Bosnar Ksenija

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Gender, age and sport experience in sport preference cluster definition Ksenija Bosnar1, Jelka Gošnik2 and Franjo Prot1 Faculty of Kinesiology1, University of Zagreb, Croatia Faculty of Philosophy2, University of Zagreb, Croatia

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The research of sport interests 1. as the fundmental research of mental representations of well defined motor activities

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The research of sport interests as the fundamental research of mental representations of well defined motor activities factor analyses of the structure of sport interests the relationship of interests and semantic knowledge of different sports

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The research of sport interests as the fundamental research of mental representations of well defined motor activities Prot, Gošnik & Bosnar (2003.): The structure of mental representation of motor activity that was performed by subject differs from one that is known but was never performed.

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The research of sport interests 2. as the research in the field of sport psychology

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The research of sport interests as the research in the field of sport psychology - the research of sport interests as predictors or explanatory variables of the behavior the research of the development of interests gender differences, differences regarding residential status

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The research of sport interests as the research in the field of sport psychology Bosnar, Gošnik, Hošek-Momirović & Prot (2004): The differences in metropolitan and small town way of life reflect in sport preferences of elementary school boys. Sport interests in small town boys are more traditional than in metropolitan boys.

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The research of sport interests 3. as the applied research which results can be used to plan some intervening action

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The research of sport interests as the applied research which results can be used to plan some intervening action Gošnik et al. (2002): planning sport activities at the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb Could help to answer the question of Karlefors (2006) How to increase physical activity in Swedish schools and pre-schools?

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Five factors model of sport interests (Bosnar & Prot, 2006) Factor of traditional sports Team sports factor Combat sports factor Factor of sports with marked aesthetic component Factor of outdoor and adventurous sports

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Factor of traditional sports, defined by swimming, skiing. sport gymnastics, athletics, and cycling; Team sports factor, including volleyball, basketball, football, handball, and field hockey; Combat sports factor, including judo, box, taekwondo, wrestling and karate; Factor of sports with marked aesthetic component, including skating, rhythmic gymnastics, dance, diving and synchronised swimming; Factor of outdoor and adventurous sports, defined by scuba diving, mountaineering, water skiing, surfing and parachuting

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The analysis of five clusters of subjects defined by sport preferences (Prot, Gošnik and Bosnar, 2006): The description of clusters doesn't reproduce the factors of sport interests!

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subjects preferring sports with marked aesthetic component, some sports on water and equestrian, and rejecting the number of "male" sports. subjects preferring dance, tennis, roller-skating and badminton, and rejecting "male" sports. subjects with above average values of preferences on all sports. subjects with marked above average interests in football, ice hockey, rowing, shooting and motor-sport, and evident under average interests in dance, aerobics, synchronized swimming and rhythmic gymnastics. subjects preferring football and basketball, being neutral to tennis, table tennis, handball, cycling and motor-sport, and rejecting all the other sports

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Problem: are gender, age and sport experience important in sport preference cluster definition?

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Subjects 1294 urban elementary school pupils aged 11 -15 years (685 boys, 609 girls) devided in five groups. Groups were defined as five distinct clusters obtained by k-means analysis of sport preference scale results.

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subjects preferring sports with marked aesthetic component, some sports on water and equestrian, and rejecting the number of "male" sports. subjects preferring dance, tennis, roller-skating and badminton, and rejecting "male" sports. subjects with above average values of preferences on all sports. subjects with marked above average interests in football, ice hockey, rowing, shooting and motor-sport, and evident under average interests in dance, aerobics, synchronized swimming and rhythmic gymnastics. subjects preferring football and basketball, being neutral to tennis, table tennis, handball, cycling and motor-sport, and rejecting all the other sports

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Discriminant analysis was performed on groups (clusters) with variables gender grade level of sport experience

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Table 1. The results of discriminant analysis

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Table 2. Standardized discriminant function coefficients (C) and correlations with discriminant functions (S)

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Group centroids BOYS GIRLS ELDER preferring sports with marked aesthetic component, rejecting the number of "male" sports preferring dance, tennis, roller-skating and badminton, rejecting "male" sports above average values of interests in all sports YOUNGER interests in football, ice hockey, rowing, shooting and motor-sport, rejecting “female" sports preferring football and basketball, being neutral to tennis, table tennis, handball, cycling and motor-sport, and rejecting all the other sports

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The results confirm importance of gender in sport preference cluster formation!

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THANK YOU!!!

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