Slide 1: Alpa Roshni Baxla ST. XAVIER'S COLLEGE, RANCHI Dept. of B.Ed. RED FORT : RED FORT The largest of old Delhi's monuments is the Lal Quila,
or the Red Fort, the thick red sandstone walls of which, bulging
with turrets and bastions, have withstood the vagaries of time, and
nature. The Lal Quila rises above a wide dry moat, in the northeast
corner of the original city of Shahjahanabad. Its walls extend upto
2 kms, and vary in height from 18 mts on the river side to 33 metres
on the city side. Ajanta Ellora Caves : Ajanta Ellora Caves A UNESCO World Heritage site, Ajanta Ellora's 30 caves hold masterpieces of Buddhist religious art. The manmade caves are considered the finest examples of architecture that contain wall and ceiling paintings, depicting the life of Buddha prior to his enlightenment. Slide 4: The caves are cut from the steep face of a horseshoe-shaped hillside.
Sculptures cover the outer walls while the artworks inside show elegant timber-built interiors of palaces, royalties market places and many others that somehow tell a story.
Artists consider the paintings here as tempera since they are on a dry surface, carried out after the rock walls were covered with 1 centimeter thick mixture of cow dung, clay and rice husks.
The final surface is coated with lime that contributes to the continued existence of the paintings over the years. Slide 5: Humpi
353 kms from Bangalore and 74 kms from Bellary is Hampi. A World Heritage Centre, Hampi is the most beautiful and evocative of all the ruins in Karnataka. The erstwhile capital of the Vijayanagar kingdom(1336A.D - 1565A.D), Hampi is full of delightful surprises. Like the King's Balance where kings were weighed against grain, gold or money which was then distributed to the poor, the Queen's Bath with its arched corridors, projecting balconies and lotus-shaped fountains that once sprouted perfumed water, the two-storied Lotus Mahal with recessed archways, the huge Elephant Stables, the splendid Vithala Temple with its musical pillars and the Stone Chariot, the Virupaksha Temple, still used for worship, Ugra Narasimha, the 6.7 m tall monolith, the Pushkarini Tank, the Mahanavami Dibba and so much more. The once-powerful Vijayanagar empire was compared to Rome by the Portuguese traveller Paes. Jantar Mantar : Jantar Mantar The Yantra Mantra (literally the 'instrument and formula', and often called the Jantar Mantar), is located in the modern city of New Delhi, Delhi. It consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur, from 1724 onwards, and is one of five built by him, as he was given by Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah the task of revising the calendar and astronomical tables. The primary purpose of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables,
and to predict the times and movements of the sun, moon and planets. Some of these purposes nowadays would be classified as astrology. Konark : Konark Situated in the north eastern corner of Puri, Konark is home to the colossal temple dedicated to the Sun God. Konark also forms part of the Golden Triangle of Orissa. A well known tourist attraction, the temple was built by Narasimha Deva, the Ganga King. Nalanda : Nalanda Slide 9: Though the Buddha visited Nalanda several times during his lifetime, this famous centre of Buddhist learning shot to fame much later, during 5th - 12th centuries. The Chinese scholar and traveller HiuenTsang stayed here in the 7th century, and has left an elaborate description of the excellence, and purity of monastic life practised here. About 2,000 teachers and 10,000 students from all over the Buddhist world, lived and studied in this international university. The Gupta kings patronised these monasteries, built in old Kushan architectural style, in a row of cells around a courtyard. Emperor Ashoka and King Harshavardhana were some of its most famous patrons, who built impressive temples and monasteries. Recent excavations have unearthed elaborate structures. An international centre for Buddhist Studies was established in 1951. The Nalanda Museum and the Nava Nalanda Mahavihar are definitely worth a visit. Lauria Areraj is a 11.5 m high Ashokan column, erected in 249 BC. The polished sandstone pillar has six edicts on it. Lauria Nandangarh is the site of the famous lion pillar, erected by king Ashoka. The 8.5 m polished sandstone column also has an edict engraved on it. The Nandangarh stupa, nearby, is believed to house the ashes of the Buddha. Sanchi : Sanchi Sanchi is a small village in Raisen District of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India,
it is located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha
in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the location of several
Buddhist monuments dating from the third century BCE to the twelfth century CE.
It is a nagar panchayat in Raisen district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
Toranas surround the Stupa and they each represent love, peace, trust, and courage.
The 'Great Stupa' at Sanchi was originally commissioned by the emperor
Ashoka the Great in the third century BCE. Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical
brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chatra,
a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to honour and
shelter the relics Slide 11: Undeniably the most famous of India's ancient buildings and a major monument of Mughal art, the Taj Mahal remains breathtaking throughout the years. One of Shah Jahan's five promises to his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the Elect of the Palace, the mausoleum took two decades to be completed and involved 20,000 men. The 73-meter high tomb is lavishly decorated with Koranic inscriptions and is raised on a square podium with minarets at each corner. The tomb is flanked by a mosque and the jawab, a building with no clear function. Fronting the tomb is a vast garden with a huge pool at the center. Gathered nearby are mosques and tombs of less favored wives. Slide 12: THANK YOU