Marco Polo2

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Gondia Education Society's C.J. Patel College, Tirora , Dist.- Gondia 441911. Subject : THEOROTICAL AND APPLIED GEOGRAPHY Topic Marco Polo. Is presented by Dr. Nanabhau S. Kudnar M.A., B.Ed., SET, NET, Ph.D., M.B.A . Head, Department of Geography C.J . Patel College Tirora .


Introduction Marco Polo Born C. 1254,presumably in Venice, Italy Died January 8, 1324 (aged69) Venice, Venetian Republic Resting Church of San Lorenzo Occupation Merchant, Explorer Known for The Travels of Marco Polo Spouse Donata Badoer Children Fantina, Bellela, and Moretta Parents Mother: Unknown Father: Niccolo Polo


MarcoPolo (English pronunciation:/’markou’poulou/;Italianpronunciation:[‘marco’po:lo];c.1254– January8, 1324) was a Venetian merchant traveler from the Venetian Republic whose travels are recorded in Il M(‘ilione, a book which did much to introduce Europeans to Central Asia and China. He learned about trading whilst his father and uncle, Niccolo and Maffeo , travelled through Asia and apparently met Kublai Khan. In 1269, they retumed to Venice to meet Marco for the first time. The three of them embarked on an epic journey to Asia, returning after 24 years to find Venice at war with Genoa; Marco was imprsoned, and dictated his stories to a cellmate. He was released in 1299, became a wealthy merchant, married and had 3 children. He died in 1324, and was buried in San Lorenzo . It Million was dictated by Marco Polo to Rustichello da Pisa while both were prisoners of the Genova Republic. Rustichellotranslated it from Venetian Language to Tuscan dialect, subsequently embellished, copied by hand and adapted by many others; there is no authoritative version. It


Documents his father’s journey to meet the Kublai Khan, who asked them to become ambassadors, and communicate with the pope. This led to Marco’s quest, through Acre, and to the Mongol court in China. Marco apparently wrote of his extensive travels throughout Asia on behalf of the Khan, and eventual return after 15000 miles (24000km) and 24 years of adventures. Their pioneering journey Christopher Columbus and other. Marco Polo’s other legacies include Venice Marco Polo Airport, the Marco Polo sheep, and several books and films. He also had an influence on European cartography, leading to the introduction of the Fra Mauro map.


Life Early life and Asian travel See also: Niccolo and Maffeo Polo The exact time and place of Marco Polo’s birth are unknown, and current theories are mostly conjectural. One possible place of birth is Venice’s former contrada of San Giovani Crisostomo. Which is sometimes presented by historians as the birthplace, and it is generally accepted that Marco Polo was born in the Venetian Republic with most biographer pointed toward Venice itself as Marco Polo’s home town. Some biographer suggest that Polo was born in the town of Korcula (Curzola). On the island of Korcula in today’s Cross. The most qooted specific date of Polo birth is somewhere “around 1254”. His father Nicolo was a merchant who traded with the Middle East, becoming wealthy and achieving great prestige. Niccolo and his brother Maffeo set off on a trading voyage, before Marco was born. In 1260, Niccolo and


Maffeo were residing in Constantinople when they foresaw a political change; they liquidated their assets into jewels and moved away. According to The Travels of Marco polo, they passed through much of Asia, and met with the Kublai Khan. Meanwhile, Marco Polo’s mother died, and he was raised by an aunt and uncle. Polo was well educated, and learned merchant subjects including foreign currency, appraising, and the handling of cargo ships although he learned little or no Latin. Map of the journey


In 1269, Niccolo and Maffeo returned to Venice, meeting Marco for the first time. In 1271, Marco Polo (at seventeen years of age), his father, and his uncle set off for Asia on the series of adventures that were later documented in Marco’s book. They returned to Venice in 1295,24 years later, with many riches and treasures. They had traveled almost 15,000 miles (24,000km).


Death San Lorenzo di Venezia church in the sestiere of Castello of Venice Polo was buried. The photo was taken after the church was rebuilt. In 1323, Polo was confined to bed, due to illness. On January 8,1324, despite physicians’ efforts to treat him, Polo was on his deathbed. To write and certify the will, his family requested Giovanni Giustiniani, a


Priest of San Procolo. His wife, Donata, and his three daughters were appointed by him as co-executrices. The church was entitled by law to a portion of his estate; he approved of this and ordered that a further sum be be paid to the convent of San Lorenzo , the place where he wished to be buried. He also set free a “Tartar slave” who may have accompanied him from Asia.


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