B2 U09 A

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Unit 9 : Part A 21st Century College English: Book 2 Get Ready for Some Wild Weather

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Unit Nine: Part A Pre-Reading Activities Intensive Study Exercises Assignment

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Pre-Reading Activities Listening Warm-up Questions

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As you listen to the passage, circle the words from the list that you hear. Pre-reading Activities: Listening Script ice hate perish snow fear suffice frost despair hold with rain desire know of fire sorrow wonder fog confusion suffer wind corruption favor

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Pre-reading Activities: Listening Fire and Ice by Robert Frost Some say the world will end in fire, Some say in ice. From what I’ve tasted of desire, I hold with those who favor fire. But if it had to perish twice, I think I know enough of hate To say that for destruction ice Is also great, and would suffice.

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Pre-reading Activities: Warm-up Questions Natural disasters are as fascinating as they are frightening. What forms do they take, and what do you know about their courses?

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Intensive Study Difficult sentences Key words, phrases & usages Comprehension exercises Intensive Study

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Get Ready for Some Wild Weather Per Ola & Emily D'aulaire     1 In March of 1997, Stephen Zebiak stared at his computer screen in alarm. The veteran climate researcher saw indications of a worldwide weather event that, over the years, has been blamed for droughts and floods, famine, fires and thousands of deaths. Called El Niño, it is the most disruptive climatic phenomenon on the planet. Intensive Study

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2 Zebiak and Mark Cane, research scientists at Columbia University, had developed a computerized forecast model that correctly predicted El Niño's occurrences in 1982, ’86 and ’91, and it had pointed to a recurrence in ’98. But the data appearing on Zebiak’s screen from satellite and sea-surface monitors across the Pacific were unmistakable: El Niño was already beginning. A huge pool of warm water — larger than the United States and some 600 feet deep — was moving slowly but surely eastward toward South America. Intensive Study

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3 In June the equatorial trade winds reversed direction from westward to eastward. By September, waters off Northern California were roughly 17 degrees warmer than normal. Off the Washington coast, stunned fishermen caught tropical fish that seldom stray that far north. Storms were flooding central Chile, and heavier-than-normal snowfalls in the Andes trapped hundreds in the bitter cold. And all of this only foretold of even more devastating weather for the fall and winter. Intensive Study

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4 El Niño means “little boy” in Spanish; when capitalized, it refers to the Christ child. This innocent-sounding name originated in the 19th century, when Peruvian sailors noticed that every few years around Christmastime, waters near the coasts warmed up and the current shifted southward. But this “little boy” plays havoc around the globe. Intensive Study

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5 El Niño occurs when weather patterns in the tropical Pacific shift violently. Normally, strong westward-blowing trade winds off South America push surface water toward Asia. Just as blowing on hot coffee pushes the liquid up against the opposite side of the cup, the trade winds pile warm water against the coastlines of Australia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Above the warm water, moist air rises, lowering atmospheric pressure and triggering the tropical showers that nourish the rain forests of Asia. Meanwhile high-altitude winds travel back toward South America. There, the cooled air sinks, raising atmospheric pressure and suppressing rain along most of the Pacific coast, making it one of the driest regions in the world. Intensive Study

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6 But with El Niño, the pattern reverses. Atmospheric pressure in the Western Pacific rises, setting the stage for drought from Australia to India. The trade winds decrease, or in extreme years reverse to blow eastward. As a result, a huge mass of warm water flows back toward South America, causing storms from Chile to California. Meanwhile, over the Pacific, ten-mile-high storm clouds further heat the atmosphere, fueling a stronger-than-normal jet stream, which often splits in two. One branch moves north, warming the Pacific Northwest, central Canada and Alaska. Another branch surges south, producing heavy rains in the U.S. Gulf States and Southwest. Intensive Study

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7 El Niño's vast impact on humans has often been catastrophic. The El Niño of 1982-83 inflicted $13 billion in damage and claimed some 2,000 lives. In Australia day turned to night when a dust storm blanketed Melbourne; brush fires raged in its wake. In place of its normal monsoon, Southern India got dried-up crops and the threat of mass starvation. At the same time, violent rainstorms devastated the Western Hemisphere: Peru’s fishing industry — once one of the richest in the world — was wiped out, and seaside towns were washed into the Pacific. Intensive Study

