INDIA: BY LAUREN STEVENS
INDIA INDIA: INDIA INDIAN FLAG LION OF SARNATH PEACOCK RUPEES (INDIAN MONEY) LOTUS FLOWER TIGER BANYAN TREE BATIK PAINTINGS: BATIK PAINTINGS EXAMPLES OF INDIAN BATIK PAINTINGS This is a typical example of a Batik painting. It portrays a traditional Indian theme and references to the Indian lifestyle, for example the position the woman sits in is a yoga pose also the woman is seated on a lotus flower, a symbol used repeatedly in classical Indian art, representing such things as purity and peace. TRADITIONAL SCULPTURE : TRADITIONAL SCULPTURE GANESH THE SCRIBE ORNATE ALTER 5 HEADED HUNAMANA EXAMPLES OF TRADITIONAL SCULPTURE ANJOLIE ELA MENON: FISHERMAN
STORIES - OIL
PAINTING GAMES - OIL PAINTING ANJOLIE ELA MENON ANJOLIE ELA
MENON EXAMPLES OF MENONS PAINTINGS Slide6: MAGICIANS STORY - OIL PAINTING FESTIVAL - OIL PAINTING BRIEF ANALYSIS OF MENON’S PAINTINGS Slide7: FITTH ARRIVAL - OIL PAINTING COMPLAMENTRIES - OIL PAINTING HORSES - OIL PAINTING M.F.HUSAIN M.F.HUSAIN
B.1915 M.F.Husains paintings have been influenced by his many different interests. These include rustic Indian folk art, calligraphy and commercial cinema. Also many artists have influenced Husains painting style and selected themes. For example his confident lines and pure colours come from his admiration of Expressionist painters like Oskar Kokoschka and Emil Nolde. Husain is also influenced by Picasso in his choice of themes. This is apparent in ‘Fifth Arrival’ where the horses depicted resemble those used by Picasso in a painting called ‘Gurnica.’
In ‘Fifth Arrival’ horses race across the canvas and we are left with the impression that they may not still be their if we look away. This impression is created through the expressions and body language of the horses and the woman and also through Husain expressive lines, for example in the horses legs. A sense of movement is also achieved through the blurred background, where all that remains defined is the horses shadows. LAXMAN SHRESHTHA: LAXMAN SHRESHTHA UNTITLED OIL PAINTINGS UNTITLED WATERCOLOURS Abstract painter Laxman Shreshtha principally explores colour and geometrical shapes, for example the windows and triangles used in the examples shown. Many other painters have influenced him, most significantly though, the abstract expressionist painter Rotho. Rotho inspires Shreshtha through his use of colour and his removal of unnecessary forms. Shreshtha artworks have evolved from using a variety of colours on a canvas, to one colour per artwork, where all the hues and tone of that colour are explored. “I want to understand each one of these hues and have the intelligence and strength to use each one of them. “ Shreshtha. The painting shown above is Shreshtha’s reaction to his environment, specifically the Himalayan ranges. Through the potential colours have to express emotions and the purity of geometrical shapes, this landscape describes a sense of spiritual awareness of the land. The colours in this painting, as in many other paintings of Shreshtha describe not only the physical nature of the land but more so the feeling the land leaves with it’s viewer. interview with Adhay Sardesai.Art In India Magazine
RAVI VARMA: EXAMPLES OF VARMAS OIL PAINTINGS B. 1848 D.1906 The major theme of Vama’s work is female portraiture, illustrated in the examples shown. The majority of these women are Indian, but are not always depicted in traditional Indian attire or environments. Often they are portrayed as wealthy European or English women through their poses and the activities they are depicted as being involved in, e.g. a woman sitting on a sofa fixing her hair. Also the the colours used in Vama’s paintings are reminiscent of traditional European artworks, e.g. glowing muted hues. RAVI VARMA Most noticeably these paintings lack the influence of traditional Indian folk art, e.g. symbols of mythology and religion. Instead they capture the traditions of the Western world, e.g. women as the passive homebody, as opposed Indian art where woman would be used in artwork to symbolise fertility, etc. 99: 99 GHDF S.H.RAZA KALIYAN - OIL PAINTING FERTILITY - OIL PAINTING CONVERSATION - OIL PAINTING EXAMPLES OF OIL PAINTINGS BY RAZA ‘Fertility,’ an oil painting by Raza, is a strong, abstract image. It concentrates on solid geometrical shapes and colours which include black, green, blue and white. As with traditional Indian paintings this artwork incorporates a painted frame, which becomes the art also. The center of the painting is clearly defined and all the lines in the painting emerge from this point. Considering the title ‘Fertility,’ the solid spine could represent a starting point of life from which all other life emerges. JAMINI ROY : JESUS - OIL PAINTING WOMAN - OIL PAINTING SEATED WOMAN - OIL PAINTING JAMINI ROY SWAANAYANESHA - OIL PAINTING JAMINI ROY The art of Roy is inspired by both traditional Indian folk and village arts & Western methods of painting. These examples illustrate this appropriately, e.g. many of his themes are around Jesus who is a Christian icon in Western society, however Roy applies aspects of traditional Indian arts, e.g ‘Christ’ where he has incorporated a mosaic texture and Indian symbols. EXAMPLES OF ROYS PAINTINGS ‘Swaana Yanesha’ typifies Jamini Roys painting style. It is again a combination of Western and Eastern ideas. The subject matter depicts a traditional Indian god & the colours used are also reminiscent of those used in traditional Indian painting. However the style Roy has selected to portray this theme in is styalised and abstract in nature, typical of modern, Western paintings. CHRIST -
