Alexander von humbold

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Gondia Education Society's C.J. Patel College, Tirora , Dist.- Gondia 441911. Subject : THEOROTICAL AND APPLIED GEOGRAPHY Topic Alexabder Von Humboldt Is presented by Dr. Nanabhau S. Kudnar M.A., B.Ed., SET, NET, Ph.D., M.B.A . Head, Department of Geography C.J . Patel College Tirora .


Alexander Von Humboldt At a Glance: Born: 14Sept.1769-Berlin. Died: 6 May1859, Berlin. Fields: Naturalist . Known for: Biogeography , Kosmos  (1845). Influenced By: Charles Darwin.


Introduction : Alexander Von Humboldt had made a valuable contribution to he fields of basic Sciences, Humanities and Arts. Alexander Von Humboldt & Carl Ritter were cotemporaries , and lived and worked at Berlin for more than three decades. These two scholars are regarded as the founders of modern geography .


Alexander Von Humboldt was a great versatility , who contributed appreciably to fields of geology, botany, Zoology, physics, chemistry, anatomy, physiology, history, climatology, geomorphology and all other branch of geography. He also travelled extensively to Holland, Belgium, England, North France and Soviet Union to know about earth and nature , studied temperature of ground as well as ha of air, latitudes, longitudes elevation above mean sea level etc. Contribution of Humboldt:


He has also done extensive studies on nature of rocky , types of plants and their relationship with the surrounding environment and produced rational description of world. According to the view-point of agricultural geography his great contribution was that he gave a scientific explanation of crops and influence of altitude and temperature on vegetation. He first of all described about the symptoms of mountain sickness or soroche.


He explained he feeling of dizziness as resulting from low air pressure (but now it is known that this is due to lack of oxygen ). In 1829 he was invited by the Czar of Russia to explore the Siberian Territory. On his instruction a large number of meteorological stations were established o record he temperature and pressure.


He was the one who first observed and recorded the cold water current near Peru, which latter came to be known as “ Humboldt Current ”. A = Humboldt Current .


He first of all coined the term ‘ permafrost ’ to explain the frozen soils of Siberia. His greatest contribution was “KOSMOS” (1845) or earth which was the geographical description of earth as it deal with the interrelationship of the phenomena that exist together in an area. He also made a comparative study between different regions. His belief was in the unity of nature and casualty . The other contribution of Humboldt was Asia centrate.


Conclusion: Thus, Alexander Von Humboldt was a man of great and versatile genius and contributed various branches of science, humanities and arts. Humboldt had a gift for exceptionally sharp sobservation and in field work he was unsurpassed His description of the journey was written up and published in an enormous set of volumes over 21 years. Kosmos   (usually referred to in English as "Cosmos") was an influential treatise on science and nature written by the  Alexander von Humboldt . A cold ocean current of the South Pacific, flowing north along the western coast of South America. Also called  Peru Current .


Reference Book: Evolution of Geographical Thought: - Majid Husain 2. Internet- a) Alexander Von Humboldt b) Humboldt Current


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