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Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide1: Actual Issues of the Forest Sector of the Russian Economics, Innovations of the National Forest Legislation Mikhail Giryaev Deputy Head of the Federal Forestry AgencyStructure of Forest Management in Russia: Structure of Forest Management in Russia Federal Forestry AgencyModern problems in the organization of forest use: Modern problems in the organization of forest use 1. Increase of roundwood export 2. Increase of timber harvesting by forest management units Mil. m3 Mil. m3 3. Illegal logging in 2005 – 19 Mil. m3 4. Very low amount of forestry and fire control activities elaborated by lease holders in 2005 – 7%Principles of the new system of forest governance : Principles of the new system of forest governance Forest governance is delegated to the Russian provincial authorities Long-term leasing is the main mechanism of forest management Federal Center is strictly limited by volume of powers of forest governance and control The forestry is conducted by a leaseholder or state contractor Decentralization of the governance: Decentralization of the governance Remote sensing forest monitoring State forest inventory and control Production of forest tree seeds Research and education Forest tenure rights Forest protection and reforestation Preventive maintenance and suppression of forest fires Forest management planning Federation Regions Interaction with federal executive authorities Legislative and bylaw documents elaboration Federal budget subventionsOrganization of regional forest administration: Organization of regional forest administration Draft Forest Code Forest range Organization in charge for forestry activities and forest use Forest range: Forest range Draft Forest Code Субъект Российской Федерации Organization of work in cutting areas before harvest Organization of forestry activities Keeping records in the State Forest Register Elaboration if state forest control functions by forest rangers Organization in charge for forestry activities and forest use: Organization in charge for forestry activities and forest use Major activities: Field assessment of the resources in cutting areas Tree seeds and nurseries Forest restoration Preventive measures against forest fires Forest fires suppression Pest control Forestlands amelioration Development of forestry and timber processing infrastructure Timber harvesting Activities on forest protection and rehabilitation under contracts with forestland lease holders Draft Forest Code Innovations in forest legislation: Innovations in forest legislation Expansion of types of forest use Removal of unreasonable restrictions to timber harvesting Introduction of concept and rules of infrastructure development Classification of forests by targeted functions Rationing of forestry activities according to a new classification and zoning of forests Diversity of forest management: Diversity of forest management Timber removal Forest lands use change Forest use without harvesting (recreation, game hunting, other use, etc.) Value of moderate forms of forest use is raised 5 Model Forests are organized (MF «Gassinskiy» at support of CIDA,CFS) Cost structureSlide11: Area under leasing The development of rental fee relations Above 5 years Up to 5 years 87 Mil. hectares 100 Mil. hectares 100% 50% + 15%Forest management with the purpose of harvesting: Forest management with the purpose of harvesting Long-term leasing (49 years) and elaboration of investment projects on timber processing Forestry is conducted by: Leaseholder Leshoz - Forest management unit (without leaseholder) Forestry is conducted by: Leaseholder State contractor (without leaseholder) 2007 2008Disproportion of harvesting volumes and timber processing capacities : Disproportion of harvesting volumes and timber processing capacities Slide14: Russia and the World timber harvesting Share of export in the world 2,3%Slide15: World timber volumes by selected countriesIncrease in volume of harvesting due to new technologies: Affected wood stock Increase in volume of harvesting due to new technologies Overmature hardwoods 4,7 Bil. m 3 (European Russia) Wastes Wide introduction of modern techniques of timber housing construction Use of fuelwood in municipal power engineering Construction of facilities to processing hardwood speciesThe necessity of changing the export duty for roundwood: The necessity of changing the export duty for roundwood RUSSIA - 6,5% Canada – 27% USA- 27% 35 Brazil 12% Finland – the export of raw wood is legislatively forbidden China – the export of round wood is legislatively forbidden Malaysia – the export of round wood is legislatively forbidden Roundwood export duties in the World (% from its cost)Slide18: Illegal loggingSlide19: Russian actions to combat illegal logging National Action Plan (developed under the recommendation of ENA FLEG Ministerial Conference) The interagency action plan to combat illegal timber turnover is now effective (under implementation) Actions Introduction of remote sensing (aero-space) monitoring Introduction of certification system of forest management and timber supply Approach to common understanding of concepts, definitions and terminology Creation of uniform system of forest products accounting and measurements Implementation of agreements on information exchange of forest products transportationSlide20: Thank you for your kind attention ! 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