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8 Is there a good side to El Niño? There can be. Zebiak notes that the number of tropical hurricanes in the Atlantic is reduced during an El Niño year. One theory is that winds created by El Niño shear off the tops of Atlantic hurricanes, aborting them before they reach full force. And a team of scientists in Israel who study tree rings and satellite cloud pictures concluded that El Niño may bring precious moisture to the thirsty Middle East. “It is perhaps fitting that El Niño — the Christ child — should have a link to the Holy Land,” notes scientist Dan Yakir. Intensive Study

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9 This year, scientists around the world are keeping a sharp eye on El Niño. They know that the greater the temperature rise in Pacific waters off South America, the more powerful the El Niño. And this year’s waters have heated up unusually fast. Climate-change researcher Michael Ghil of UCLA expects the impact to be “substantial.” Ants Leetmaa, director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Climate Prediction Center in Maryland, agrees: This El Niño is shaping up as one of the most powerful ever. Intensive Study

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10 According to forecasters, hardest hit in this country will likely be California, where heavy rains can send houses sliding down muddy slopes onto washed-out coastal highways. The nation’s southern states — from California to Florida — can expect cooler and wetter weather than normal this winter and spring, with extensive storms in some areas. The Northwest should be warmer and drier than normal. Intensive Study

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11 Wetter-than-normal conditions are expected in much of South America. The Asian monsoon rains could fail, resulting in food shortages in India. In Australia, where El Niño typically means drought, strict water conservation is already under way. 12 El Niño’s effects won’t just be climatic, of course — the global economy is sure to suffer as well. Drought in Brazil and flooding in Colombia may result in higher prices for coffee and other crops. And fishing industries from Ecuador to California are already being hurt. Intensive Study

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13 Clearly, the more accurately scientists can forecast El Niño, the more people everywhere can prepare. Insurance companies, farmers, power and irrigation companies, public-safety agencies and even tourist boards could benefit from knowing in advance when El Niño will strike. 14 “Reliable forecasting is still in its infancy,” states Mark Cane. Someday, perhaps, scientists will be able to predict exactly how El Niño will behave. But for now, batten down the hatches and get ready for some wild weather! (985 words) Intensive Study

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point to/ towards — indicate that (sth.) exists or is likely to exist in the future; give signs of e.g. His questions point to a desire to know some important truth. All indications point to an early spring. Translate The evidence all pointed to Simpson as the murderer. Key 所有的证据都显示辛普森是凶手。

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Text-related information

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waters n. (pl.) — an area of sea, esp. one that is near a country and is regarded as belonging to that country e.g. the coastal waters of Alaska the territorial waters of neutral waters off Northern California More to learn

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off prep. — in or on the sea and quite close to the coast of e.g. Taiwan and Hainan are the two islands off the mainland of China. The new oil field is located two miles off shore. waters off Northern California

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e.g The book was about that thick. I was that annoyed; I could have screamed. that ad. — to that degree; so that far north — as far north as that; so far north

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The conj. + V-ed structure (here “when capitalized”) is grammatically known as abbreviated clause, the omitted parts being normally a form of the verb be and a pronoun subject having the same reference as the noun or pronoun subject in the main clause of the sentence. Abbreviated –ed clauses may follow after, before, since, when, while, until, though, as if, if, unless, etc. e.g. Unless/Even if (I am) invited, I won’t go. Once (it was) published, the book became a bestseller. when capitalized, it refers to the Christ child More to do

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1. Michael used to look hurt and surprised _____(受到责骂时). 2. _____ (如果细心地做), the experiment will be successful. X. Complete each of the following sentence, using a conj. + V-ed clause. When scolded If carefully done Exercises • Structure 《读写教程 II》: Ex. X, p. 259

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3. Leave the chicken in the oven _____ (直到烧透). 4. _____ (如种在肥沃的土壤里), the tree will grow very quickly. until thoroughly cooked If planted in rich soil X. Complete each of the following sentence, using a conj. + V-ed clause. Exercises • Structure

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5. _____ (虽然损失由保险负担), Tom was annoyed about the accident. 6. I won’t go _____ (除非受到邀请). Although covered by insurance unless invited Exercises • Structure X. Complete each of the following sentence, using a conj. + V-ed clause.

