Effective Professional Presentation Skills

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Effective Professional Presentation Skills: 

Effective Professional Presentation Skills Nancy Clark, M.Ed. Director of Medical Informatics Education FSU College of Medicine


Objectives Students will Utilize PowerPoint effectively Become professional public speakers Communicate effectively Motivate, instruct and involve audience Cite appropriate references Work well as a team

Body Language: 

Body Language Dress professionally Face your audience Audience focus: maintain eye contact with audience Point and re-orient Be enthusiastic

Speak Clearly: 

Speak Clearly Speak at reasonable pace Use inflection Project your voice. Do not mumble. Talk to the audience: Not screen, camera, notes, or self Use professional language. Avoid idioms / slang.

Audience Involvement: 

Audience Involvement Involve the audience, if time. Ask questions; call on individuals; small group activities Utilize progressive disclosure Repeat what they say Write responses on white board or flip chart


Practice If group: rehearse as a group Check timing Provide feedback to each other If individual: rehearse with friend or faculty Rehearse without PowerPoint Rehearse with PowerPoint in classroom

Giving the Presentation: 

Giving the Presentation Introduce topic and all speakers State the objectives Motivate Present the material Include major web sites Review at the end Assess audience understanding

Effective Use of PowerPoint: 

Effective Use of PowerPoint The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Maximizing Visibility: 

Maximizing Visibility Font size minimums: Titles - 32 point Text in bulleted lists - 20 point San serif font best - Consistent Use of Colors High contrast Dark background with light letters Light background with dark letters OK

Maximizing Visibility: 

Maximizing Visibility Font size minimums: Titles - 32 point Text in bulleted lists - 20 point San serif font Use of Colors High contrast Dark background with light letters Light background with dark letters OK

Maximizing Visibility: 

Maximizing Visibility Font size minimums: Titles - 32 point Text in bulleted lists - 20 point San serif font Use of Colors High contrast Dark background with light letters Light background with dark letters OK

Appropriate Composition: 

Appropriate Composition One major concept per slide Keep slides simple, balanced Keep a border

Use of Text (Rule of 6 ): 

Use of Text (Rule of 6 ) Outline of talk – not every word Put talk in speaker notes 6 lines per slide – 6 words to line Quotations are OK No full sentences Delete articles (the, a, an) Illustrate concepts

Echinococcosis/ Hydatid Disease: 

Echinococcosis/ Hydatid Disease Echinococcosis/ Hydatid Diseases occurs when this tapeworm of parasitic origin infects the human intermediate host. Other intermediate hosts include sheep and cattle. In its adult phase, the tapeworm lives in the intestines of dog species worldwide which serve as the definitive host. Humans and other intermediate hosts become infected when ingesting food or water contaminated by dog feces. The tapeworm eggs are ingested during play with dogs or by consumption of fecally contaminated garden vegetables. Most human cases occur in areas where dogs and livestock are raised together.

Echinococcosis/ Hydatid Disease: 

Echinococcosis/ Hydatid Disease Dogs definitive hosts worldwide Also sheep and cattle Tapeworm infects human host Dog feces in food/water Tapeworm eggs touching dogs Fecally contaminated garden vegetables Incidence greater near dogs and livestock

Use of Images: 

Use of Images Use one image per slide Two to contrast, but make them big Draw arrows – animate Do not enlarge small images Do not distort the image Credit the source author, book/article/website, date, URL


Pathology The Bad Example

Mole vs. Dysplastic Nevi: 

Mole vs. Dysplastic Nevi Ordinary Moles Between 10 and 40 typical moles may be present on an adult's body. Usually found above the waist on sun-exposed surfaces of the body. Scalp, breasts, and buttocks rarely have normal moles. Dysplastic Nevi May be present in large numbers (more than 100 on the same person). However, some people have only a few dysplastic nevi. May occur anywhere on the body but most frequently on the back and areas exposed to the sun. May also appear below the waist and on the scalp, breasts, and buttocks. Number Location BEFORE

Mole vs. Dysplastic Nevi: 

Mole vs. Dysplastic Nevi Number Ordinary Moles 10 – 40 on body Dysplastic Nevi >100 Occasionally just a few Marghoob A, Sachs D. Atlas of Cancer. ©2002 Current Medicine, Inc. Location Ordinary Moles Sun exposed areas Rarely scalp, breast, buttocks Dysplastic Nevi Anywhere on body Mostly sun exposed Can be on scalp, breast, buttocks AFTER


