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Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: VAPOUR ABSORPTION MACHINES Presented by - Cooling Division – C&H SBU - Thermax Welcome to the home of Energy & Environment: Welcome to the home of Energy & Environment W e have tried to answer the following questions, so that, it would help you understand the product in a much easier way Who are you and what do you do? What is Cooling and what are the conventional methods of cooling? How does an Electrical Chiller work? When should one go for an Absorption Chiller and how did a VAM evolve in Thermax? Why should one go for an Absorption Chiller? What are the governing principles of a VAM? How does an Absorption Machine work? Can you explain the whole scheme? What do we offer and where we can/have offered? I have more queries, how can I get them cleared? How can we reach you? Who are you and what do you do?: Who are you and what do you do? Vision – To be a globally respected high performance organization offering sustainable solution in energy and environment Boilers & Heaters Absorption Cooling Water & Waste Solutions Air Pollution Control Chemicals Cogeneration Solar Heating, Cooling & Power Solutions What is Cooling and what are the conventional methods of cooling?: What is Cooling and what are the conventional methods of cooling? Cooling – Removal/Transfer of heat from source to sink by performing an external work; even a body @ -272*C has one more degree of heat energy to be removed to achieve absolute zero (i.e.), 0*K (or) -273*C 1 TR = 3024KCal = 3.52KW = amount of energy absorbed by 1ton of ice , when it melts to water, at 0*C CONVENTIONAL METHODS OF COOLING: Natural Refrigeration E.g., Clay water pot, Sweating Mechanical Refrigeration Gas Refrigerators Vapour Refrigerators Vapour Compression Vapour Absorption How does an Electrical Chiller work?: How does an Electrical Chiller work? Parts & Process involved: Evaporator - Refrigerant Vapourization Compressor - Refrigerant (Vapour Phase) Compression Condenser - Refrigerant ---> Vapour to Liquid Expansion Valve - Pressure Reducer / Throttling Valve – To help refrigerant achieve the required Temperature Working Cycle Vapour Compression Machine: Working Cycle Vapour Compression Machine When should one go for an Absorption Chiller and how did a VAM evolve in Thermax?: When should one go for an Absorption Chiller and how did a VAM evolve in Thermax? We would go for an Absorption Chiller: When excess heat source is available, for e.g., availability of excess steam in a boiler When Heat is ineffectively dissipated into the atmosphere, for e.g., exhaust from a D.G, steam from a turbine outlet When the operational expenditure of VAM is very much lesser than the VCM, for e.g., when the industry is facing issues with power supply from the grid (high cost/frequent power cuts) When the production cost of steam is almost negligible, for e.g., In sugar plants, they have a co-gen power plant by using the baggasse (a by-product of the process) Evolution of VAM technology in Thermax: 1984-87 – Marketing tie-up with Sanyo, Japan 1988-94 – Technology collaboration with Sanyo, Japan 1991-96 - Direct Fired – Technology tie-up – Kawasaki Till Date – Installed over 3500 Machines in over 70 Countries Why should one go for an Absorption Chiller?: Why should one go for an Absorption Chiller? We should go for an Absorption Chiller, because: It is a simple Heat Exchanger operating at different pressures, hence, we can assure that it has an unmatched Reliability It has a very less operating and maintenance cost, along with an automatic and step-less modulation system It does not have any moving parts, hence, no noise, no vibration and no dynamic load (Roof-top positioning is possible) Waste heat is utilized usefully and in-turn, avoids the need for switching to a HT connection and also avoids a DG running especially for the chilling purpose (the load on EB power and DG is reduced to a huge extent) It operates on an environment friendly refrigerant (i.e.), CFC free, ozone friendly machine It is fully automated, hence, we require minimal amount of human intervention What are the governing principles of a VAM?: What are the governing principles of a VAM? Working Materials – VAM Refrigerant – DM Water Salt – Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Boiling Point of Water is directly proportional to the Vapour Pressure of the system @atm. Pressure (760mm of Hg) – Water boils @100*C In VAM, we maintain a shell pressure of 6mm of Hg, which facilitates the water to boil @3.7*C Hygroscopic nature of Salt As we need to separate salt and water, it has to have a higher Vapour pressure difference, hence, we use LiBr as the salt The operating concentration of LiBr lies between 57-64% in Water How does an Absorption Machine work?: How does an Absorption Machine work? Parts & Process involved: Evaporator – Refrigerant Vapourization Absorber – Refrigerant (Vapour) – Absorption by Absorbent Generator – Regeneration of Refrigerant & Absorbent Condenser – Liquefaction of Refrigerant Totally we have 2 Shells: Lower Shell – Evaporator and Absorber Upper Shell – Generator and Condenser Can you explain the whole scheme?: Can you explain the whole scheme? What do we offer and where we can/have offered?: What do we offer and where we can/have offered? We offer, Steam Fired VAM – 50 to 3500TR Exhaust Fired VAM – 50 to 3500TR Direct Fired VAM – 50 to 3000TR Hot Water Fired VAM – 50 to 1150TR We had offered to, Automotive Industry Breweries & Distilleries Chemical Industry Commercial Centers Dairy & Confectionary Educational Institutions Engineering & Electronic Industry Hotels & Hospital Medical Centers P aper Plants Pharmaceuticals Power Plants Refineries & Petro-chemicals Steel Plants Super Markets & Malls Tyre Industry Combination of two or three heat sources are possible: COGENIE or TRIGENIE I have more queries, how can I get them cleared?: I have more queries, how can I get them cleared? Thank you for your patient viewing & hearing We hope that we have answered the questions which may rise, when you think of an absorption machine. If you have any of the feasible scenarios for an absorption machine, we are always on your search-list. We would be very much delighted to work in one- breath with you for a greener, energy efficient future For anymore queries, please feel free to contact the respective regional sales engineer or visit www.thermaxindia.com and post your query The contact details are given below You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.