GREEN REVOLUTION

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Gondia Education Society's C.J. Patel College, Tirora , Dist.- Gondia 441911. Subject : PRINCIPAL OF ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY Topic “Impact of Green Revolution ” Is presented by Dr. Nanabhau S. Kudnar M.A., B.Ed., SET, NET, Ph.D., M.B.A . Head, Department of Geography C.J . Patel College Tirora .

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Green Revolution was started from Mexico (North America). The father of Green Revolution was Dr.Borlonge and William Gadd. HYV (High Yielding Varieties). New variety of wheat were first bred in Mexico in 1950s and new variety of rice , like IR-8 (Miracle Rice),at the INTERNATIONAL RICE RESEARCH INSTITUTE,PHILLIPPINES in the 1960s

GREEN REVOLUTION IN INDIA:

GREEN REVOLUTION IN INDIA In India, green revolution was started in 1965 to 1966 (Punjab & Haryana). It was organized by Dr.M.S. Swaminathan & George kuriyan. It is very lengthy prosses & very costly. In 1964 the total food production was about 90 million tone’s. But with in two years it declined to 72 million tone’s because of drought condition in many parts of country.

IMAGE OF GREEN REVOLUTION:

IMAGE OF GREEN REVOLUTION

DEFINATION OF GREEN REVOLUTION:

DEFINATION OF GREEN REVOLUTION GREEN REVOLUTION- Increase in yield due to use of HYV (High Yielding Varieties) .In association with suitable fertilizer & irrigation in termed as green revolution. This type of increase in the yields occurred mainly for Wheat & padi hence some scientists called it Grain Revolution also.

IMPACT OF GREEN REVOLUTION:

IMPACT OF GREEN REVOLUTION Experts suggested use of HYV, multiple cropping, use of fertilizers , extension of irrigation to improve fields. The problem of poverty, hunger & under nourishment have been reduced in certained regions of developing countries. HYV of wheat & Rice imported in the decade of 1960 . New varieties have wide adaptability & also give high production then the traditional varieties.

INDIA: TREND IN THE GROWTH OF FOOD & NON FOOD CROPS:

INDIA: TREND IN THE GROWTH OF FOOD & NON FOOD CROPS YEAR FOOD CROPS NON FOOD CROPS 1950 - 51 74 26 1960 - 61 72 28 1970 - 71 78 22 1980 - 81 80 20 1990 - 91 81 19

GROWTH IN GREEN REVOLUTION:

GROWTH IN GREEN REVOLUTION

MAIN POINT OF HYV IMPORTANT FACTORS:

MAIN POINT OF HYV IMPORTANT FACTORS IRRIGATION AVAILABILITY OF CHEMICAL FARTILIZER PLANT PROTECTION CHEMICALS CAPITAL CONSTRAINT MECHANIZATION TRANSPORT MARKETING,& STORAGE FACILITIES. EXTENTION SERVICE HUMAN FACTOR

MERIT & DEMERITS OF GREEN REVOLUTION:

MERIT & DEMERITS OF GREEN REVOLUTION ADVANTAGE Use of HYV in green revolution. Irrigation facilities is use in GR. Avability chemical fertilizers. Investment of capital. Mechanization facilities. Market , transport & storage facilities. Increasing extension service. GR & rotation of crops, crop combination & crop diversification .

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DISADVANTAGE Regional inequalities International inequalities Intercrops disparities Green revolution & social tension Ecological implications of GR (biodiversities) Soil erosion Pollution play an important role & crops effected. Farm size variations Salinization & water logging Social tension a)large farm b)small farm

GREEN REVOLUTION:PERFORMANCE OF CROPS:

GREEN REVOLUTION:PERFORMANCE OF CROPS Introduction & diffusion of HYV has substantially increased the production of cereals, especially that of wheat & rice It is because of new varieties that india is now exporting wheat & rice. Main countries that is Bangladesh, China, Russia, S.W Asian countries, Ethiopia, Afghanistan & East European countries .

INDIAN ECONOMY BY - SUNDRAM http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/green revolution:

INDIAN ECONOMY BY - SUNDRAM http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/green revolution REFERENCES BY

THANK YOU…:

THANK YOU…

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