Disaster Management-1(Comunity Based Disater risk Management)

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Terms and Definitions in Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM). Concept:

Terms and Definitions in C ommunity -Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) . Concept By Mukteshwar Prasad based on input from : Sailendra Pattanaik, CRS India

Hazard:

Any phenomenon, substance or situation, which has the potential to cause disruption or damage to infrastructure and services, people, their property and their environment. Hazard

Disaster:

The serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material or environmental losses, which exceed the ability of the affected communities to cope using their own resources justifying external assistance. Disaster

Capacities:

The resources and skills people posses, can develop, mobilize and access, which allow them to have more control over shaping their own future and coping with , resist to and recover from the impacts of hazards. Capacities

Vulnerability:

A state/condition which describes factors or constraints of an economic, social, physical or geographic nature, which reduce the ability of a community to cope with , resist to and recover from the impacts of hazards. Not HAVING / HAVING Less than the required Capacities and resources to respond appropriately to a hazard. Vulnerability

Risk:

The probability that negative consequences may arise when a specific hazards impact a specific vulnerable areas, people, property and environment during a specific time / period. Risk can be calculated based on Specific Hazard impacts on specific Area during a specific time / period. Risk = Hazard x Vulnerability Capacity Risk

Risk Reduction Measures:

These are various activities, projects and programs that the communities may identify after assessing and analyzing the risks that they face. These measures are specifically intended to reduce the current and prevent future risks in the community. Risk Reduction Measures

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR):

Is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)

Community:

Community is a term that has a wide range of usage, which includes the following: Community can be defined geographically: such as a cluster of households, a small village, or a neighbourhood in a town. Community can be defined by shared experience, such as particular interest groups, ethnic groups, professional groups, language groups, particular hazard-exposed groups, etc. Community can be defined by sector, such as the farmers, fisher folk, business sector, etc. Community can be used to refer to groupings that are both affected by and can assist in the mitigation of hazards and reduction of vulnerabilities. Community

Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM).:

A Community-Based Disaster Risk Management is a process of disaster risk management in which at risk communities are actively engaged in the identification, analysis, treatment, monitoring and evaluation of disaster risks in order to reduce their vulnerabilities and enhance their capacities. This means that the people are at the heart of decision making and implementation of disaster risk management activities. The involvement of the most vulnerable is paramount and the support of the least vulnerable is necessary. In CBDRM, local and national governments are involved and supportive (ADPC-CBDRM-11, 2003). Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) .

Disaster and CRS Innovations:

RELIEF LIVELIHOOD RESTORATION SUPPORT Innovative Seed Fairs FLOOD RESILIENT SHELTER TECHNIQUES 5 techniques. Disaster and CRS Innovations

RELIEF :

Catholic Relief Services (CRS) provides Non-Food Items (NFIs) Shelter materials WASH materials RELIEF

LIVELIHOOD RESTORATION SUPPORT:

Innovative Seed Fairs Provisioning support with DIGNITY Giving Options / Choices to the affected community LIVELIHOOD RESTORATION SUPPORT

PowerPoint Presentation:

Step 1.E: pillar pit digging Step 1.F: confirm pillar pit depth Step 1.G: maram compacting Step 1.G: mortar application Step 2.A: measure pillar placement

PowerPoint Presentation:

Step 2.D: top plates lapped and bolted at corners Step 2.D: cross-braces bolted at corner pillars Step 2.E: pre-drill and nail tie-beams Step 2.E: attach king posts and ridge beam Step 2.E:pre-drill and nail diagonal primary roof supports

PowerPoint Presentation:

Step 2.F: main-space secondary roof supports at diagonal Step 2.F: middle support ( bukpar ) attachment Step 2.G: diagonal braces from bukpar to tie-beams Step 2.E: tertiary roof structure attachment

PowerPoint Presentation:

THANKS FROM CRS FOR YOUR PATIENCE

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