CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA : CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA Slide 2: 2 2 A Picture
is worth a thousand words Some Sweet Ones : Some Sweet Ones COURTESY:google_pics Some Bitter Ones : Some Bitter Ones COURTESY: google_pics CHILD LABOUR : CHILD LABOUR COURTESY: google_pics_childlabour CHILD LABOUR : CHILD LABOUR Child labour is not only a social problem but also an economic one
Watching a young child work for fourteen hours a-day is what is termed as child labor.
Child labour has a predominant feature in Indian society
carpet industry requires the fine little fingers to weave the finest and tiniest of knots to create the most expensive of carpets
firecracker industry probably prefers kids to men because they are cost effective and more efficient
Even household labor – children last longer and are more honest than adults; is a claim made by most homemakers Child Labour Fact Sheet : Child Labour Fact Sheet 73 million working children are less than 10 years old.
While buffaloes may cost up to 15,000 rupees , children are sold at prices between 500 and 2,000 rupees.
47 out of 100 children in India enrolled in class I reach class VIII, putting the dropout rate at 52.79%.
Approximately 16.64% of villages in the country do not have facilities for primary schooling. (UNICEF)
42 million children in the age-group 6-14 years do not attend school in India. Causes of Child Labour : Causes of Child Labour OVER POPULATION: limited resources and more mouths to feed, Children are employed in various forms of work.
ILLITERACY :Illiterate parents do not realize the need for a proper physical,emotional and cognitive development of a child.
POVERTY: Many a time poverty forces parents to send their children to hazardous jobs.
URBANIZATION: MNC's and export industries in the developing world employ child workers, particularly in the garment industry. Slide 9: ORPHANS: Children born out of wedlock, children with no parents and relatives, often do not find anyone to support them. Thus they are forced to work for their own living.
WILLINGNESS TO EXPLOIT CHILDREN: This is at the root of the problem Even if a family is very poor, the incidence of child labour will be very low unless there are people willing to exploit these children.
UNEMPLOYMENT OF ELDERS: Elders often find it difficult to get jobs. The industrialists and factory owners find it profitable to employ children. This is so because they can pay less and extract more work. They will also not create union problem. Causes of Child
Labour Consequences For Children.. : Consequences For Children.. Physical injuries and mutilations are caused by badly maintained machinery on farms and in factories, machete accidents in plantations, and any number of hazards encountered in industries such as mining, ceramics and fireworks manufacture
Pesticide poisoning is one of the biggest killers of child laborers. In Sri Lanka, pesticides kill more children than diphtheria, malaria, polio and tetanus combined. The global death toll each year from pesticides is supposed to be approximately 40'000
Growth deficiency is prevalent among working children, who tend to be shorter and lighter than other children; these deficiencies also impact on their adult life Consequences For Children.. : Consequences For Children.. Long-term health problems, such as respiratory disease, asbestosis and a variety of cancers, are common in countries where children are forced to work with dangerous chemicals
HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases are rife among the one million children forced into prostitution every year; pregnancy, drug addiction and mental illness are also common among child prostitutes
Exhaustion and malnutrition are a result of underdeveloped children performing heavy manual labour, working long hours in unbearable conditions and not earning enough to feed themselves adequately LAWS : LAWS National Policy on Child Labour was formulated in 1987.
prohibition of children being employed in hazardous occupations and processes.
Poverty being the main root cause the govt has decided to generate the employment
supplementary nutrition and regular health check ups so as to prepare them to join regular mainstream schools Initiatives towards Elimination of Child Labour : Initiatives towards Elimination of Child Labour The government has made efforts to prohibit child labor by enacting Child labor laws in India including the 1986 Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation)
Government has accordingly been taking proactive steps to tackle this problem through strict enforcement of legislative provisions along with simultaneous rehabilitative measures
State Governments, which are the appropriate implementing authorities, have been conducting regular inspections and raids to detect cases of violations
Government has been laying a lot of emphasis on the rehabilitation of these children and on improving the economic conditions of their families THE CHILD LABOUR(Prohibition and Regulation) ACT, 1986 : THE CHILD LABOUR(Prohibition and Regulation) ACT, 1986 OBJECT:To prohibit the engagement of children in certain employment’s and to regulate the conditions of work or children in certain other employment’s
DEFINITION:Child: Child means a person who has not completed his fourteen years of age.
APPLICABILITY: In extends to the whole of India
WEEKLY HOLIDAY:Every child shall be allowed in each week a holiday of one whole day.
HOURS AND PERIOD OF WORK: The period of work on each day shall not exceed three hours and no child
shall work for more than three hours before he has had an interval for rest for
at least one hour. No child shall be permitted or required to work between 7
P.m. and 8 a.m.
No child shall be required or permitted to work overtime. PROHIBITION OF EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN IN CERTAINOCCUPATIONS AND PROCESSES : PROHIBITION OF EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN IN CERTAINOCCUPATIONS AND PROCESSES 1. Transport of passengers, goods; or mails by railway
2. Cinder picking, clearing of an ash pit or building operation in the railway
3. Work in a catering establishment at a railway station, involving the movement
of vendor or any other employee of the establishment from one platform to
another or into or out of a moving train.
4. Work relating to the construction of railway station or with any other work
where such work is done in close proximity to or between the railway lines.
5. The port authority within the limits of any port.
6. Work relating to selling of crackers and fireworks in shops with temporary
7. Abattoirs/slaughter Houses
8. Automobile workshops and garages.
10. Handling of taxies or inflammable substance or explosives
11. Handlom and powerloom industry
12. Mines (Under ground and under water) and collieries
13. Plastic units and Fiber glass workship THE CHILD LABOUR(Prohibition and Regulation) ACT, 1986 : THE CHILD LABOUR(Prohibition and Regulation) ACT, 1986 PENALITIES:
Section-3 shall be punishable with imprisonment which shall
not be less than three months which may extend to one year or with fine
which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees but which may Extend totwenty thousand rupees or with both.
section (3) shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than
six months but which may extend to two years.
Any other violations under the Act shall be punishable with simple imprisonment,
which may extend to one month or with fine, which may extend to ten thousand
rupees or with both. CHILD LABOUR : CHILD LABOUR The Silent Killer… Slide 18: Children are remarkably imaginative and resilient - but also heartbreakingly fragile and vulnerable.
“ So let us share their dreams
And shape their future ” . “LET’S SAVE THE FUTURE OF INDIA” : “LET’S SAVE THE FUTURE OF INDIA”