America and Caribbean

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