Lesson 11

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Demographics of Drug Users and Drug Related Harm:

Demographics of Drug Users and Drug Related Harm

Overview::

Overview: Age and drug use Gender and drug use Mental health and drug use Geographic area and drug use Ethnicity and drug use Socioeconomic status and drug related harm

Age and drug use- 1:

Age and drug use- 1 Survey research consistently finds that age is one of the best predictors of illicit drug use The 2012 NSDUH reported the highest levels of illicit drug use among individuals between 16 and 25 years of age

Age and drug use - 2:

Age and drug use - 2

Gender and drug use:

Gender and drug use Higher percentages of men than women are consistently found to use illicit substances The 2012 NSDUH found sex differences in the prevalence of past 30 day illicit drug use among respondents aged 12 and older Males 11.6% Females 6.9%

Mental health and drug use - 1:

Mental health and drug use - 1 About 30% of people meeting criteria for drug abuse show some form of other mental disorder Comorbidity refers to the presence of 2 or more psychiatric disorders in the same individual With variation by disorder, a higher proportion of people with mental disorders meet criteria for substance abuse than those without disorders (Julien 2001): Schizophrenia: 47% Anxiety disorder: 24% Obsessive-compulsive disorder: 33% Bipolar disorder 50% Depression 32%

Mental health and drug use - 2:

Mental health and drug use - 2 Self-medication has been proposed to explain the high comorbidity between substance abuse and mental illness For example depressives taking stimulants, and people suffering from anxiety taking depressants While those with mental pathology show higher levels of drug use, particular mental disorders are not reliably linked with the use of particular drugs Comorbidity between drug use and other mental illness has treatment and social implications: Treat the mental illness, as well as the substance abuse Consider how many of those imprisoned for drug offenses may be suffering from another mental illness

Geographic area and drug use:

Geographic area and drug use Prevalence of current illicit drug use varies from 9.9% in large metropolitan areas to 4.8% (range = 5.1%) in rural non-metropolitan areas (NSDUH 2012)

Ethnicity and drug use:

Ethnicity and drug use The 2012 NSDUH report shows the highest drug use among mixed races, Native Americans and blacks; with intermediate levels among Pacific Islanders, Hispanics and whites; and the lowest use among Asian groups

Socioeconomic status and drug harm – 1:

Socioeconomic status and drug harm – 1 Socioeconomic status (i.e., social class) is typically defined by level of income and education Some things that can be said about SES and drug use: Drug use and abuse occurs at virtually all SES levels (business exec./movie star to skid row alcoholic/inner city youth – drug use is an equal opportunity practice) People of lower SES are more likely to suffer serious harm from substance use and abuse (become homeless, resort to crime for income, end up in jail)

Socioeconomic status and drug related harm - 2:

Socioeconomic status and drug related harm - 2 The 2012 NSDUH found that college graduates (age 26 and older) reported: A higher prevalence (51.1%) of lifetime drug use than those who had not completed high school (38.4%) A lower prevalence (5.9%) of current drug use than those who had not completed high school (8.5%)

Socioeconomic status and drug related harm - 3:

Socioeconomic status and drug related harm - 3 Those of higher SES have more: to lose by sustained drug abuse and more to gain by controlling their drug use (social bonds) economic resources to prevent drug related harms …and are more likely to have: better social networks to care for them better legal counsel if arrested for their drug use Question: Why don’t we do more to address poverty?

authorStream Live Help