Introduction to Poetry and Poetic Device

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Introduction Various Forms Figures of Speech Literary Devices: Simile, Metaphor, Extended Metaphor, Alliteration, Personification, Symbols, Rhyme & Rhythm

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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

Prepared by Ms Siva Introduction Various Forms Figures of Speech Literary Devices: Simile, Metaphor, Extended Metaphor, Alliteration, Personification, Symbols, Rhyme & Rhythm

Poetry is the rhythmical creation of beauty in words. : 

My life has been the poem I would have writ / But I could not both live and utter it." In other words, poetry has a life of its own. Henry David Thoreau Poetry is the rhythmical creation of beauty in words.

Oh oh For you, I would have done whateverAnd I just can't believe we ain't togetherAnd I wanna play it coolBut I'm losin' youI'll buy you anythingI'll buy you any ringCause I'm in piecesBaby fix meAnd just shake me till you wake me from this bad dreamI'm goin down, down, down, downAnd I just can't believe my first love won't be around Shall I compare thee to a Summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate than the sun An old silent pond... A frog jumps into the pond, splash! Silence again. My soul has disappeared behind the howling moon, like with the sun, now it's the eclipse of my soul, since we tried to let each other go, like a sad tune.Knowing that nobody can keep our love under control. Which one is poetry? You can be a sweet dream or a beautiful nightmare Either way I, don't wanna wake up from you

A Poem Is A Little Path : 

A Poem Is A Little Path A poem is a little path That leads you through the trees. It takes you to the cliffs and shores, To anywhere you please. Follow it and trust your way With mind and heart as one, And when the journey's over, You'll find you've just begun.

Haiku : 

Haiku No skyno earth - but stillsnowflakes fall Night, and the moon!My neighbor, playing on his flute -out of tune!

Slide 7: 

ACCORDING TO MY MOOD By Benjamin Zephaniah I have a poetic licence, i WriTe thE way i waNt. i drop my full stops where i like. . . . . MY CAPITAL LeteRs go where i liKE, i order from MY PeN, i verse the way i like (i do my spelling write) Acording to my MOod. i HAve poetic licence, i put my comments where i like,,((())). (((my brackets are write(( I REPEAT WHen I likE. i can’t go rong, i look and i.c. It’s rite. i REpeat when i liKE. i have poetic licence! don’t question me????

Slide 10: 

My Body my body is a walking representation the outward visual caption of what it means to be me from the outside looking in at times I hide from you but mostly what you see is what you will get

Acrostic poem! : 

Acrostic poem! An acrostic poem is one where you choose a word or name and use each letter in the name as the beginning of a word or line that tells something about that person or topic. Coffee Coffee mild, but dark as toast. O..Oh healthy cup, of robust roast, F.....Fresh the smell, of perking pot, F.....Flavors senses, while it`s hot. E.......Everlasting, in every way, E...Every morning, every day.

Literature, particularly poetry, is replete with figures of speech : 

Literature, particularly poetry, is replete with figures of speech A figure of speech: A word or phrase that departs from straightforward, literal language. And it creates an accurate mental picture (image) in the reader “Wah, the rat race is becoming unbearable!” “What? Rats??? Where!!!!” “I didn’t mean it literally. It’s a figure of speech”

Similes : 

Similes A comparison between two objects using a specific word or comparison such as "like“ "as", or "than".

Examples : 

Examples As happy as a lark As gay as a sunflower Faster than a speeding bullet More powerful than a locomotive Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee. O my love is like a red, red rose

PoEms RiCh with SiMiLeS : 

PoEms RiCh with SiMiLeS A Red, Red Rose O My Luve's like a red, red rose,That's newly sprung in June;O My Luve's like the melodieThat's sweetly played in tune.As fair art thou, my bonnie lass,So deep in luve am I;And I will luve thee still, my dear,Till a' the seas gang dry, my dearWhile the sands o' life shall run.And fare thee weel, my only luve,And fare thee weel, awhile!And I will come again, my luveTho' it ware ten thousand mile!

Metaphor : 

Metaphor Connects two ideas or objects and asserts that they are the same “She is a wild boar” “His smile was heaven”

Identify the metaphor used and think critically about its effect : 

Identify the metaphor used and think critically about its effect Life I had stayed in the theaterWatching - right to the endThis movie that I hatedThis movie that bored me What can I say?Except...I had already paidThe price of admission What metaphor(s) does the persona allude life to? I am a sword, Sharper than a tongue Nobody can defeat me, Because I am a sword, I can not be hurt by what people say About me, I will not show my anger Against Someone else What metaphor(s) does the persona compare allude himself to?

Sylvia Plath - Metaphors : 

Sylvia Plath - Metaphors I'm a riddle in nine syllables, An elephant, a ponderous house, A melon strolling on two tendrils. O red fruit, ivory, fine timbers! This loaf's big with its yeasty rising. Money's new-minted in this fat purse. I'm a means, a stage, a cow in calf. I've eaten a bag of green apples, Boarded the train there's no getting off.