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e.g. The riots were triggered (off) by a series of police arrests. The smoke triggered off the alarm. Translate Even the smallest diplomatic incident can trigger a major international conflict. Key 即便最小的外交事件也可能触发严重的国际冲突。 trigger (off) vt. — make (sth.) happen every quickly (esp. a series of violent events); set (an action or process) in motion triggering the tropical showers that nourish the rain forests of Asia More to learn

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triggering the tropical showers that nourish the rain forests of Asia — causing the fall of tropical heavy rains that provide sufficient water for the growth of the Asian rain forests Drill in V-ing phrases: Complete the following sentences with V-ing phrases from the words in parentheses. 1. At night long he lay awake _____. (worry/ his financial problems 2. One politician went even further, _____. (imply/ the Princess lacked the intelligence/ understand/ complex issue) worrying about his financial problems implying the Princess lacked the intelligence to understand such a complex issue.

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set the stage for (sth.) — prepare the conditions for (sth.); make (sth.) possible e.g. We have set the stage for a completely new society. The president’s recent death set the stage for a military coup. Fill in the blank: The talks between the two leaders _____ (为达成和平 协议作好了准备). have set the stage for a peace agreement to be reached

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fuel vt. — make (sth. already difficult or unpleasant) worse; make (sb.’s) feeling stronger e.g. Big wage increases have fueled inflation. Rumors of street fighting were fueled by the press. Translate The attempts to stop the strike only fueled the workers’ resentment. Key 试图终止罢工的举措不过是给工人们的愤恨火上浇油。

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Text-related information

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Text-related information the Gulf States The Gulf States are the U.S. states that border the Gulf of Mexico. They are Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas.

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inflict sth. (on sb.) — cause sth. to be suffered by (sb.) e.g. The judge inflicted the severest possible penalty. The bombing inflicted great suffering on the local residents. The El Niño of 1982-83 inflicted $13 billion in damage and claimed some 2,000 lives. More to learn

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claim vt. — (of a disaster, an accident, etc.) cause the loss or death of (sb.) e.g. The earthquake claimed thousands of lives. The war claimed the lives of thousands of civilians. The El Niño of 1982-83 inflicted $13 billion in damage and claimed some 2,000 lives.

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in sth.’s wake/ in the wake of sth. — coming behind or after sth.; right after usu. as a result of sth. e.g. The car left clouds of dust in its wake. Enrichment of human knowledge comes in the wake of discoveries and inventions. Fill in the blank: Famine came _____ (紧随着水灾). in the wake of disastrous flood

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Text-related information More to learn

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in place of — instead of e.g. In place of our advertised program, we will be showing a film. This task is carried out by robots in place of human workers. In place of its normal monsoon, Southern India got dried-up crops and the threat of mass starvation. More to learn

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— Instead of having the normal wet season, Southern India had bad crops because of the drought, and a large number of people were likely to be starved. In place of its normal monsoon, Southern India got dried-up crops and the threat of mass starvation.

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devastate vt. — destroy terribly; cause great damage to e.g. The bomb devastated the city center. The fire swept through the theatre, devastating the entire building. Many scientists think that within a century the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere would devastate the world.

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wipe out — remove;destroy completely e.g. Doctors are searching for a cure that will wipe out cancer. As time went on, those unpleasant events were gradually wiped out of his memory.

