School Psychology

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School Psychology

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What Is School Psychology?: :

By Col Mukteshwar Prasad( Retd ) What Is School Psychology?:

Introduction:

Introduction A school psychologist is a type of psychologist that works within the educational system to help children with emotional, social and academic issues. The goal of school psychology is to collaborate with parents, teachers, and students to promote a healthy learning environment that focuses on the needs of children. School psychology is still a relatively young profession. The National Association of School Psychology (NASP) was established and formally recognized as a doctoral specialty by the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1968. In 2002, U.S. News and World Report named school psychology one of the top ten "hot professions.“ Many school psychologists in the field are retiring, creating a demand for qualified school psychologists. Indian School Psychology Association was established in 2009 .

What Do School Psychologists Do?::

What Do School Psychologists Do?: School psychologists work with individual students and groups of students to deal with behavioral problems, academic difficulties, disabilities and other issues. They also work with teachers and parents to develop techniques to deal with home and classroom behavior. Other tasks include training students, parents and teachers about how to manage crisis situations and substance abuse problems. According to the National Association of School Psychology (NASP), there are five major areas where school psychologists provide services: (1) consultation, (2) evaluation, (3) intervention, (4) prevention, (5) research and planning. School psychologists also act as educators by helping others understand more about child development, behavioral problems and behavior management techniques.

What Do School Psychologists Do?::

What Do School Psychologists Do?: While most work in elementary and secondary schools, there are a number of different areas where school psychologists might find employment. Private clinics, hospitals, state agencies, and universities are possible sectors of employment. Some school psychologists also go into private practice and serve as consultants, especially those with a doctoral degree in school psychology.

How Much Do School Psychologists Typically Earn?::

How Much Do School Psychologists Typically Earn?: According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook published by the U.S. Department of Labor, the average salary for a psychologist working in an elementary or secondary school is $58,360. Reschly and Wilson (1995) found that the average salary for a school psychologist in a faculty position was $57,000. The average salary for a practicing school psychologist with a doctoral degree was $51,000, with master's-level professionals earning an average of $40,000 per year.

What Type of Degree Do School Psychologists Need?(Peculiar to USA)::

What Type of Degree Do School Psychologists Need?(Peculiar to USA): Two or three years of graduate school is the minimum level of training required by most states. However, each state has different requirements for school psychologists. Eighteen states now require national certification, in which students complete an internship in school psychology. Before you choose a school psychology graduate program, be sure to check the specific licensing requirements in your state. What Are the Pros and Cons of a Career in School Psychology?: Benefits of a Career in School Psychology School psychologists are able to help students succeed. Since most school psychologist work in elementary to secondary school settings, they enjoy a predictable schedule. School psychologists are able to collaborate with a variety of community members, including counselors, teachers, parents, and students. Downsides of a Career in School Psychology Difficulties with students or parents can lead to high stress levels. Work-related stress and frustration can lead to burnout. School psychologists often face hectic schedules and an overload of clients.

What Are the Pros and Cons of a Career in School Psychology?::

What Are the Pros and Cons of a Career in School Psychology?: Benefits of a Career in School Psychology School psychologists are able to help students succeed. Since most school psychologist work in elementary to secondary school settings, they enjoy a predictable schedule. School psychologists are able to collaborate with a variety of community members, including counselors, teachers, parents, and students. Downsides of a Career in School Psychology Difficulties with students or parents can lead to high stress levels. Work-related stress and frustration can lead to burnout. School psychologists often face hectic schedules and an overload of clients.

INDIAN SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ASSOCIATION(InSPA):

INDIAN SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ASSOCIATION( InSPA ) Introduction India is a multi cultural and multilingual developing country in the Asian subcontinent. It has multifaceted schooling systems which cater to the needs of the children. In India, the schools run by the state governments, both in urban and rural areas differ in many respects from the private English-medium schools that draw children by and large from economically prosperous families. The Indian setting today is characterized by the existence of schools of various standards, which may be distinguished on the basis of a number of indicators, including teaching methods, physical infrastructural facilities, and policies of administration. The children of these schools need proper psychological guidance to learn and acquire skills and abilities. School Psychologists alone can provide the necessary professional guidance to the children in schools. At present Indian schools are badly in need of such professional school psychologists to create an ambiance to teach and learn so as to provide desired high quality school education in the country.

INDIAN SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ASSOCIATION(InSPA):

INDIAN SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ASSOCIATION( InSPA ) Introduction In India, academic psychology is predominantly dominated by the Western concepts and principles. The psychology graduates mostly get training on educational and clinical psychology. School Psychology is a new area to study and research based on International models. The competency requires both knowledge and skills in a particular domain.

Launch of Indian School psychology association:

Launch of Indian School psychology association To provide a platform to get these inputs in School Psychology, a six member team of psychologists met under the guidance of the renowned psychologist Prof. B. Mukhopadhyay and evolved the Indian School Psychology Association. The national level association is expected to take an initiative at the policy making levels of the State and Central governments to introduce School Psychology as a subject in the curriculum and to appoint at least one trained school psychologist in each school by creating the post of school psychologists all over the country to develop school education more effective. There is a pertinent need for school psychologists to propagate the basic concepts of School Psychology and to impart proper training on the basis of the guidelines issued by the International School Psychology Association, USA and the National Association of School Psychologists, USA. To initiate the process the association has been started in Puducherry on 15th August, 2009. Registered Office: No.17, 14th Street, Krishna Nagar, Puducherry - 605 008, India.

Launch of Indian School psychology association:

Launch of Indian School psychology association Character: The Indian School Psychology Association shall be a voluntary non-profit educational service society. All its income shall be applied solely for the promotion of its aim and objectives and no part of it shall be distributed to any of its members. Aim and Objectives: The primary aim of the association is to develop and promote School Psychology, Human Values-based education and training to meet the needs of society and particularly to elevate the poor from poverty through school education. To realise the aim, the following are the objectives: To promote the use of sound psychological principles within the context of education, internationally. To promote communication among professionals who are committed to the improvement of the mental health of children in schools. To encourage the training and employment of school psychologists in India. To promote the psychological rights of all children throughout the country. To initiate and promote cooperation with other organizations working for causes similar to those of ISPA in order to help children.

Launch of Indian School psychology association:

Launch of Indian School psychology association To condemn any discrimination of a racial, religious or sexual nature and recommend its members conduct their professional life consistent with this principle. To mobilise human resources and other resources to utilise them effectively to realise the aim. To establish education, training and counselling centres /units to promote social and economic development of the community through education. To establish and promote high quality School Psychology Programmes and Centres to meet the needs of specific groups, particularly the children and teachers. To establish education, training and counselling centres at schools, colleges and universities to promote School Psychology. To organise local, regional, national, and international seminars, conferences, exhibitions, lecture meetings, workshops and training programmes . The Inspa is an affiliating association of the International School Psychology Association, USA and Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, India.

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