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This Briefing is UNCLASSIFIED Maj Brian R. Denman, USAF Commercial Strategic SATCOM Manager USSTRATCOM/J664 5 Dec 06 USSTRATCOM SOM Brief


Overview USSTRATCOM SATCOM Organizations Warfighter Needs Challenges Today and Tomorrow

Assigned Mission Areas: 

Assigned Mission Areas Strategic Deterrence Space Operations Global Strike Missile Defense Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Global C2 Information Operations Combating WMD


Component Structure


USSTRATCOM SATCOM Support Day-to-Day Operations: JTF-GNO: Direct operation & defense of the GIG (payloads) JFCC-Space: Direct space operations (spacecraft bus) Operational SATCOM Managers Near-Term – HQ USSTRATCOM/J66 Operational Policy & Procedures All issues 0 – 2 years out Interface with Industry Strategic SATCOM Managers Future – HQ USSTRATCOM/J84 Programmatic Support Long Term Requirement 2+ years out


USSTRATCOM Satellite Operational Manager (SOM) Relationships


Where Commercial SATCOM Fits OSD (NII) SATCOM Policy (14 Dec 04) Layered requirements/acquisition approach TCA v2.0 & v3.0 - Changing Paradigm Out with the old: “MILSATCOM first. Commercial SATCOM is only used as a surge if military SATCOM can’t meet the need.” In with the new: “Commercial SATCOM is a critical piece of our military communications architecture – first-in, sustainment, and surge.” DoD has a critical need for commercial satellite communications-- this need will continue for the foreseeable future Industry partners are crucial to an overall military/commercial integrated communications architecture Operational Flexibility is key to meeting the unique and changing needs of military users

National Space Policy on Commercial Space: 

National Space Policy on Commercial Space “The United States is committed to encouraging and facilitating a growing and entrepreneurial U.S. commercial space sector. Toward that end, the United States Government will use U.S. commercial space capabilities to the maximum practical extent, consistent with national security.” Commercial Space Guidelines: …”Use U.S. commercial space capabilities and services to the maximum practical extent; purchase commercial capabilities and services when they are available in the commercial marketplace and meet United States Government requirements; and modify commercially available capabilities and services to meet those United States Government requirements when the modification is cost effective…”

Warfighters Have “Few” Requirements: 

Warfighters Have “Few” Requirements WE NEED: Large quantities of bandwidth… …“Assured Access”… …”Protected”… …Worldwide… …Often on Short Notice… …Compatible with Available Terminals… …Accessed Rapidly …With Minimal Training… …and it must be able to fit within budget constraints!


Warfighter Requirements (Gbps) Projected Warfighter SATCOM Demand 5 45 Military SATCOM Demand 30 15 LEGEND Legacy MILSATCOM (DSCS, Milstar, UFO) Next generation MILSATCOM (WGS, MUOS, AEHF) TSAT Commercial Leases Unmet Requirements Uncertainty in Growth 5 45 30 15

2006 “Things Done…”: 

2006 “Things Done…” Close Approach Procedures Acquisition Floors Interference Detection & Mitigation Procedures SI 710-4 updated… migrating to SI 714-5 Growing Joint SATCOM Management and Planning System (JSMPS) Database XML Transmission Plans Mission Assurance Working Group (MAWG) Stand Up

…And Yet To Be Done: 

…And Yet To Be Done DSTS-G Contract Vehicle Modification Implementation in Early 2007 SATCOM Operational Policy & Procedure (SI 714-X) “Leveled Set” of Guidance Under SI 714-4 Common Procedures Across COCOMs Comprehensive Situational Awareness Data Flow Predictive Analysis for War Planning Mission Data to Support Protective Measures Accurate Utilization Data “Section 818” Report is FY05 Benchmark New Approach for FY06 MSS Usage Toughest to Gauge

…And More Challenges: 

…And More Challenges Effective Identification and Aggregation of Requirements IPoS Migration…Transition to Net-Centricity Integration with NetOps Constructs Development of Affordable, Effective Solutions for Highly Mobile Tactical Warfighters Development of Payloads Capable of Handling for Increasingly Large Data “Trunks” (AISR@ 274 Mbps+) Operational Balance Between MILSATCOM and Commercial SATCOM Fusion of MSS and FSS

…And Still More Challenges: 

…And Still More Challenges Full Consideration of Entire Spectrum of Commercial Options…from Leasing to Buying Customer Managed Payloads Hosted Payloads Multiyear Leasing Flexible Leasing Terms Pre-positioned Bandwidth Bandwidth Portability Access Assurance/Rights of Refusal Military-Focused Payloads


‘‘Support for the Warrior”


This Briefing is UNCLASSIFIED USSTRATCOM/J66 Questions/Comments?




USSTRATCOM SOM Function Wide-Band/GBS Maj Mike Varner Protected LTC Heather J661 Strategic SATCOM Mgt Branch LTC James Heather, Branch Chief J664 International Partners MAJ Roy Behne Commercial Maj Brian Denman Gateways Capt Bryan Eovito J66 SSM JTF-GNO OSM J323 SATCOM Operations Branch LTC Louise Moroney, Branch Chief UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED


USSTRATCOM Mission “Provide the nation with global deterrence capabilities and synchronized DoD effects to combat adversary weapons of mass destruction worldwide. Enable decisive global kinetic and non-kinetic combat effects through the application and advocacy of integrated ISR, space and global strike operations, information operations, integrated missile defense and robust command and control.” Provide Global Capabilities to Geographic COCOMS UNCLASSIFIED

SATCOM – Global Operational Support : 

SATCOM – Global Operational Support 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 160000 Peacetime Wartime 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 140% Contingency Ops Support Situational Awareness Apportionment Plans OPLAN Assessments Constellation Deployment Plan Joint Quarterly Readiness Report Wargaming Support Integrated Priority List Joint Warfighting Capabilities Assessment STRATCOM Communication Planning JS/COCOM Support Current Ops Exercises Global Management JSST SME GSSC SOM SOM, GSSC, JSST Unified Command Plan, Chairman’s Instructions, and other Doctrine outline J66 Role UNCLASSIFIED

Escalating Commercial Satellite Usage : 

Escalating Commercial Satellite Usage DESERT STORM 48 MHz (47 Mbps) Sept 01 48 MHz (45 Mbps) 3644 Mbps SAT CENTCOM AOR *3.5 (+) GHz Nov 05 3200+ Mbps SAT 8,000+% Increase between Sept 01 and Nov 05 ENDURING FREEDOM & IRAQI FREEDOM 2.8(+) GHz JUNE 03 2240+ Mbps SAT *Nine satellites supporting 24 task orders

USSTRATCOM SATCOM Responsibilities Governing Directives: 

USSTRATCOM SATCOM Responsibilities Governing Directives Unified Command Plan 2004 “…the single point of contact for military space operational matters…” “…developing desired capabilities, advocating, planning, and conducting space operations…” Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction (CJCSI) 6250.01B, Satellite Communications – 28 May 2004 USSTRATCOM has “…combatant command authority for on-orbit SATCOM systems, serves as the SATCOM Operational Manager (SOM). Directs day-to-day operational management of DOD-owned and leased SATCOM” Designates SATCOM System Experts (SSEs) to serve as the subject-matter expert for the operational capability of their assigned system(s) “…prepares an annual report, based on [Combatant Command, Service and Agency] inputs and internal data,…on commercial SATCOM use and associated costs, along with bandwidth utilization and associated areas of operation JFCC Space Implementation Directive “Act as the supporting commander to CDR JTF-GNO for satellite communications and GIG defense”.

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