OIL PAINTING B. 1887 D.1972 Slide12: LOTUS SELLERS - OIL PAINTING VILLAGE GIRLS -
OIL PAINTING N.S.BENDRE EXAMPLES OF
PAINTINGS Bendre is an artist who is a pioneer of Indian modern art. His painting style is influenced by Cubism, Expressionism and Abstraction and various other trends in mainstream European Modernism. However the themes of his paintings explore everyday situations of Indian life. B.1910 D.1992 ‘Lotus sellers’ is a classic example of Bendres technique. In this painting three women sit dressed in traditional Indian clothing selling lotus flowers (national flower of India). This scene is typical of the streets of India, where traders sit along the streets edge selling their goods. The colours in this painting are highly representative of India also and mimic the colours used in traditional Indian paintings. Interestingly though this artwork is painted in a technique developed in Europe, namely Expressionism, where colours are used to express emotions. RESOURSES: RESOURSES BOOKS
CULTURES OF THE WORLD - Edited by Melvin Ember and Carol R Ember. MacMillian Compendium. Published by MacMillian Library Reference 1996.
ETHNIC DRESS - Written by Frances Kennet & Caroline MacDonald Haig. Published by Reed International Books Limited 1995)
IMAGES OF INDIA - Written by Sophie Baker, Introduced by Dervla Murphy. Published by the Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited 1989.
INDIA LIBRARY OF NATIONS - Published by Time-Life Books B.V all rights reserved 1986.
ASIAN ART - An Illustrated History of sculpture, painting and architecture.
THE ART OF INDIAN ASIA (VOL 1&2) - Written by Joseph Campbell. Published by Princeton Uni Press 1955.
India - Art and Culture 1300-1900- Written by Stuart Cary Welch. Published by Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
The flame and the lotus - Written by Martin Lerner. Published by Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers.
MODERN INDIAN ART, Contemporary paintings/sculptures - http://theory.tifr.res.in/bombay/leasure/art/index.html.
ARTISTS ARTS & CULTURE, Indian Artists - http://dir.123india.com
ART IN INDIA - http://www.artindiamag.com/index.html
ARCHIVE OF PROFILES, INDIAN ART CIRCLE - http://www.indianartcircle.com Slide14: EXAMPLES OF INDIAN GODS
DIPICTED IN INDIAN ART GANESH GAYATRI SHIVA Slide15: 2.
Research and collect examples of traditional Indian sculptures. Using these, the references found for the previous task and your final drawing for task one, create a three dimensional sculpture. As in task one, this sculpture will depict a ‘god’ you have invented. Place the reference material for the sculpture in your journal and complete relevant sketches in you journal also. The finished sculpture is to be completed in clay and stand between 20-30cm high. EXAMPLES OF TRADITIONAL INDIAN SCULPTURE Slide16: EXAMPLES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND PAINTINGS SHOWING INDIAN DRESS AND DECORATION Slide17: 4.
Research and retain an example of both an Indian and an Australian traditional landscape.
For each example:
Give the title, artist, medium (materials), date the work was produced and state which country it was produced in.
Write 200 words describing the subject matter (what you can see), any influences you can determine, the style it is painted in (I.e. realistic, abstract), state if the painting is religious, mythical, symbolic, narrative.
At the end of these two descriptions...
Write one paragraph of approximately 100 words stating the overall differences between the two landscapes. Compare the differences between what each artist has concentrated on, the differences between the painting styles of the artists, the differences between the types of perspectives used, etc..
Find at least 5 examples of portraits portrayed in Indian paintings that are painted in a traditional technique an paste these into your journal.
Find a photograph from a magazine of a person you would like to draw and paste this into your journal.
Looking carefully at the traditional Indian portraits and apply this technique to your photograph. Some things you might add could be patterns, black outlines, brighter colours, etc.
You can sketch this artwork out in pencil on A2 paper, but it must be finished as a coloured painting.