Extended Metaphor : 

Extended Metaphor An extended metaphor is a metaphor that continues into the sentences that follow.

Identify the extended metaphor used : 

Identify the extended metaphor used All the world's a stage,And all the men and women merely players;They have their exits and their entrances,And one man in his time plays many parts,His acts being seven ages As You Like It (Act 2 Scene 7) William Shakespeare

Draw the image that this poem depicts with its use of the extended metaphor : 

Draw the image that this poem depicts with its use of the extended metaphor Hope is the thing with feathersThat perches in the soul,And sings the tune--without the words,And never stops at all,And sweetest in the gale is heard;And sore must be the stormThat could abash the little birdThat kept so many warm.I've heard it in the chillest land,And on the strangest sea;Yet, never, in extremity, Identify the extended metaphor used and analyse its effect

Personification : 

Personification An object or idea is represented as a person. Cartoons employ this technique quite literally

In literature, it is used figuratively : 

In literature, it is used figuratively “The wind roared wildly” “The hurricane smiled at the wreckage she had caused.”

_________ by Lee Tzu Pheng : 

_________ by Lee Tzu Pheng The operation was massive; Designed to give new life To the old lady. We have cleaned out Her arteries, removed Detritus and silt Created a by-pass For the old blood Now you can hardly tell Her history We have become So health conscious The heart Can sometimes be troublesome Identify the personification employed. What connotations does the use of personification evoke?

Onomatopoeia : 

Onomatopoeia An onomatopoeia is a word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes. Examples, Quak, woof, Croak, Used to heighten/amplify/intensify the readers’ sensory hearing Very popular technique used in old action movies

Identify the onomatopoeia and any other literary devices in the extract below. : 

Identify the onomatopoeia and any other literary devices in the extract below. He was a wild boar, getting angrier by the minute. He was seething and fuming and his face was as red as bonfire. Smoke was billowing out of his years. Here comes the choo-choo train!

Imagery : 

Imagery Imagery is used in literature to refer to the descriptive language that evokes sensory experience. Metaphors, Similes, personification, symbols  come under the of imagery

Identify the imagery used : 

Identify the imagery used The Secret Sits by Robert Frost We dance round in a ring and suppose, But the secret sits in the middle and knows. He learns to say yes, say yes, and goes home to a lighted house, a dazzle of horror, security, darkness and love.

Symbolism : 

Symbolism A symbol is something that represents a larger idea or value. Recall The Happy Prince and The Necklace Popular symbols: Flowers Nature, Animals

Singapore’s National Symbols : 

Singapore’s National Symbols Half Lion and Half fish Why this hybrid creation? What is a lion associated with? What is a fish associated with? Why is fish iconic to Singapore?

Tongue Twisters : 

Tongue Twisters A good cook could cook as much cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies I saw a saw that could out saw any other saw I ever saw. Betty Botter bought some butter, but she said "this butter's bitter! But a bitof better butter will but make my butter better" So she bought some betterbutter, better than the bitter butter, and it made her butter better so 'twasbetter Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter! Alliteration

Alliteration : 

Alliteration

Rhythm: Which is a rap and which is a pop song? : 

Rhythm: Which is a rap and which is a pop song? In New York,Concrete jungle where dreams are made of,There’s nothing you can’t do,Now you’re in New York,These streets will make you feel brand new,The lights will inspire you,Lets here it for New York, New York, New York Yeah,Yeah, Imma up at Brooklyn,Now Im down in Tribeca,Right next to DeNiro,But i’ll be hood forever,I’m the new Sinatra,And since I made it here,I can make it anywhere,Yeah they love me everywhere,I used to cop in Harlem,All of my dominicanosRight there up on broadway,Brought me back to that McDonalds

Rhythm : 

Rhythm The meaning of a text is formed by an interplay between language, rhythm and sound flow of words and movement in a poem created through stress and pauses within a poem Rhythm can be conveyed through metre, pace, rhyme and repetition

Rhythm : 

Rhythm Break, Break, Break By Alfred, Lord Tennyson Break, break, break, On thy cold gray stones, O Sea! And I would that my tongue could utter The thoughts that arise in me. Observe the three stressed syllables in the first line. What do they help convey? Break: To crash into a shore and change into foam O: Interjection used before the name of a person or thing addressed by a poet. It is intended to express deep yearning

Rhyme : 

Rhyme Rhyme refers to the repetition of a final word by that of another word, at the end of lines or within the lines of a poem Most poems have a definite rhyme scheme Roald Dahl’s poem of Cinderella has a rhyme scheme that is called couplets

rHyMe : 

rHyMe Why use rhyme? Poems are more lyrical Hence more memorable Why analyse rhyme? Rhymes link words, ideas together to complement or emphasis the meaning Rhymes create a harmonious sound so as to make the poem more memorable

Types of Rhyme Scheme : 

Types of Rhyme Scheme End Rhyme Humpty Dumpty: wall and fall men and again Internal Rhyme Long light shakes across the lakes “shakes” rhymes with “lakes”