culture of jharkhand

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CULTURE OF JHARKHAND:

CULTURE OF JHARKHAND

Jharkhand, the 28th state of the Indian Union was brought into existence on November 15, 2000- the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda. The art and culture of Jharkhand reflects a vivid and colorful tribal tapestry. Jharkhand has about 30 tribes out of which 9 are primitive, maintaining their own, unique cultural identity till this day in undiluted forms. The tribals have their unique dance, music, art and craft forms which do not fail to enchant the tourists. The masks, bamboo crafts, wood work, and folk paintings of Jharkhand are other expressions of this state's perennial culture, which have their roots in the tribal life. The Cultural Affair sector of the state organizes programs related to the culture of Jharkhand, which includes different dances, music, drama, kavi sammelans (poets gatherings), paintings, and other related activities. :

Jharkhand , the 28th state of the Indian Union was brought into existence on November 15, 2000- the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda . The art and culture of Jharkhand reflects a vivid and colorful tribal tapestry. Jharkhand has about 30 tribes out of which 9 are primitive, maintaining their own, unique cultural identity till this day in undiluted forms. The tribals have their unique dance, music, art and craft forms which do not fail to enchant the tourists. The masks, bamboo crafts, wood work, and folk paintings of Jharkhand are other expressions of this state's perennial culture, which have their roots in the tribal life. The Cultural Affair sector of the state organizes programs related to the culture of Jharkhand , which includes different dances, music, drama, kavi sammelans (poets gatherings), paintings, and other related activities.

BASE OF JHARKHAND CULTURE:

BASE OF JHARKHAND CULTURE Languages Santhali , Mundari , Kurukh , Khortha , Nagpuria , Sadri, Khariya , Panchparagnia , Ho, Malto , Karmali , Hindi, Urdu, Bangla etc 1. Hal Punhya - Hal Punhya is the first day of the month of Magh and is also called Akhain Jatra . This means that the ploughing should be started .The festival falls during the winter and symbolizes the onset of the farming session. The farmers start ploughing two- and-half circles in their land to symbolize the auspicious morning. It is regarded as a sign of good fortune. 2. Sarhul - It is worshipping of the village diety , who protects and supports the tribes. There is dancing and singing in the whole region accompanied with drinks, snacks and a variety of foods. The festival is celebrated in the season of the spring when the Sal trees start sprouting and blossoming, and becomes green. The offering of this festival is called diang or the hadia ; a popular wine that is made out of stale rice. 3. Rohin - A festival of sowing seeds in the fields by the farmers. Here there is no such dancing or singing like other festivals, but the festivity is accompanied with a few rituals. 4. Tusu Parab or Makar This festival is mostly seen in the area between Bundu , Tamar and Raidih area of Jharkhand. TUSU is a harvest festival held during the winter in the last day of Poush month. It is also for the unmarried girls. Girls decorate a wooden/ bamboo frame with coloured paper and then contribute it to the nearby hilly river.

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Folk Music Akhariya Domkach , Dohari Domkach , Janani Jhumar , Mardana Jhumar , Faguwa , Udasi , Pawas , Daidhara , Pahilsanjha , Adhratiya , Vinsariya , Pratkali , Jhumta etc Folk dance Paika , Chhou , Jadur , Karma, Nachni , Natua , Agni, Choukara , Santhal , Jamda , Ghatwari , Matha , Sohrai , Lurisayro etc Folk Singer Ghasi Ram, Ghasi Mahant , Rungtu , Ledaram , Vasudeo , Shekh Ali aan , Kanchan , Kripal Ram Deogharia , Pandey Durga Nath Rai , Pandey Virendra Nath rai , Prafulla Kumar Rai , Chamu Kamar , Bhawapritanand One of the most exciting tribal dances of Jharkhand is the ' Chhou Naach .' The Chhou Naach is often performed in an open area and generally at night. The dancing area is covered by fire poles called as mashaals , for the sake of lighting. The performers play the character of Gods in the dance. They use colorful and beautiful big masks for their dance. The dance is based on the myths of 'Ramayana' and the 'Mahabharata .' They use traditional ornaments as well as the weapons. Chhou Nach is a unique expression of the culture of Jharkhand Musical Kadri , Gupijantra , Sarangi , Tuila , Vyang , Anandlahri

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Instruments Bansuri , Arbansi , Sahnai , Madanvari , Singa , Sankh Mandar , Dhol , Dhak , Dhamsa , Nagara , Damama , Karha , Tasa , Jurinagra , Visamdhanki , Thapchanchu , Kartal , Jhanjh , Thala , Manjhira , Ghanta . Paintings Santhali Bhittichitra, Oraon Bhittichitra, Jado Patiya . Rivers Damodar , Mayurakshi , Barakar , Koyal , Sankh , Son, Auranga , More, Karo , Bansloi , South Koel , Kharkai , Swarna Rekha , Ganga , Gumani , Batane .

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