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Logic Model and Program Design : 

Logic Model and Program Design Rebecca K. Odor, MSW Director of Sexual & Domestic Violence Prevention Division of Injury and Violence Prevention Virginia Department of Health 804-864-7740 Becky.Odor@vdh.virginia.gov www.vahealth.org/civp/sexualviolence Thanks to the University of Wisconsin-Extension and the CDC

What is a logic model?: 

What is a logic model? A simplified picture of a program, initiative or intervention that is a response to a given situation. Used in planning, program design, managing programs and communicating.

A Simple Model: 

A Simple Model This graphic representation shows the logical relationships between the: resources that go into a program activities the program undertakes changes or benefits that result

Slide4: 

“I think you should be more explicit here in Step Two.”

Logic Model for treating a headache: 

Logic Model for treating a headache

What does a logic model look like? : 

What does a logic model look like? Graphic display of boxes and arrows; vertical or horizontal Relationships, linkages Any shape possible Circular, dynamic Cultural adaptations; storyboards Level of detail Simple Complex Multiple models

Logic Model for a Headache: 

Logic Model for a Headache Assumptions: It assumes that you can find or get the needed pills. It assumes that you actually take the pills as prescribed. It assumes that the result will be similar to your previous experience taking these pills. It assumes that there will be no negative side effects. What other assumptions are embedded in this example?

Slide10: 

Staff Money Partners Develop parent ed curriculum Deliver series of interactivesessions Parents increase knowledge of child dev Parents better understanding their own parenting style Parents use effective parenting practices Improved child-parent relations Research INPUTS OUTPUTS OUTCOMES Facilitate support groups Parents gain skills in effective parenting practices Simple logic model Parents identify appropriate actions to take Strong families Targeted parents attend SITUATION: High rates of child abuse and neglect in the county. During a county needs assessment, a majority of parents reported that they were having difficulty parenting and felt stressed as a result. Reduction in cases of child abuse and neglect

Why use logic models?: 

Why use logic models? Helps in planning, evaluation, implementation Helps to identify gaps in our program logic and clarifies assumptions so success may be more likely Builds understanding and promotes consensus about what the program is and how it will work--builds buy-in and teamwork Makes underlying beliefs explicit Helps to clarify what is appropriate to evaluate, and when, so that evaluation resources are used wisely Summarizes complex programs to communicate with stakeholders, funders, audiences Enables effective competition for resources (Many funders request logic models in their grant requests)

Limitations of logic models: 

Limitations of logic models Programs are not really linear Can over-simplify a program Won’t tell you if the right outcome is being identified and measured Hard to identify and communicate the assumptions Could be based on faulty research data Represents reality, is not reality

Identifying Outcomes: 

Identifying Outcomes Ask why. Then ask why again. What is/will be different as a result of the initiative? What would you want to say to your state legislator about your program? Seek ideas and input from others, i.e., current and past participants, funders, local officials, board members and informed outsiders.

Unintended Outcomes: 

Unintended Outcomes Unintended outcomes can be positive, negative, or neutral. What might result other than what is intended? How else might the program unfold? Who might be affected, unintentionally and/or negatively? How might the external environment have unintended influences?

Slide15: 

Staff Money Partners Deliver daily yoga classes Deliver stress management program Increase knowledge of stress management Better understand their own stressors Improve-ment in handling of stressors Research INPUTS OUTPUTS OUTCOMES Facilitate support groups Gain skills in effective stress management techniques Headache Prevention Program Logic Model Practice daily meditation or yoga Reduction in number of headaches Targeted women participate SITUATION: According to a health survey, a majority of women report having a headache 3 or more days a week. The same survey shows that a majority of women feel moderate to high levels of stress daily. Improvement in quality of life

Slide16: 

Trainer Funds Equipment Research base Training curriculum Situation: The CDC requires a logic model as part of its Request for Applications. Program managers have limited understanding of logic models and their uses. Increase knowledge of logic models Increase ability to create a useful logic model of program Increase confidence in using logic models Improved planning and design and evaluation INPUTS Logic model of a training workshop 3 hour training Handouts Group work Practice Q and A Create meaningful logic models Use logic models in own work OUTPUTS OUTCOMES Partici- pants Fulfill requirement of funder Secure funds Improve-ment in quality of SVP

Practice developing outcomes: 

Practice developing outcomes Name a primary prevention activity Brainstorm some of the outcomes you would like to receive Fill in the outcomes section of the worksheet flowchart E:\WorksheetFlowchart.doc Logic Model Practice Worksheet

Slide21: 

Do networking and collaboration Assess Community …………… Develop Plans Translate research and surveillance ID good models for materials, messages, and strategies (M,M &S) Do advocacy and policy activities Do Community mobilization activities Train own staff Adopt social marketing approach Develop M, M, & S Provide: Prof training Education sessions K-college education sessions Other awareness building Run Helplines Community is mobilized Champions for new approaches developed Broad partnerships are engaged “Good”/ best” M,M & S known and available to others “Good”/ “best” M,M & S used by others Community norms and beliefs changed Policies and systems changed KAB and skills of key individuals changed Social conditions change State capacity increased Access to services increased Sexual Reduce Violence Disparities Reduced: 1st time perpetration reduced Re- perpetration reduced [Other] Health outcomes of survivors improved: PTSD reduced [Other]  Activities   Outcomes  DRAFT CDC RPE Grant Program State Global Logic Model (3/05) Key constituencies are activated ID best partners and cadre of leaders Appropriate action taken by key individuals ID key underserved populations

Slide23: 

Trainers Money Partners Develop Curriculum Deliver Curriculum Increase knowledge of drugs and alcohol Gain skills and abilities to make healthy choices Choose substance-free living Research INPUTS OUTPUTS OUTCOMES Logic Model Reduction in number of substance-using adolescents Youth in grades 4-6 SITUATION: High level of substance use and abuse among high school students. for DARE program

Group Activity: 

Group Activity Pick a prevention activity (either a new one or existing one) Develop a logic model for it – inputs, outputs and outcomes Spend most of your time on the outcomes. Think about assumptions and unintended consequences Plan to share your model with the large group

Additional Resources: 

Additional Resources The Community Tool Box provides over 6,000 pages of practical skill-building information on over 250 different topics. Topic sections include step-by-step instruction, examples, check-lists, and related resources. http://ctb.ku.edu/ Targeting Outcomes of Programs includes a seven-level hierarchy that integrates program evaluation within the program development process. http://citnews.unl.edu/TOP/english/index.html CDC Evaluation Working Group http://www.cdc.gov/eval/resources.htm#logic

Additional Resources: 

Additional Resources United Way of America's Outcome Measurement Resource Network. Resource Network offers information, downloadable documents, and links to resources related to the identification and measurement of program- and community-level outcomes. http://www.unitedway.org/outcomes/ Building a Successful Prevention Program Western Regional Center for the Application of Prevention Technologies: http://casat.unr.edu/bestpractices/eval.htm W.K. Kellogg Foundation Logic Model Development Guide provides practical assistance to nonprofits engaged in planning and evaluation. http://www.wkkf.org/Programming/ResourceOverview.aspx?CID=281&ID=3669

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