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When used before a number, “force” is a measure of the speed and strength of the wind. e.g. a force 9 gale The ship had an engine failure in a Force Ten. … shear off the tops of Atlantic hurricanes, aborting them before they reach full force More to learn

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— … take away the sweeping force of the Atlantic hurricanes, and stop them from becoming very violent … shear off the tops of Atlantic hurricanes, aborting them before they reach full force

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— (Devastating to most posts of the world, El Niño is good for the Middle East by bringing precious moisture to the parched land; so) we may properly assume that there should be some connection between the two — El Niño, which means “the Christ child” and the Middle East, where the Holy Land Palestine is located. It is perhaps fitting that El Niño — the Christ child — should have a link to the Holy Land

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shape up — develop or progress in a certain way e.g. Our plans are shaping up well. The campaign is shaping up as one of the most intensive sales campaigns ever. Drill Make a sentence with “shape up”.

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hard hit (or hard-hit) — severely stricken by misfortune, grief, or disaster e.g. Scotland was hardest hit during the recession. The family was hard hit by the financial crisis in southeast Asia.

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fail vi. — run out or be lacking while still needed or expected e.g. The crops failed because of drought. At the last moment his courage failed. He walked away from her door without knocking. Translate 她没有对家庭尽到责任。 Key She failed in her obligations to the family.

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under way — happening; in progress e.g. Preparations for the art festival are now well under way. Efforts to conserve the rain forest are under way. Drill Make a sentence with “under way”.

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in advance — beforehand; ahead e.g. Write to me in advance if you decide to come. The landlord demanded that she should pay the rent six months in advance. Fill in the blank: You have to reserve your seat _____ (至少提前三个 礼拜). at least 3 weeks in advance

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be in one’s infancy — start to develop e.g. The science of cybernetics is still in its infancy. Space travel is in its infancy now. Translate The educational reform is in its infancy: there is much room for improvement. Key 教育改革仍处于初级阶段:有许多尚待改进的地方。

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someday ad. — (also spelled some day) at a date in the future, unknown or not yet fixed e.g. Some day my dream will come true. I hope that someday we’ll have enough money to buy a house. Cf. the other day — at a date in the recent past; a few days ago e.g. I saw David the other day. Have you forgotten what happened the other day?

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batten down the hatches — prepare for a period of difficulty or trouble e.g. The tornado is coming, we’d better batten down the hatches so as to minimize the losses. My sister’s children were coming to stay so we had to batten down the hatches. Drill Make a sentence with “batten down the hatches”.

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Exercises Comprehension Vocabulary Listening

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Answer the following questions: 1. Why was Stephen Zebiak alarmed by what he saw on his computer screen? Key: Because it showed that one of the most disruptive climatic phenomena on Earth was starting earlier than his computerized forecast had predicted. Comprehension 《读写教程 II》: Ex. II, p. 253

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2. What precisely was the indication that El Niño was already beginning? Answer the following questions: Key: A huge pool of warm water that was moving toward South America. Comprehension

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3. How did El Niño get its name? Answer the following questions: Key: 19th-century Peruvian sailors noticed that every few years around Christmastime, waters near the coasts warmed up and the current shifted southward. They named this phenomenon after the Christ child because of the timing of it recurrences. Comprehension

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4. Briefly list how El Niño affects conditions in the following regions: a) the Western Pacific: ___________________________ b) from Australia to India: ________________________ c) the west coast of South America: _____________________________________________ d) the Pacific Northwest, central Canada and Alaska: _____________________________________________ e) the US Gulf States and Southwest: ___________________________ Answer the following questions: Comprehension Atmospheric pressure rises. Droughts occur. A huge mass of warm water flows toward it, causing storms. One branch of a stronger-than-usual jet stream warms them. Heavy rains fall.

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5. What are two positive effects of El Niño? Answer the following questions: Key: It reduces the number of hurricanes in the Atlantic, and it may bring moisture to the Middle East. Comprehension

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6. What were forecasters predicting for the following areas at the time the article was written? a) California: _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ b) South America: _________________________________________________ c) Asia: _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ d) Australia: _________________________ Answer the following questions: Comprehension Heavy rains could send houses sliding down muddy slopes onto washed-out coastal highways. Wetter-than-normal conditions were expected. The Asian monsoon rains could fail, resulting in food shortages in India. Drought was expected.

