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Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products Pierre Bee, VP / pierre@orbeco.net

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What is Green? Recycling? Energy conservation? (fluorescent light bulbs instead of standard0 Water conservation? (new shower head and reuse linen program in hotels) Waste program? Chemicals? Green = health Where to start? Chemicals used by janitors/housekeepers for 8 hours a day, at least 5 days a week ….= potential physical injuries/damage Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products

Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products : 

Impact on Human Health Impact on Indoor Air Quality A market ready for a transition to “Green” cleaning products Why choose “Green” cleaning products? Certifications/Accreditations Who is Orbeco, Inc? Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products

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Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products 1. Impact on Human Health 127 janitors died in the US between 1993 and 2001 as a result of the cleaning products they were using Source: “US Bureau of Labor Statistics” – Leas: www.leas.ca US market for janitorial and housekeeping cleaning products is estimated at $3.2 billion in 2006 Source: Janitorial and Housekeeping Cleaning Products USA 2006, Kline and Company There are 100,000 commercial chemicals in North America – perhaps 500 or less than 1,000 have ever really been studied. Source: “Cleaning For Health: Products and Practices for a Safer Indoor Environment”; Alicia Culver, Senior Research Associate; Inform Inc. / Dr. Bruce Fowler, University of Maryland. - only half tested for toxicity

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6 out of every 100 janitors are injured on the job because of the chemicals they are using. Source: Janitorial Products Pollution Prevention Project …at an average cost of $725 in medical and lost time per reported injury. Source: “Cleaning For Health: Products and Practices for a Safer Indoor Environment”; Alicia Culver, Senior Research Associate; Inform Inc. …US institutions spend $75 million a year on medical expenses and lost time wages Cleaning products were responsible for nearly 10% of all toxic exposures reported to U.S. Poison Control Centers in 2000. Impact on Human Health

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According to some estimates, one-third of the cleaning products currently in use contain ingredients known to cause human health or environmental problems. Source: Green Seal’s newsletter – June 2004 2-butoxyethanol, a common ingredient in cleaning products, is a toxin suspected of causing learning disabilities in children as well as liver an kidney damage. This chemical can be absorbed directly through the skin. Source: LEAS: www.leas.ca Approximately 10% of total non-vehicular emissions of VOCs are due to cleaning products, which can trigger respiratory problems. Source: Government Procurement / October 2004 Impact on Human Health

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2. Impact on Indoor Air Quality Volatile Organic Compounds = VOC = common air pollutant = public health hazard Found in everything from painting and coatings to deodorant and cleaning fluids. Health effects in occupants ranging from headaches and dry eyes to nausea, dizziness and fatigue EPA (Environement Protection Agency) considers Indoor Air Quality as the number one environmental health problem. 20% of all employees have a major illness related to Indoor Air Pollution (such as allergies, asthma etc…) Asthma cases have increased by more than 100% since 1976 Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products

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Most people spend well over 90% of their time indoors. Indoor Air is 2 to 10 times more hazardous than outdoor air. Source: US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) World Health organization estimates that 30% of all buildings experience IAQ problems 50% of illnesses are aggravated or caused by polluted indoor air Source: American College of Allergies Limits in VOCs determined by Air Resource Board (California Code of Regulations) Glass Cleaner :< 3% VOCs General Cleaner: <1% VOCs (applications: concrete, tiles, walls) Carpet Cleaner: <0.1% VOCs Impact on Indoor Air Quality

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Air Resource Board: Section 94509 of California Code of Regulations: application Jan. 1, 2001 /enforced in 2005: made illegal all cleaning products with solvents “No person shall sell, supply, offer for sale, or manufacture for sale in California any consumer product, which at the time of sale or manufacture, contains volatile organic compounds in excess of the limits specified in the following Table of Standards.” The fine for violating air pollution regulation could be up to $50,000 per day. Source: Air Resource Board., A department of the California Environmental Protection Agency Several northeastern states (members of the Ozone Transport Commission) are regulating the VOC levels of many consumer products with the goal of improving air quality. Impact on Indoor Air Quality

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3. A market ready for a transition to “Green” cleaning products More than 75% American travelers feel it is important that their visits have no or limited impact on the Environment. Source: Travel Industry Association Nearly 75% of workers would rather work for an employer with “green” offices. Source: Fast Company, November 10, 2006 Less than 2% of US properties participating in “green” lodging programs (certification and affiliation) Survey of 200 distributors shows that 93% of respondents feel their company’s vision or direction in selling green products is “very good” or “excellent”. Source: Altura Solutions Communications, May 2006 State / Cities / Counties / Hotel chains - Boutiques Hotels: EPP programs Manufacturers: efficient and price competitive “green” cleaning products Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products