MRI Abnormal Mass Left Femur


Spore cases (cysts) size of RBC High power GMS (Gomori methenamine silver) http://www.som.tulane.edu/classware/pathology/medical_pathology/ Robichaux, WH. Tulane Medical Pathology Course Website. Tulane University. (2005) http://www.som.tulane.edu/classware/pathology/medical_pathology/overview.html


Anatomy Normal Adrenal Gland Enlarged Adrenal Gland

Citation of References: 

Citation of References Credit images and studies on slide author, date, title of article, and journal References on last slide – APA or AMA format www.MDConsult.com is not a reference Track to source materials NEVER CITE Wikapedia Bhutto AM SA, Nonaka S: Incidence of xeroderma pigmentosum in Larkana, Pakistan: a 7-year study. Br J Dermatol 2005; 152(3): 545-51.

References : 

References www.webmd.com www.Crohnsresearch.com www.NIDDK.com www.mdconsult.com www.medscape.com Dr. Klatt’s Webpath X


Resources eMedicine: http://www.imedicine.com/DISPLAYTOPIC.ASP?BOOKID=7&TOPIC=596#SECTION-multiple-system_atrophy eMedicine: http://www.imedicine.com/DisplayTopic.asp?bookid=7&topic=671#SECTION-clinical National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/msa/msa.htm DynaMed: http://dynamed101.epnet.com/Detail.aspx?id=116603 X


Dalvi, A. Parkinson-Plus Syndromes. The eMedicine Clinical Knowledge Base [Online] October 5, 2006. Available at http://www.imedicine.com/DISPLAYTOPIC.ASP?BOOKID=7&TOPIC=596


References Daya-Grosjean L S, A: The role of UV induced lesions in skin carcinogenesis: an overview of oncogene and tumor suppressor gene modifications in xeroderma pigmentosume skin tumors. Mutation Research. 2005; 571: 43-56. Hebra F, Kaposi M.  On Diseases of the Skin Including the Exanthemata, Vol. 3. (Tay W, trans.). London:  The New Sydenham Society, 1874; 61:252-8. Hedera, P and Fink, JK. Xeroderma Pigmentosum. March 1, 2005. Available at: http://www.imedicine.com/DisplayTopic.asp?bookid=7&topic=399. Accessed April 30, 2005. Horenstein, MG and Diwan, AH. Xeroderma Pigmentosum. October 1, 2003. Available at: http://imedicine.com/printtopic.asp?bookid=2&topic=462. Accessed April 29, 2005. Imaeda, S. Cockayne Syndrome. November 12, 2002. Available at http://www.emedicine.com/DERM/topic717.htm. Accessed May 1, 2005. Marchetto MC MA, Burns DK, Friedberg EC, Menck CF: Gene transduction in skin cells: preventing cancer in xeroderma pigmentosum mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2004; 101(51): 17759-64. Nucleotide Excision Repair. (2005, April 25, 2005). Retrieved April 29, 2005, 2005, from http://locus.umdnj.edu/nigms/pathways/ner.html Yarosh D KJ, O'Connor A, Hawk J, Rafal E, Wolf P: Effect of topically applied T4 endonuclease V in liposomes on skin cancer in xeroderma pigmentosum: a randomised study. Xeroderma Pigmentosum Study Group. Lancet 2001; 357(9260): 926-9.

Use of Animation: 

Use of Animation Should enhance, not distract Should not kill time Should be subtle Do NOT use Animation Schemes Custom Animation only Use same transition between slides

Normal Prostate: 

Normal Prostate Fibromuscular stroma Columnar cells Myoepithelial cell layer Laminated concretions

Differential Diagnosis: 

Differential Diagnosis Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Hyperprolactinemia Cushing’s Syndrome or Disease Ovarian Tumor Adrenocortical Carcinoma/Adenoma Hydroxylase deficiency Familial Obesity Idiopathic hirsutism Drug Interaction Hyperthyroidism LABS????

Appropriate File Size: 

Appropriate File Size Post on server/Blackboard Less than 2M if possible Compress all images Web format (96 DPI)

Number of Slides: 

Number of Slides 1 slide = 2 – 3 minutes Image slides less Time yourself Leave time for questions

Appropriate Handouts: 

Appropriate Handouts Supplement presentation Useful tables or Outline of presentation Pertinent articles Bibliography Presentation (3 or 6 slides per page) as last resort



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