INDIAN ECONOMY

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INDIAN ECONOMY:

INDIAN ECONOMY BY- RENU ANTIL NIKITA NIGAM

1.STRUCTURE OF INDIAN ECONOMY:

1.STRUCTURE OF INDIAN ECONOMY UNDERDEVELOPED OR DEVELOPING ECONOMY— In general, those countries which have real per capita incomes less than a quarter of united states, are underdeveloped countries. The term ‘Developing Economies’ means countries though still undeveloped, the process of development has been initiated.

CHARACTERSTICS OF INDIAN ECONOMY AS DEVELOPING ECONOMY:

CHARACTERSTICS OF INDIAN ECONOMY AS DEVELOPING ECONOMY 1. Low per capita income 2. Occupational pattern 3. Heavy population pressure 4. chronic unemployment & underemployment 5. Misdistribution of wealth 6. Poor quality of human capital 7. Low level of technology 8. Low level of living of average India 9. Socio-Economic indicators of consumption

NATIONAL INCOME OF INDIA:

NATIONAL INCOME OF INDIA According to National Income Committee- ”A National Income estimate measures the volume of commodities & services turned out during a given period, counted without duplication.”

SHARE OF GDP BY INDUSTRY OF ORIGIN:

SHARE OF GDP BY INDUSTRY OF ORIGIN 1950-51

2008-09 :

2008-09

LIMITATIONS OE NATIONAL INCOME ESTIMATION IN INDIA:

LIMITATIONS OE NATIONAL INCOME ESTIMATION IN INDIA Output of non- monetised sector No data available of income of small producers No data on income distribution Unreported illegal income

HUMAN RESOURCE:

HUMAN RESOURCE Birth rate Death rate Infant mortality rate Age Composition Sex ratio- (1901- 972 females/1000 males) (2001- 933 famales /1000males)

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA:

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA 1. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX- - Life expectancy at birth - A dult literacy rate - standard of living as GDP Per Capita 2. GENDER RELATED DEVELOPEMENT-(inequalities b/w men &women) 3. HUMAN POVERTY INDEX- longetivity , knowledge decent living standard

NATURAL RESOURCES:

NATURAL RESOURCES Land resources Forest resources Water resources fisheries Mineral resources INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDIA Energy Power Transport system in india Civil Aviation Communication system in india

2. PLANNING & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENY:

2. PLANNING & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENY INDUSTRIAL POLICY- fiscal policy,monetory policy, tariff policy & government attitude towards towards external essistance &public & private sector. Public sector & Indian planning Privatization Globalization Foreign capital, Aid

3. AGRICULTURE IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY:

3. AGRICULTURE IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY Food Security Irrigation Land Reforms Agricultural marketing &warehousing Agricultural Labour

4. INDIAN INDUSTRIES:

4. INDIAN INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIAL PATTERN LARGE SCALE INDUSTRIES- Iron & Steel industry cotton industry jute industry sugar industry cement industry paper industry Automobiles industry SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISES LABOUR PROBLEMS &LABOUR POLICY

5. TERTIARY SECTOR IN INDIAN ECONOMY:

5. TERTIARY SECTOR IN INDIAN ECONOMY Foreign trade of india Special economic zones GATT, WTO & Indian foreign trade Indian financial system RBI & Money management Government Subsidies

THANK YOU:

THANK YOU