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7. What effects were expected on the global economy? What effects were already being felt? Answer the following questions: Key: Higher prices were expected for coffee and other crops. Fishing industries were already being hurt. Comprehension

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8. What does the last sentence of the article mean? Answer the following questions: Key: It means that no one could predict exactly what effects to expect from El Niño, everyone should take steps to ensure their security. Comprehension

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Vocabulary

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III. Fill in the blanks with some of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 1. Storms cause ______ damage to seaside towns every year.  extensive 2. This kind of football _____ at the Rugby School in England, which is why it’s called rugby football.  originated 《读写教程 II》: Ex. III, p. 254 Exercises • Vocabulary

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III. Fill in the blanks with some of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 3. I know auto_____ is expensive, but if you have an accident, you’ll be glad you invested in it.  insurance 4. In overcrowded cities like Hong Kong and Shanghai, every small piece of land is _____.  precious Exercises • Vocabulary

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III. Fill in the blanks with some of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 5. To ease the energy shortage, we should concentrate both on the _____ of natural resources and on research into new sources of energy.  conservation 6. Scientists exploring the _____ between animal behavior and natural disasters have actually predicted the _____ of earthquakes by observing horses.  link  occurrence Exercises • Vocabulary

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III. Fill in the blanks with some of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 7. He was called “ Baby Face” because he looked so ____ that people never suspected he was a ____ criminal.  innocent 8. It was reported that the accident was caused by a cow that had ______ into the road.  strayed  violent Exercises • Vocabulary

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III. Fill in the blanks with some of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 9. Their study found many _____ that the economy is slowly recovering.  indications 10. Most plants are _____ by water drawn up through their root.  nourished Exercises • Vocabulary

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IV. Rescue these sentences! Our underachieving students wrote the sentences below, trying to use an expression from the text in each one – but they got all the prepositions mixed up, and made various other mistakes as well. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put a definition, synonym or translation of the corrected expressions in the spaces provided. 《读写教程 II》: Ex. IV, p. 254 Exercises • Vocabulary

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1. The police have been *keeping eyes upon the spy ever since he entered the country. correct form: definition: keeping an eye on, keeping a sharp eye on watching closely 2. The entire university would *benefit of the proposed increase in tuition. correct form: translation: benefit from 得益于 Exercises • Vocabulary

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3. Entire villages were *wiped up by the devastating floods. correct form: synonym: wiped out destroyed 4. The organizers say this year’s graduation party is *shaping away like the most wonderful ever. correct form: definition: shaping up as developing into Exercises • Vocabulary

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5. It’s a very popular hotel; if you want to stay there you need to make your reservation at least a month *of advance. correct form: synonym: in advance before, beforehand, earlier 6. After years of delay, the irrigation project is finally *in our way. correct form: definition: under way in progress Exercises • Vocabulary

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7. The invention of printing *settled a stage after a new cultural era. correct form: translation: set the stage for 为…创造条件(或做准备) 8. The strange patterns seemed to *point out the existence of intelligent life on the planet. correct form: synonym: point to indicate, suggest Exercises • Vocabulary

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V. Rewrite the following sentences so that they keep the original meaning, but use words or expressions from the text in place of the underlined ones. Be sure to make any other necessary changes as well. 1. I love the fresh atmosphere that comes after a thunderstorm. 《读写教程 II 》: Ex. V, p. 255 I love the fresh atmosphere that comes in the wake of a thunderstorm. Exercises • Vocabulary

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2. Horrified spectators watched as the plane lost control and removed the roof of the building. Horrified spectators watched as the plane lost control and sheared off the roof of the building. V. Rewrite the following sentences so that they keep the original meaning, but use words or expressions from the text in place of the underlined cones. Be sure to make any other necessary changes as well. Exercises • Vocabulary

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3. The proposed improvements to the library would require a larger investment than we can make at this time. The proposed improvements to the library would require a more substantial investment than we can make at this time. V. Rewrite the following sentences so that they keep the original meaning, but use words or expressions from the text in place of the underlined cones. Be sure to make any other necessary changes as well. Exercises • Vocabulary