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4. Why choose “Green” cleaning products? Some “Green” products now perform as well as or better than similar conventional cleaning chemicals No need of extra efforts/work with “green” products Cost competitive Protect the health of users, building occupants, and the environment Reduce absenteeism Higher productivity of employees Injury reduction Limit risk of liability and/or lawsuits Create a Marketing advantage Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products

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Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products 5. Recognized Certifications and accreditations Green Seal - www.greenseal.org Woolsafe - www.woolsafe.org Hospitals for a Healthy Environment www.h2e-online.org USGBC (LEED Member) - www.usgbc.org Green Hotels Association - www.greenhotels.com Co-Op America - www.coopamerica.org

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Green Seal certifies that the product tested is safe for Humans, Animals and the Environment (based on the California Code of Regulations) Certification GS-37: Industrial and Institutional Cleaners Glass Cleaner :< 3% VOCs General Cleaner: <1% VOCs (applications: concrete, tiles, walls) Carpet Cleaner: <0.1% VOCs Green Seal does not certify Spotter and Odor Neutralizer Certifications and accreditations

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Woolsafe certifies that the product tested is efficient and safe for carpets Does clean like a deep-cleaner Does not damage the carpet fibers: longer lifetime Does not promote re-soiling Keeps the texture of the fibers intact All four Orbeco’s products are Certified by Woolsafe Certifications and accreditations

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Hospitals for a Healthy Environment, H2E, organizations are committed to the virtual elimination of mercury, general waste reduction, and the minimization of toxic substances used in healthcare. H2E supports the design, construction and cooperation of healthcare facilities that significantly improve our collective impact on human and environmental health. Orbeco Inc. has joined Hospitals for a Healthy Environment, supporting the National Movement for Environmentally Sustainable Health Care. H2E is a voluntary partnership program sponsored by the American Hospital Association, the US EPA, Health Care without Harm and the American Nurses Association. Certifications and accreditations

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USGBC, LEED Member The U.S. Green Building is the nation’s foremost coalition of leaders from across the building industry working to promote buildings that are environmentally responsible, profitable and healthy places to live and work. * In order to be LEED certified a building needs to reach at least 32 points. Green cleaning can receive a maximum of nine points: up to three for the purchase of green cleaning products and up to six points for green-cleaning related policies and procedures * The General Services Administration (GSA) which operates as the federal government’s landlord has issued a report that found the council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) system to be the most credible among five systems evaluated. Certifications and accreditations

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Green Hotels Association is committed to encourage, promote and support ecological consciousness in the Hospitality industry. For over ten years, “Green” Hotels Association is releasing a very comprehensive Guidelines and Ideas book revealing how to reduce bills as well as the hotel’s impact on the Environment. Evolut-Ion Carpet Cleaner is approved by “Green” Hotels Association. Certifications and accreditations

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Co-Op America recognizes Orbeco's commitments and accomplishments as a Green Business. Co-op America's mission is to harness economic power—the strength of consumers, businesses and the marketplace—to create a socially just and environmentally sustainable society. Co-op America's Business Network is the oldest, largest, and most diverse network of socially and environmentally responsible businesses in America. The Co-op America Business Seal of Approval designates Orbeco Inc has successfully completed Co-op America's screening process. Certifications and accreditations

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Orbeco, Inc., manufacturer of Green carpet cleaning products is the first and only company in its field to be certified as a Green Business by the City and County of San Francisco. This certification, after a thorough examination confirms the safety of its products and environmental practices. The San Francisco Green Business Program is a voluntary program that encourages businesses to take proactive actions that are good for their bottom line and the environment. It is a partnership of City Agencies that promote, recognize and provide hands-on support to local businesses that operate in an environmentally responsible way. Certifications and accreditations

Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products : 

Environmental and human health impacts of cleaning products 6. Who is Orbeco Inc.? Manufacturer of certified safe and efficient cleaning products by WoolSafe and/or Green Seal. Product line name: Philosophy: to manufacture products that clean at least as well as traditional cleaning chemicals but do not affect negatively the indoor environment and that are safe for the guests and staff. Family owned business, started in Monaco 15 years of experience in Europe San Francisco based since Sept. 2005 Customers on both sides of the Atlantic Recipient of many awards 1st and only cleaning chemical manufacturer company certified by the City and County of San Francisco as a Green Business.

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Ph: +1 866-9ORBECO or 415-292-7749 Fax: +1 415-292-7744 Website: www.orbeco.net Email: info@orbeco.net Pierre Bee, VP pierre@orbeco.net Cell: 415.637.9504 Who is Orbeco Inc?

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