Human Resources and Economic Development

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Gondia Education Society's C.J. Patel College, Tirora , Dist.- Gondia 441911. Subject : PRINCIPAL OF ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY Topic Human Resources & Economic Development Is presented by Dr. Nanabhau S. Kudnar M.A., B.Ed., SET, NET, Ph.D., M.B.A . Head, Department of Geography C.J . Patel College Tirora .


Sub-Topic :- Human Resources & Economic Development


What is meaning of Resource ? The word of resource means combine 2 word “ Re ”& “ Source ”. “ Re means again and again ” & “ Source means supply of material .” Resource are related to man , natural and cultural factor , the factor is called of resources. RESOURCE

Definition of Resource:

Definition of Resource 1. “A resource is some thing which is used by man to satisfy his needs & aspirations.” 2. “A person, asset, material or capital which can be use to accomplish a goal.”


Classification of Resources


Introduction :- Human beings, through the labour they provide & the organizations they staff, are also considered to be resources. The term Human resources can also be defined as the skills, energies, talents, abilities & knowledge that are used for the production of goods or the rendering of services. The study of human resources is vital from the point of view of economic welfare. It is particularly important because human beings are not only instruments of production but also ends in themselves. Definition:- E.W. Zimmermann :- “ Resources doesn’t refer to a thing or substance but to a function which a thing or substance may perform operation in which it way take a part.” HUMAN RESOURCE


This is also called cultural resources the resource which is produce by man, they are converted in 2 ways:- a) Qualitative Factors :- It includes man’s intelligence , skill , personality and education which are responsible for economic development of a region. b) Quantitative Factors :- It includes total number of people , density of population , age group , sex ratio , standard of living , and actual percentage age of working population etc. Classification of Human Resources


1) Population Growth :- Population growth rates are different in different parts of the world . Taking the world as a whole, the total population on this planet was 3,696 million in 1970 , it rose to 4,426 million in 1980 and stood at 6,438 million in 2005. Country Group Population Per cent of total Average annual (million) Growth Rate (%) 1980 2005 1980 2004 1980-90 2000-05 Low income economies 1,384 2,353 31.3 36.6 2.4 1.9 Middle income economies 2,217 3,073 50.0 47.7 1.6 0.9 High income economies 825 1,011 18.6 15.7 0.7 0.7 Total 4,426 6,438 100.0 100.0 1.7 1.2 India 687 1,095 17.0 2.1 1.5 China 981 1,305 22.2 20.3 1.5 0.6 Source : Compiled and computed from World Development Report (2oo7) Factors of Human Resources


2) Age Composition :- The study of age composition is helpful in determining the proportion of the labour force in the total population. An estimate of the labour force in India is made in the 2001 census report. The working age of the population is considered as 15-60. Year Age 0-14 15-60 60 & above 1911 38.8 60.2 1.0 1921 39.2 59.6 1.2 1931 38.3 60.2 1.5 1961 41.0 53.3 5.7 1971 41.4 53.4 5.2 1981 39.7 54.1 6.2 1991 36.5 57.1 6.4 2001 35.6 58.2 6.3


3) Population Density :- The herm density of population implies the average number of persons living per sq. km. Density of population that can be supported in any country depends upon the availability of natural resources and the extent of the use of technology to exploit the resources. In other words, natural resources coupled with the level of economic development determine the extent to which a higher density of population can be supported. Ex. Japan supports a higher density (336 sq. km) at a higher standard of living because of industrialized herself where as 60% of the population of India draws its livelihood from agriculture. And extremely USA high standard of living because partly the result of a very favorable land- man ratio & natural endowments & partly due to the higher stage of economic development achieved . 4) Urbanization & Economic Development :- Economic development is expected to achieve three things. A rise in per capita income so that level of living of the people improves. A reduction in the rate & magnitudes of unemployment. Reduction of population below the poverty line.


5) The Quality of Population:- The quality of population can be judged from life expectancy , the level of literacy and the level of technical training attained by the people of a country. This are factors of human resources of economic development are very important in economic development and death rate, birth rate, sex ratio etc these factors are including the economic development.


Economic development of any place depend on Natural & Human Resources. Quantitative & Qualitative aspects of resources are very important. Man contributes his mental and physical efforts, with the aid, advice and consent of nature he build culture to render more effective Human resources are very important for the economic development. Significance of Human Resources


1.Principles of Economic Geography- Author- Shri. Parmar Singh 2. INDIA ECONOMIC – Author – Shri. Ruddat Dutt & Sundaram 3. www. Google .com www. Wikipedia . Org/wiki/ Human Resources . References Book’s


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