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4. Conservative congressmen (国会议员) who tried to prevent the report from being published said they considered it a threat to national security. Conservative congressmen who tried to suppress the report said they considered it a threat to national security. V. Rewrite the following sentences so that they keep the original meaning, but use words or expressions from the text in place of the underlined cones. Be sure to make any other necessary changes as well. Exercises • Vocabulary

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5. Since you contributed so much to creating the mess in this room, I think it would be appropriate for you to participate in the efforts to clean it up as well. Since you contributed so much to creating the mess in this room, I think it would be fitting for you to participate in the efforts to clean it up as well. V. Rewrite the following sentences so that they keep the original meaning, but use words or expressions from the text in place of the underlined cones. Be sure to make any other necessary changes as well. Exercises • Vocabulary

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6. The information from the latest series of tests confirms our confidence in our products. The data from the latest series of tests confirm our confidence in our products. V. Rewrite the following sentences so that they keep the original meaning, but use words or expressions from the text in place of the underlined cones. Be sure to make any other necessary changes as well. Exercises • Vocabulary

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Exercises • Word Building 《读写教程 II》: Ex. VI, p. 255

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Exercises • Word Building Prefix pre- to mean: before(sth), earlier to be added to: verbs,nouns, adjectives

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Exercises • Word Building Prefix fore- to mean: (of time or rank) before or (of position) in front of to be added to: verbs, nouns

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head  school  heat  cook  set  word  fathers  paid  warn  sight  select  see  historic  ground  A. Add either pre- or fore- to each of the following words to form a new word. Exercises • Word Building forehead preschool preheat precook preset foreword forefathers prepaid forewarn foresight preselect foresee prehistoric foreground

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B. Use some of the new words you have just formed to complete the following sentences, changing the form where necessary. Exercises • Word Building 1. This type of TV has a computerized timer that can be _____ to your favorite programmes. preset forewarned 2. The travel agency had _____ the tourists of the discomforts of traveling in such remote areas.

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Exercises • Word Building 3. Van Gogh could never have _____ that his paintings would sell at such high prices. foreseen pre-cooked 4. I bought a _____ chicken, so all we have to do is heat it up. B. Use some of the new words you have just formed to complete the following sentences, changing the form where necessary.

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Exercises • Word Building 5. I wish I’d had the _____ to move to a different neighborhood before the new airport was built — now the noise and traffic are driving me mad. foresight preschool 6. In the united states, children start going to _____ between the ages 2 and 5. B. Use some of the new words you have just formed to complete the following sentences, changing the form where necessary.

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Exercises • Word Building 7. If I could travel in time (逆时而行), I’d go back to a ____ era to see some dinosaurs. prehistoric foreword 8. I read the _____ to this book, but it didn’t really prepare me for the wonderful creativity of these splendid exercises. B. Use some of the new words you have just formed to complete the following sentences, changing the form where necessary.

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Exercises • Word Building 《读写教程 II》: Ex. VII, p. 257

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Exercises • Word Building Suffix -ic to mean: of or concerning (the original nouns) to be added to: nouns

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Exercises • Word Building 2. The two countries have restored _____ relations and their embassies will be reopened within a month. diplomatic symbolic 1. In the Christian religion, bread and wine are ____ of Christ’s body and blood. Study the following words and then complete the sentences below by filling in the blanks with some of them.

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Study the following words and then complete the sentences below by filling in the blanks with some of them. Exercises • Word Building 4. In most countries it’s forbidden to serve _____ drinks to anyone under the age of 18. alcoholic heroic 3. The teacher was praised for her _____ efforts to rescue the boy.

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Exercises • Word Building 6. Normal _____ pressure on the earth’s surface at sea level is 14.7 pounds per square inch. atmospheric climatic 5. The article outlines the _____ changes that EI Nino causes around the globe. Study the following words and then complete the sentences below by filling in the blanks with some of them.

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Exercises • Word Building 《读写教程 II》: Ex. VIII, p. 257

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Exercises • Word Building suffix -ive to form: adjectives to be added to: verbs and to be added to: nouns to form: adjectives

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Exercises • Word Building suffix -ian to form: adjectives to be added to: place names and to: nouns to form: nouns to mean: nationalities to mean: someone whose job or hobby is

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Exercises • Word Building suffix -ward(s) to indicate: the direction something is moving to be added to: nouns or adverbs to form: adj. or ad.

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A. Add –ive, -ian or –ward(s) to the words below. The words you form are syllabus words for you to learn. Exercises • Word Building collect  decide  cooperate  respect  subject  Christ  library  guard  back  down  in  collective decisive cooperative respective subjective Christian librarian guardian backward downward(s) inward

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B. Now fill the blanks in the following sentences with some of the words you’ve formed. Exercises • Word Building 1. The paintings were lent to the gallery by several different donors, and after the exhibit they must each be returned to their ____ owners. respective subjective When there’s no difference in the candidates’ scores, the judges make their decision on a ____ basis.

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Exercises • Word Building 3. He was a lonely man who seldom revealed his ______ thoughts to anyone. inward guardian 4. Children under 12 must be accompanied by a parent or _______. B. Now fill the blanks in the following sentences with some of the words you’ve formed.

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Exercises • Word Building 5. There’s no denying that the mass media play a _____ role in modern election campaigns. decisive cooperative 6. Stop arguing! Try to be a bit more _____ and we might get the job done on time. B. Now fill the blanks in the following sentences with some of the words you’ve formed.

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Exercises • Word Building 7. No one noticed that the car was rolling slowly _____ down the hill. backward collective 8. It was the _____ decision of all the club members, and it can’t be changed by any individual member. B. Now fill the blanks in the following sentences with some of the words you’ve formed.

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Exercises: Listening 《听说教程 II》: Part 3.3, p. 130 New Words alien do sb. in torrential avalanche mudslide underway a creature from outer space(外星人 ) (俚)使毁灭 flowing or surging abundantly(奔流的,急流的) 雪崩 泥流 already commenced or initiated; in progress

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Directions: Listen carefully to the following and, as you listen, fill in the blanks with missing information. Check-up Exercises: Listening

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Announcer: Good evening ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the evening news for Friday, October 13th. Our top story for tonight is: The world is coming to an end. No, it’s not a nuclear war or an alien attack. It’s the weather that’s gone _____ and is causing the Earth to — in effect — commit _______. Conservation groups have been predicting for decades that human beings were going to destroy our planet, but they were wrong: The Earth has decided to do us in before we do it in. Every kind of weather phenomenon known to man is raging out of control all around the globe. crazy suicide Exercises: Listening

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__________ are devastating coastal regions as _____ destroy forests; torrential rains are ________ agricultural areas, while ice and snow are __________ everything else. Meanwhile, _________, ___________, avalanches and mudslides are also under way. Scientists agree that there’s no _______ anywhere, and no way to stop the devastation, so you might as well sit back, relax and enjoy the _____. That’s our top story this evening; we’ll be right back after the commercials, with the latest in ______. Hurricanes fires flooding wiping out volcanoes earthquakes refuge show sports Script Exercises: Listening

Slide106: 

Announcer: Good evening ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the evening news for Friday, October 13th. Our top story for tonight is: The world is coming to an end. No, it’s not a nuclear war or an alien attack. It’s the weather that’s gone crazy and is causing the Earth to — in effect — commit suicide. Conservation groups have been predicting for decades that human beings were going to destroy our planet, but they were wrong: The Earth has decided to do us in before we do it in. Every kind of weather phenomenon known to man is raging out of control all around the globe. Hurricanes are devastating coastal regions as fires destroy forests; torrential rains are flooding agricultural areas, while ice and snow are wiping out everything else. Meanwhile, volcanoes, earthquakes, avalanches and mudslides are also under way. Scientists agree that there’s no refuge anywhere, and no way to stop the devastation, so you might as well sit back, relax and enjoy the show. That’s our top story this evening; we’ll be right back after the commercials, with the latest in sports. Exercises: Listening

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Assignment Revision of Text A: Translation Ex. XI ~ XII p.259 Cloze Ex. XIII p.260 Preview of Text B

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